IMPROVEMENT OF TRAFFIC LAW COMPLIANCE IN SOUTH AFRICA

Published: 2017-12-06 15:17:48
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OneoftheprimaryissuesthatSouthAfricahasexperiencedovertheyearsistheproblemofincreasedroadcarnage. Mostofthesecasesareasaresultoffailuretocomplywiththetrafficrules. Thereisincreasedignorancebyboththepedestriansandthevehicledrivers. AccordingtoareportbyGerrie (2007.169), 90% oftheroadaccidentsexperiencedinSouthAfricaarecausedbyatrafficoffenceandhasresultedtoanationalcrisis. Thejudiciaryofthecountryfailstoimplementthe ‚Äėsimple‚Äô rulesthathaveledtofurtherworseningofthesituation. Thefinechargedonthetrafficoffendersisnotsufficienttodealwiththematterathand. Theimmensecorruptionwithinthecourtshasalsobeenablowtothecomplianceofthetrafficlaws. Inheftycases, (Gerrie2007.169), concludesthatonly20% ofthemaresettled. Therearemanyinitiativesthatmaybeappliedinabidtoimprovethecompliancewiththetrafficrules. Efficacyinlawexecutionandaneffectivejudiciaryaresomeoftheearliersuggestedmeansoftryingtoelevatethecompliance.
TheResearchProblem
Thisresearchwilladdresstheproblemofidentifyingimportantadministrationchallengestosuccessfullyfinalisetrafficoffencesandtesttheviabilityofappropriateinterventionstoaddresstheissue. Theinsufficiencyinknowledgemanagementwithinorganisationscontributestotheinabilitytofinalisecasesinvolvingtrafficoffences. Also, thelackofknowledgesharingamongorganisationhaspromotedtheunsuccessfulratesoffinalizingtheoffencescommittedontheroads. Therefore, identifyingandcategorisingknowledge, identifyingexistingknowledgemanagementsystems, andsharingknowledgeacrossorganisationswillenhancefinalisationoftrafficoffences. Tosolvetheexistingproblem, theresearcherwilldevelopseveralresearchthemesthatwilladdressdifferentresearchquestions. Thethemesdevelopedandtheirconstituentresearchquestionsinclude:
Theme1: Identificationandcategorisationofknowledge-basedresourcesinadministrationoftrafficlawinfringement
Inlinewiththistheme, thefollowingresearchquestionswillbeaddressed:
I. Whichstatutesgovernadministrationofthetrafficlawoffences?
II. Whattechnicalandadministrativeknowledgefortheadministrationoftrafficlawsexist?
III. Whoownstheexperimentalknowledgeintheadministrationoftrafficoffences?
Theme2: TheUseofKnowledgeSharingbetweenandacrossOrganisations
Thisthemeaddressesthefollowingresearchquestions:
I. Howaccessibleistheknowledgeontrafficmanagement?
II. Howisknowledgebeingsharedinroadtrafficadministrationorganisations?
III. Whoaretheknowledgesharersandhowoftendotheysharetheknowledge?
IV. Whatplatformsareusedtosharetrafficadministrationknowledgeintheseinstitutions?
Theme3: TheexistenceofknowledgemanagementsystemstofacilitatestandardoperationalpracticesintheadministrationoftrafficlawInfringements.
Thefollowingaretheresearchquestionsthatareaddressedbythistheme:
I. Towhatextenthastheexistingknowledgebeenstandardisedorpulledtogether?
II. Howistheknowledgeonadministrationoftrafficlawsbeingmanaged?
III. Howeffectiveistheknowledgemanagementinrelationtothecaseloadfinalisation?
Byelaboratingonthesethemes, theresearcherwillbeabletodeliverinterventionsthatcanbetransformedintostandardregulationsthathelpinimprovingcompliancewithroadtrafficlawsinthecountry.
ChronologyofRoadSafetyfromtheLate1990s
In1996, adelegationwassenttoAustraliatogoandstudythebestroadpracticesintheStateofVictoria. ThiswasreferredtoastheprojectSTIPwhichlaterwascalledarrivealive. AccordingtoareportbyArriveAlive, thelegislationswhichwereappliedfromtheAustraliantripsawareductioninthenumberofroadaccidentsbetweentheyear1996andtheyear1999. Thedepartmentoftransporthadinitiatedarrivealiveasatemporarycampaignin1997. Thecampaignwaslaunchedasaresultofincreasedroadcarnagethatwasexperiencedbetweentheyear1996andtheyear1997. Thecampaignwasofficiallylaunchedon1October1997andendedon1January1998. Thecampaigninvolvedputtingupmultipleroadblocksalonghighways, mobilecontrols, andregularpatrolsalongthemajorroads. Thecampaignreceivedpositivecriticismasoneofthebestinitiativestoeverbeimplementedwithinthetransportsectorofthecountry. Theinitiativehadimpactedtheroaduserstohaveapositiveattitudetowardsthetrafficlaws. ThesecondphaseofthecampaignwasinitiatedonFebruary1998uptoAprilthesameyear. Inthisphase, thepromotersconcentratedonaddressingtheissueofdriverfatigue. Thefollowingcampaignaimedataddressingtheissueofpedestriansafetyandsensitisesthepublicofthebestwaystoupholdtrafficregulations.
TheArriveAlivecampaignscontinuedtobeofgreathelptothetransportdepartmentduetoitsefficacyinpromotingroadsafety. However, theperiodbetweenDecember2002andJanuary2003sawanincreaseintherateofroaddeathsasaresultoffailuretocomplywiththeroadsafetyrules. TheblamesfellonthelaxityobservedintheArriveAlivepromoters. However, theentireblamecouldnotbeplacedonamereinitiativewhichwasjusttryingtoenforcelawsthatwerealreadyinplace. Intheyear2006, thetransportmonthinSouthAfricawaslaunched. ThegivenmonthwasOctober. Duringthislaunchbythetransportdepartment, therewerethreestrategiesthatwerealsolaunchedandtheireffectswereofnation-wide. Thestrategiesaffectedalltransportsectorsthatisair, road, andrail. Accordingtothepublicationbyarrivealive (2005.1), theaimofthestrategieswastoensurethatthepublicsafetywasupheldduringtransport.
Theenforcementorderisonlygrantediftheregistrariscontentedthattheinfringerdeclinedtocomplywithbothinfringementnoticeandthecourtesyletter, thepenaltiesimposedontheinfringerhavenotbeenpaid, ortherearenopendingrepresentationsincaseofaminorinfringement. Also, theregistrarmustascertainthatthevehicleinvolvedintheinfringementbelongstothesaidinfringer. Theenforcementordermustinformtheinfringertopaytheduedatewithinonemonthafterbeingissuedwiththeenforcementorder.

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