|Type of paper:||Literature review|
|Categories:||Gender Education Discrimination Social issue|
The fight against gender inequality has been predominant for a long time. Most activities to bring about gender equality has been rapidly seen after world war two. These were due to the invaluable role women played in the war and factories. In that era, women's empowerment received a considerable boost and support from many influential international organizations. It also meant eradicating a lack of basic education that made women lack economic and financial stand. And this was largely experienced in countries like India, China, Bangladesh, and Africa, where the girl child was greatly disadvantaged. Many international organizations made the issue of gender equality their priority in ensuring it received worldwide attention. But frankly speaking, gender equality meant equality to every human being regardless of gender. But its primary role was focused on raising the status of women only, though it is reasonable considering that women were lagging from behind for a long time. However, we cannot turn the blind eye towards the boy child who is also at risk of facing neglect due to the excess attention given to the female gender.
The concept of gender equality has been rooted in society in generations. The presentation of the patriarchal systems and affiliated discrimination has influenced increased cases of gender imbalances in modern society. The recognition of gender balance across the world has received a turn in events from the initial perspective of gender rights manifestation. The article presents the shift in gender inequality deviating from the profound stereotyping attention on women and the rise in the domination of women in the Philippines. What was predicted in the 1970s has come to be evident in the Filipino males in their education. The article derives the conspicuous features in the gender biasness, the pros and cons of the gender deviations, the application of gender disparities in the Barbadian education system as well as the benefits derived in use of the Barbadian education system.
The article argues that recently, for example, in the Philippines, the girls are doing so right that the boys need to catch up. This calls for highlighting the principle meaning of gender equality. Orbeta and Sanchez (1995) demonstrate a percentage population of 25 years and above both males and females who join and successfully finish college. It is clear that the percentage of males on average was more significant than females. But since then, the gap between the two groups has been increasing significantly. What causes the ratio of women to men to be significant is greatly affected by the performance of boys during their elementary and basic learning years. This can also be explained why boys most frequently drop out of school compared to girls. Boys can easily get jobs in the agricultural sector and other industry-related activities. It is also noted that due to hard economic times, boys are required to help their parents to generate the required income to sustain their families.
On the other hand, girls tend to be educated than boys because parents believe that girls will effectively take care of them during their old days as compared to girls. Another possible reason why daughters tend to be more educated than sons is that they require more education and less land. It is also essential to realize gender bias against boys. It is noted that the performance of boys has been lagging from behind, In more than just one country. And it is quite evident that the matter has not been handled with the attention it deserves. This is due to the diversion of attention towards the other gender in the conquest to bring parity. Bouis (1992) strongly suggests that pressure on boys to dropping out of schools is more than that of girls because boys have more opportunities in other areas than girls.
Gender equality is very advantageous in giving equal opportunities to both genders. Both boys and girls, when offered equal opportunities to get an education it will initiate a competitive environment, boost self-esteem, and also allow opportunities to those who deserve. It will also facilitate respect across without rating one gender as inferior to the other. Offering equal job opportunities also accelerates the process of economic growth through the hiring of the competent workforce composed of individuals from both genders, and this will also bring about competitiveness to proof who works best, and the results will be for the better good. A disadvantage, according to the article, Terrier (2016) founds out that teachers favor some of the answers given by the students during a mathematics exam. Girls have been benefiting more from gender-biased grading, which turns out to a disadvantage to the boys. It is unfair to the boys because the girls will receive what they don't deserve in the quest for bringing gender equality.
Regarding the article, the Barbadian education system has a great significance to the quest for gender equality by paying school fees for primary education and also by putting up policies that support basic child education. Also, the government to take up most of the responsibility to ensure adequate resources are availed so that the education sector can utilize them. Loans and other support mechanisms can be created for those with opportunities to study abroad. It will reduce gender discrimination due to lack of funds and other resources.
Bouis, H. (1992). Adolescents in Farm Households: Their Nutrition, Education, and Contribution to Family Welfare, Paper presented to the IFPRI-World Bank Conference on Intra-Household Resource Allocation: Policy Issues and Research Methods, February 12-14, Washington, D. C.
DSWD and World Bank. 2014. Philippines Conditional Cash Transfer Program Impact Evaluation 2012. Report Number 75533-PH, Washington DC: DSWD and World Bank.
DSWD. 2014. "Keeping Children Healthy and in School: Evaluating the Pantawid Pamilya Using Regression Discontinuity Design." Processed.
Hollnsteiner, M. (1970). The Filipino Family Confronts the Modern Word, in Gorospe, V. (ed.) Responsible Parenthood in the Philippines (Manila: Ateneo Publications).
Subrahmanian, R. (2005). Gender equality in education: Definitions and measurements. International Journal of Educational Development, 25(4), 395-407.
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