|Type of paper:||Essay|
|Categories:||Community health Sustainable development|
1. Identify and describe the SDG you have chosen. Discuss your reasons for choosing it.
Goal 3: Good health and well-being of people is the chosen goal because this goal impacts all the other n16 goals. A healthy community can achieve the other 16 SDGs while an unhealthy community cannot even achieve the mother goals even in one thousand years. Communities worldwide are suffering from preventable ideates while infant mortality rates and premature deaths are threatening the future generations. Reproductive health, maternal mortality, infant mortality, and adolescent pregnancy are major problems that need to be checked and that is one of the main reasons why this goal is of importance.
1B. Describe the progress or lack of progress made in your SDG.
The UN general assembly set 17 global goals for sustainable development in 2015. However, three years later, the progress towards the SDG 3 goals is almost stalling. The efforts to fight the HIV/AIDS epidemic have had a positive impact on the rates of tuberculosis. The progress in various targets varies and there is still a lot to be done. For example Target 3.1
Maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is still not achieved, Target 3.2 infant mortality rate has been reduced but the reduction is insignificant. Target 3.3- the threat of new HIV infections is also reduced but the reductions very small. The progress on Target 3.4 which refers to the non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is very poor and very little has been achieved making the NCDs the most serious problem. Progress towards Target 3.5 - the worldwide alcohol consumption is very poor and this is the same case with Target 3.6 (road traffic injuries) which is still very poor.
2. Discuss the outcome measures used. Describe which regions of the world are meeting the goal and which are not.
Sub-Saharan African is one of the regions not meeting heirs SDG3. For example, HIV/ AIDS are the leading cause of death among the younger generation. The HIV epidemic is still devastating the people. In the WHO African region, only half of the women had the family planning need satisfied as compared to the 90% of the women in WHO Western Pacific region WHOse family planning needs were satisfied. The WHO African Region is not meeting their SDG 3 goals of reducing child mortality rates as it was the highest rate of 81.3 per 1000 live births.
Stunting is still a major problem in the WHO African Region and the WHO South-East Asia Region. Overweight and obese is also still problems in the WHO South-East Asia Region.
The WHO European Region achieved their malaria reduction goals while the WHO African Region did not meet their malaria reduction targets where there were an estimated 92% of deaths occurred. WHO African Region still performed poorly in reducing the TB fatality rate (Gokarna, 2016). The WHO European region also failed in meeting their goals of reducing multidrug- or rifampicin-resistant TB fatality rates. In conclusion, the regions that are not meeting the goals include WHO sub-Saharan African and WHO South-East Asia Region. Never the less, the WHO European region is meeting its goals but they are not there yet. WHO Region of the Americas has significantly achieved its SGD 3 goals while Eastern Mediterranean Region and Western Pacific Region are still working towards their goals.
3. Identify a factor hindering or aiding in the successful meeting the goal. Discuss the regions of the world impacted by these factors. Be specific.
The current United States presidential administration's policies and the pharmaceutical industry are not delivering political commitment or investment required to combat diseases. Currently, the global Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) burden is very high and the capacity to prevent and control the Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) is low. Other factors hindering the successful meeting of the goals include Slower and unequal economic growth, demographic or population growth and immigration. It is not easy to cater for the increasing population. Educating is still the most important factors that aid the successful meeting of the goals as the people are enlightened on how to take care of their health. Education empowers people and this liberates them from poor mental health, and poor health choices and bad lifestyles.
4. What interventions or changes are being considered to assist in the successful meeting of the goal? Which regions are targeted for the interventions?
Some of the recommendations including reducing tobacco use alcohol consumption. Healthier diets, lifestyle change, and physical activity have also been recommended as the best strategies to reduce the Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs). Early detection and diagnosis have been identified as the most effective way to manage NCDs (Mosugu, 2016). However, most of the health professionals do not understand the effect of early detection on reducing the rate of NCDs. On the other hand, tracking progress on the SDGs (2018) reported that the NCD is the main cause of death in the low income and middle-income countries despite receiving less than 1.3% of the global health budgets.
5. In what two ways can nursing increase success in meeting the goal? Which nursing organizations can assist and in what ways?
As a professional nurse, my involvement in global health cannot be underemphasized because they are the primary care providers. Nurses can help in the achieving of the SDG 3 through nurse advocacy for the patients and vulnerable populations (Kluge et al., 2018). They can advocate for better care, better care funding, and better care education to the vulnerable population. Nurses can also participate in health education and promotion as the most effective way to reduce the rate of non-communicable diseases primarily (Hatefi, 2017). The government can also leverage their reach through the primary health care organizations and primary care providers WHO can use the experience and expertise to accelerate progress towards SDG 3. The nurse can also create a resources center and be the resources centers themselves to the vulnerable community.
6. How can you influence meeting the goal locally, nationally and globally? Be specific.
I can play a major role in promoting policies that focus on health promotion, collaborating with private, nonprofit secular or faith-based organizations to empower lives and actively participate in reducing the rate of deaths from noncommunicable causes, such as heart disease, stroke, and injuries.
Gokarna, D. (2016). Childhood Marriage: A Challenge to Achieve SDGs in Nepal. Women's Health, 2(3). DOI: 10.15406/mojwh.2016.02.00034
Hatefi, A. (2017). The costs of reaching the health-related SDGs. The Lancet Global Health, 5(12), e1183. DOI: 10.1016/s2214-109x(17)30415-1
Joseph Mosugu, T. (2016). Achieving health SDGs in sub-Saharan Africa through stronger health governance. Annals Of Global Health, 82(3), 469. DOI:10.1016/j.aogh.2016.04.287
Kluge, H., Kelley, E., Barkley, S., Theodorakis, P., Yamamoto, N., & Tsoy, A. et al. (2018). How primary health care can make universal health coverage a reality, ensure healthy lives, and promote wellbeing for all. The Lancet, 392(10156), 1372-1374. DOI: 10.1016/s0140-6736(18)32482-6
Tracking progress on the SDGs. (2018). Nature Sustainability, 1(8), 377-377. DOI:10.1038/s41893-018-0131-z
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