Drug Court Team Members and the Role in Reducing Recidivism - Essay Sample

Published: 2024-01-30
Drug Court Team Members and the Role in Reducing Recidivism - Essay Sample
Type of paper:  Essay
Categories:  Court system Substance abuse
Pages: 7
Wordcount: 1780 words
15 min read


Drug courts developed from a solitary court and spread all through the United States. Today, it has grown in number and initially focused on repeat illicit substance users but today it focuses on DWI offenders, juvenile illicit substance users, and adults. Notwithstanding the acceptance of medication courts, their viability in diminishing recidivism stays uncertain as a few issues have not been adequately tended to. While most drug court assessments find that participants have lower recidivism rates than non-members, quite a bit of this studies is methodologically weak. Most distressingly, earlier amalgamations have discovered that drug courts' adequacy in diminishing recidivism is most fragile among the most methodologically thorough researches. Another repetitive, uncertain issue is the duration of drug courts' impact on recidivism. Earlier studies note that most assessments track recidivism at the time of involvement; hence, drug courts' impacts on recidivism are not clear. Another significant issue concerns the viability of non-conventional drug courts, as earlier studies have not recognized their impacts on recidivism from those of adults and traditional courts. Thus, it is not clear the types of drug courts that are linked with greater viability in decreasing recidivism. The motivation behind this paper is to include broad evidence on how team members in drug courts perceive the function of the courts in diminishing recidivism. It is focuses on a few areas of various partners, for example, peer mentors, police officers, prosecutors, defense attorneys, judges and court coordinators.

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Literature Review

Drug Court Judges

The duties of judges in drug courts have enhanced the recidivism rates in the US. Judges have the function of being unprejudiced, fair, and reasonable tuning in to the evidence, and giving a decision above the realities and facts presented. The judge assumes the main role as a colleague in judge courts based on how he or she speaks with the participants and make them feel that even the people in power cares. Over the span of status hearings, the judge and participants are able to talk, and during these hearings is the place where the judge and other court members utilize the authority of the court to spur compliance.

Drug court judges need to show consolation, support, and permits participants to be more open. Allowing an appointed authority to have a bond with the participants help to build relationships. This can be done by investing additional energy with them, compensating their achievements, pushing them harder, having individual discussions. Then again, if a participant relapses, the judge can serve them ramifications for unsuitable conduct and drug use through drug test treatment or prison time. A judge should come up with an ultimate conclusion for their case to determine whether the participant will be a graduate, incarcerated, or detained. In this manner, the judge functions as the case manager and supervisor who coordinate and oversee the treatment to advance recovery and a decrease in recidivism.

Defense of Drug Court

The defense of the drug court are important team member in drug courts. They function as officials of the court and advocate for their customers. A defense lawyer represent participants who partake in drug court programs. They have the duty to obtain the preparation they need to suit their customers' wellbeing. It is fundamental for a defense lawyer to advance public security while ensuring their clients are safe and protected. The role of a defense lawyer is to impart the security of the customer to the judge, but the judge will be the one to make the final decision. In specific situations, a defense lawyer faces circumstances of gauging the privileges of the litigant with the requirement for correspondence with other court individuals' data. The court is where prosecutors, defense attorney, and judges secretly talk about members' advancement and difficulties as well as current methods and procedures required. A significant function of defense counsel is to explore and arrange treatment options and alternatives that will give their customer the most ideal possibility for conquering their chronic drug habits.

Other Drug Court Members

Police officers and prosecutors assume a colossal function in drug courts. The function of the prosecutor is to secure the public's wellbeing by guaranteeing every participant is qualified and suitable for the program and conforms to all drug court needs and requirements. The end goal of a prosecutor is to lessen or forestall the litigant's further commitment with the criminal justice system by tending to the respondent's dependence on drugs and alcohol. Besides, prosecutors make their huge commitment to police through preparing them for their drug court activities. The police perform basic undertakings including enforcement of drug courts. The main obligation of a police is guaranteeing that participants operate in a drug free environment. Police cannot use members of the drug court as informants to be used in other investigations. Finally, the prosecutor has a role in suggesting underlying changes that will empower the police to more readily uphold drug court, for example, offering warrants identifying with drug court participants. The main goal is not to put participants in jail and drug court is not used as a medium to collect evidence to prosecute a participant, should he or she neglect to match whatever rehabilitative projects established.

Drug courts may have other community representatives as part of their team such as sponsors from the self-help recovery community, vocational advisors and peer mentors. Studies have not analyzed the effect of including such people for the Drug Court group; in any case, many reports recommend that the practice can upgrade the team effectiveness in decision making. As a state of government award financing and subsidizing from numerous states, Drug Courts may likewise be needed to have an evaluator from the start of the program to the implementation phase. This training assists with guaranteeing Drug Courts gather solid execution information to answer to great quality program checking and assessment.


This paper investigates the ethical standards of judges, roles, and power, and defense lawyers in the drug court and how they believe these issues matter within the drug court environment. In this section I present the data collected from the courtroom observation and interviews from Both Jane and Michael-drug court members.

Film Notes

To collect data on the study topic, I watched a YouTube video on drug court proceedings. The YouTube video starts with the Judge expressing that it is the most joyful day in County courthouse. The court hold graduations regularly for individuals who have seen difficulties and are fit to be praised and recognized. The Judge states the member’s merit "an express" and an affirmation, which discover that individuals who have been accused of lawful offense can have their cases excused in the event that they roll out an improvement to improve things and leave he life of addiction behind. The judge appear positive and pleased based on his stance and words; he recognizes other than individuals who are members of the drug court such as supportive family and friends, detective, housing specialist, prosecutors, public officers, treatment providers, administrative assistant, program manager, and program director.

Besides, the judge talks about individuals who merit commendation profoundly and is more than mindful of the graduates as they have experienced different difficulties. The graduates are introduced by the counselor and public defender to share their story on their journey with addiction and they advanced.

Interview Notes


Jane started her profession as a case manager working in the field. She care for individuals with mental stress and addiction due to substance use and abuse. For years he worked in the juvenile courts and later joined the drug courts. The major types of drug counts available in the United States are dependency drug court, felony drug court, misdemeanor court, and juvenile court. The juvenile court is for anyone younger than 18 and it is normally for cannabis charges. Teenagers should observe house rules, test negative, and show they are partaking in school or work. It permits young people to have a new beginning.

Jane specifies how adolescents are the difficult customers to deal with because they regularly couldn't care less. The misdemeanor court primarily focus on cocaine charges and deal with outpatient individuals. With respect to the felony court, it is difficult because BSO is the fundamental supplier in this court. The felony court is the place where the participants should call each day to check whether they should take a drug test. The judge responsible for this court often put people in prison for a period of two days for lying. The dependency drug court is the most serious court since it includes monitored childcare for about six months, parenting classes, and rug testing. Jane states how individuals in this court often have trauma that need urgent psychological attention. However, the discernment can be slanted based on her claims. She clarifies how the judge is very key in drug court. Judges have any kind of effect in how cases experience correspondence and how they cooperate with the customer in cases.


Michael expresses how in the last 5 decades it would be difficult to seek help from the criminal justice system. He addressed how in the event that you carry out a wrongdoing and you will be punished for either general or specific deterrence. Michael makes reference to how addiction was viewed as a wrongdoing previously. Until alcohol and drug addiction got named an illness, the criminal justice system changed itself. Michael additionally clarifies how the assistance for addicts is accessible however individuals may not be eager to request help and they need assistance and inspiration. Michael talks on therapeutic courts thusly rather than discipline courts that leave people to deals with themselves.

The individual should be moved from regular court to drug court and should finish the drug court program including proficient and clinical treatment with different testing and get-togethers. The adjudicators will salute however can likewise give results if the individual isn't meeting the necessities, for example, setting the individual in prison for a day. In the event that the individual finishes the program effectively their charges are excused and in the event that they do not they can be charged liable or reclaimed to regular court. Michael shares his story about how in the past alcohol was a solution to him and not a problem. He accepted each Friday night he needed to drink. Besides, Michael went to the acknowledgment he was a drunkard subsequent to having a seizure and brought to prison where he had another episodes of seizure. He clarifies how he saw the judge and requested assistance because he could not live without alcohol. Society all in all does not talk on addiction and dependence and what solutions fare required to help.

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