Introduction of the case of Brown and its Ruling
Brown V. Board of education case of Topeka, of 1954 May 17th, was advocated by Brown. His case was advocating for the civil right of the blacks. Brown, realized that the black schools were being segregated and set aside for the black races only. The case was therefore declared unanimously by the 9-0 supreme court of the United States USA, that it was unconstitutional. The parents of the students of the black race also joined Brown, in the fight towards the racial discrimination in that year of 1954.
Just to elaborate. In the united states of America, racial discrimination was very rampant, since colonization especially on the non-native American citizens, several, groups of the immigrants of the race of negro had been formed earlier, trying to explain and advocate for the unity and civil rights of the other races such as the Negros. The authority banned the groups and other civic groups. with the whites in power.
Segregation, therefore means that a state in which someone is being deprived someone civil rights just because he or she doesn't belong to a particular group of people, usually based on race. Such incidence of racial segregations has also been realized in the South Africa during apartheid regime in which the native citizens of South Africa were being deprived some rights just because they did not belong to the white race. In United State of America, the racial segregation was raced based, in which there were special, utilities set aside for the Americans only like the hotels, the residential areas, the shops of the white and most importantly the schools of the whites and the blacks
Several schools in the united states of America was were set aside for the white and the blacks. The black schools included Adhin High school in Kingston, North Carolina and many other black schools. This black schools used not to realize some privileges, and therefore activist such as Brown came to lame lights to advocate for them. Brown realized that the white schools such as Bogalusa school of the juniors, Mississippi and among many other white public schools used to have excellent facilities, for Science and social science courses, adequate teachers, proper structures and many more necessities for the school's progress and this was contrary to the so-called black schools. Therefore, he championed the case in the supreme court of the United State of America in 1954 under the basis listed above and discussed below.
It is also important to note that, several cases of white school versus the black schools had intervened in the different hierarchy of court of United States of America. Some of which also occurred before the Brown's case, such some of which include but not limited to Robert Sarah's case. In the Supreme Court of the United States of America cases such as that of Loving v Virginia, Ferguson v Plessy and, Board of Education v. Brown and, many more examples of racial discriminations, of which have been a land of change in the United State of America, in relation to the curriculum administration of junior schools to the university.
Board of Education v. Brown case of 1954, was chaired by chief justice by the name, Earl Warren, who much felt that it was time that, the board of education of USA, to revoke the existing law of the law segregation though, through the unanimous decision of his fellow judges. The judgment of the court became unanimous having 9 to 0. The Board of Education Nation Historic Site turned to the unit of the national park in 1992 due to the court ruling in favor of Brown. Brown argued his case in the sense of "Separate is not Equity." His significant aspect of the case then became, separate is equality, if the constitution recognized that all the students were American citizens.
The aspect of Brown's case: Separate is not equity
The United State of America realized a drastic landmark when the supreme court of the land ruled unanimously that all the white schools, in the country, were unconstitutional, this was as a result of Brown case that was the verdict in 1954, by Justice Earl and his fellow judges. Brown argued that the constitution covered all the citizens of the land and therefore segregating others was unconstitutional; this so happened in the times when several schools had been set aside for the whites and some for the blacks. The black schools were few in the country with challenges that forced Brown and hid associate thought it wise that they challenge the board of education of the United States why they had to do that.
Brown was a fearless lawyer, who was an activist who stood firm to argue on behalf of the negro communities that were affected and most importantly the marginalized groups such as parents and students. The quest to fulfill the American dream of United, came alongside emotions, of which it swept several changes within the societies and also fine-tuned the national ideals.
Brown argued that the African Americans, just like other whites fought for the independence and their freedom was granted and therefore everyone was equal by the constitution. That their forefathers also struggled to obtain their political freedom, and for that reason, it was important that all the Americans mingle and learn together as a country driven by same national goals. Brown also argued that there was no point in having the different set of learning subjects in different schools just because of skin color differences. These had depicted the existence and feeling that the education system of the white was that superior to that of the black, just because of the different learned units at college and high schools.
Brown also argued that the long struggle for the same schooling of the whites and the blacks, should even come to an end since 1930 different groups of lawyers from Howard University of the school of law, ban the struggle and since then African Americans have never been recognized to be equal to other white Americans. The other group of activities being, the Advanced School of the people of different color, also formed their union of National Association to fight the racial segregations.
Brown, on the other hand, argued that, at the end of the 1900s, the American government promised that, there would be racial equity, that was not yet fulfilled up to 1950s was not yet fulfilled and that also needed to come to pass. The government by then saw the sense that, the society and the traditional had been condemning the racial segregations.
In conclusion Brown's case of educational equality, had different aspects but the most importantly was that, a country cannot claim a standard constitution but instead have segregated schools depending on the race, that was a directly opposite, and therefore it needed to be declared unconstitutional for that matter, and indeed the judges of the supreme court, by then headed by judge Earl Warren ruled unanimously that it was illegal for the country to have racial schools.
Pacione, M. Urban Problems. NY. Routledge. 2014
Anderson, Wayner. Brown V. Board of Education.The Case Against School Segregation. New York. The Rosen Publishing Group, 2004
John P. Jackson, Jr. Science for Segregation: Race, Law, and the Case against Brown v. Board of Education. New York. New York University Press. 2005
Charles T. Clotfelter.The implication of 'Resegregation; for judicially imposed school segregation remedies. New York. New York University Press. 2010
Smithsonian. Separate is not equal. New York. Behring center .2010
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