|Type of paper:||Essay|
|Categories:||United States Immigration Terrorism Government National security|
The primary purpose of Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is providing enough security measure to the United States of America borders. The agency has moved on and made the employment of nearly 45000 law enforcement officers across its three operational components at and between the United States entry ports, at some precise overseas location, in the maritime environment and air. In the recent years, the CBP has not yet attained staffing target purposely for its law enforcements positions, citations of attrition rates in some locations, a very protracted hiring process, and finally competition level from the other law implementation agencies. Therefore, CBP should make an effort of more efficiently hiring law enforcement applicants plus also recruiting them and also retaining law implementation officers. The main aim of this paper is to create a clear identification of different challenges experienced in the borders of the United States of America.
The United States antagonizes an extensive range of threats at U.S. boundaries, that ranges from the terrorists in the borders, who have really armed themselves with weapons purposely for massive destruction. Further, their main aim for weapons was to ensure authorization of migrants who had any intention of working and living in the United States (Leonard, Gallo, & Veronneau, 2015). Assumed these assortments of pressures, how may the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the congress allocation of scarce enforcement resources and set border security priorities? In a generalized manner, answers to these question, according to DHS, is seen to be organized around risk management. Risk management process usually involves the allocation of resources that are based on cost-benefit analysis and also risk assessment act.
The work of DHS is employing models for classifying threats as relatively high or low risk for specific budgeting and planning exercises plus also implement individual boundary plans. To understand the risks associated with borders, one has to begin understanding the critical threats present. At the United States ancestries, the border-related coercions are connected with the flow of goods and people from one country to another. However, making evaluation and estimation of the potential consequences are always challenging tasks; this is when it comes to complexity and diversity relating to border threats. Making access that connects to border threats are still hard tasks reason being, criminals, terrorists, and the migrants are seen to be the strategic actors who may take part in adapting themselves to border defenses.
Any point of entry in a nation is referred to as the functional equivalent of the border. Exemplification of such functional equivalent include ports within a country's territorial waters and the international airports that may be present within such a specific country. A particular example is the border that existed in the year 1997 in the United States that is Ramsey v. the United States, 431U.S. 606,616-19(1997) (Chen, & Gill, 2015). At this border, the defendants were subsequently condemned and designated of the tranquilizers wrongdoings, and the district court has made a denial of their motion purposely for heroin suppressing. Moreover, the Fourth amendment exemption as about border searches requires that a seizure or a quest that has been conducted by the government to be reasonable and supported by a probable cause. However, the Supreme Court have made an effort of interpreting the Fourth Amendment to make an inclusion of a possible warrant requirement on all seizures and searches that may have already been conducted by the government.
Moreover, Fourth Amendments relating to searches do not at all apply at the nation's borders. In a practice manner, the disagreements concerning searches usually translate into a striking difference mostly in the kinds of searches that are permissible in near-border areas within different circuits that rotate on borders. Further, the Supreme Court has already made an effort in ensuring that the border searches are constituting an exceptional circumstance. Demonstration of the acceptance relating to border search is by the facts of the 1789 first congress held. It advocated on enacting custom statutes through authorizing warrantless searches relating to any vessel or ship entry in the United States plus also proposing of Fourth Amendment reform.
There are some challenges that the United States customs and border protection used to face during their daily conducting of activities. These challenges include merge attacks by their enemies who either had an intention of entering the State without authority delegation on them. The primary purpose of seizure statistics is justifying the mission related to border security through clearly showing tangible metric that can be to the public and policymakers for expanded resources specifically for enhanced capitals to secure the boundary (Makinen, 2018). According to my own opinion, it is cost-effective to spend millions and millions of dollars purposely in an effort of stopping a handful number of individuals that may be bound to terrorize the United States because of human life that is saved is always priceless. Return on investment and issue relating to money should never come to the equation when it comes to the nation's security.
Closed borders and open markets as they pertain towards free trade and smuggling. On the other hand, closed borders must always be open to people but closed to criminals and terrorists. Further elaboration, there is need of talking about the development of "Smart borders" that are advantageous in providing cargo and travelers to the United States.
Furthermore, a terrorist attack in the United States has resulted in adverse effects on the economy. The 9/11 attack has led to both long-term and immediate economic impacts where some are continuing at these present days. The attacks have caused the war on terror, which is one of the spendings in United States history. Further, the attacks have caused a drop of Dow to nearly 700 points plus also it have deepened 2001 recession (Cohen, 2016). The breakdowns include physical damages and immediate costs of the attacks plus the economic impacts, war funding, homeland security, and also future war costs. According to the reports provided in the year 2002, the New York comptroller's office moved a step in making estimates that cost encountered during the 9/11's damage is $55 billion. The value of World Trade buildings alone is only $8 billion. The city has struggled expenses of $5 billion to enhance treatment on injuries which include the individuals who had suffered through inhalation of toxic dust. The immediate impacts of 9/11 include; there was market closing for a period of for days after the attack - maximum losses at the airline industries of almost $5 million from the attacks.
In conclusion, there were considerable challenges that were experienced on the U.S. boundaries since some security individuals were at the risk of attack. Terrorism attacks have resulted in negative impacts on the economic field; thus, the reason for a high level of security measures on the boundaries.
Leonard, T. J., Gallo, P., & Veronneau, S. (2015). Security challenges in United States seaports: an overview. Journal of Transportation Security, 8(1-2), 41-49. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12198-015-0155-9
Chen, A., & Gill, J. (2015). Unaccompanied children and the U.S. immigration system: challenges and reforms. Journal of International Affairs, 68(2), 115. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/openview/af6811d5ee6bce14b21ab66312b2119e/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=41938
Makinen, G. (2018). The Economic Effects of 9/11. Economic Sanctions, 122. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=B9ZoDwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA122&dq=What+has+been+the+economic+impact+of+terrorism+on+U.S.+and+Global+Markets+since+9/11+look+at+this+from+9/11+to+the+present%3F&ots=NWP6jQZzop&sig=UBLxZAzistwgYm-fEq5FFK7s4Zs
Cohen, R. (2016). Migration and its enemies: global capital, migrant labor, and the nation-state. Routledge. Retrieved from https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/9781315595313
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