Free Essay: The Presidency of Thomas Jefferson

Published: 2023-10-11
Free Essay: The Presidency of Thomas Jefferson
Type of paper:  Essay
Categories:  American Civil War Abraham Lincoln American history Thomas Jefferson
Pages: 7
Wordcount: 1663 words
14 min read

Thomas Jefferson, conceived in Virginia of English heritage, was one of America's organizers and the primary creator of the Declaration of Independence, that the American provinces were framing their country, and were not, at this point subject to British principles (Jefferson, pg. 3). He spoke to the Second Continental Congress in Virginia, which embraced the announcement of Independence on July fourth, 1776. Jefferson served as the first U.S. Secretary of State under President George Washington and later became the Vice President under John Adams. He ran against Adams in the presidential appointment of 1800 and won. After entering office, Jefferson concentrated on paying off the national obligation he had acquired from his antecedents. His organization brought down extract charges while cutting government spending. Moreover, the Jefferson presidency diminished the Navy's size, at last bringing the national obligation down (Jefferson, pg. 3).

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The Distinction of Thomas Jefferson's Administration from His Predecessors

President John Adams and Jefferson spoke to two distinct dreams of what the United States of America should resemble. While Adams and the Federalists, including George Washington, imagined a stable focal government and a flourishing assembling area focused in the urban communities, Jefferson and the Democratic-Republicans embraced an agrarian ideal, established in the republican ethics of the free little rancher (Scherr, pg. 10). The appointment of 1800 was savagely challenged and encouraged the ascent of the two-party system and harsh partisanship.

Jefferson supported the privileges of states, demanded the restricted central government, and constrained expenses, which remained a marked difference to the Federalists' emphasis on a solid, dynamic government. Jefferson additionally put stock in financial severity. The hugest cutting of the government-spending plan came to the detriment of the military (Scherr, pg. 12). Jefferson did not have faith in keeping up an expensive army. He sliced the size of the Navy Adams had attempted to develop. In any case, Jefferson reacted to the catch of American boats and mariners by pirates by driving America into war against the Barbary States in 1801. The main clash was battled by Americans abroad.

Thomas Jefferson's Significant Local Policy Accomplishments

Over his two terms as president, Jefferson switched the Federalist Party's arrangements by getting some distance from urban business improvement. Rather, he advanced agribusiness through the offer of western public lands in little and reasonable parcels. Jefferson doubted urban communities and rather imagined a country republic of land-possessing Republican yeomen (Scherr, pg. 17). He needed America to be the breadbasket of the globe, sending its horticultural wares without enduring the ills of urban and industrialization. Since American yeomen would possess their territory, they could face the individuals who may attempt to purchase their votes with property guarantees.

Jefferson was exceptionally energetic about education, in 1806; he drove a recommendation into Congress that would authorize government support for state-funded training. Jefferson offered it to Virginia's home state so it could be utilized in their Constitution because Congress did not pass. Jefferson made a reasonable arrangement for instruction that included rudimentary, secondary, and school levels. He had six objectives for education that he trusted would make all individuals beneficial and educated voters (Scherr, pg. 19). The goals were; permitting individuals to manage their own business and enabling them to communicate their assessments and thoughts recorded as a hard copy. Bettering their ideas and resources through reading permits individuals to understand their obligations and the obligations of their neighbors and make them mindful of their privileges and how to utilize them. Finally, helping individuals use what they know in their public activities (Scherr, pg. 25).

Thomas Jefferson's Foreign Policy Accomplishments

Jefferson was conflicted between his motivation toward extension and the need to keep away from war with France, Britain, and Spain. His government's political and international position was convoluted by the fruitful slave unrest in Haiti and Napoleon's endeavor to reconquering the island, which prompted his administration's acquisition of Louisiana from France in 1803 (Scherr, pg. 30). Moreover, Jefferson looked ineffectively to fuse Spanish Florida into the Union and occupied with a corrective war with the Barbary States of North Africa. By his subsequent term, Jefferson's consideration floated for the most part to issues abroad. The worldwide War between Great Britain and Napoleon's France was harming American trade. Jefferson reacted with the Embargo Act, a complete disallowance on foreign exchange imposed in 1807 (Scherr, pg. 38).

Question 2

Significant Reasons for the Civil War

The 1860 appointment of Abraham Lincoln was a vital crossroads for the United States. All through the wild 1850s, the Fire-Eaters of the southern states found a way to leave the Union. With Lincoln's political choice, they masterminded to finish on their risks (Dew, pg. 7). Without a doubt, the Republican president-elect radiated an impression of being their most exceedingly awful terrible dream. The Republican Party bought in to keep subjugation out of the locales as the country broadened westward, a spot that shocked southern sensibilities. The peril introduced by the Republican victory in the arrangement of 1860 prodded eleven southern states to leave the Union to outline the Confederate States of America, another republic focused on keeping up and developing bondage (Dew, pg. 9). The Union drove by President Lincoln, was hesitant to recognize these states' departure, and yielded to restore the country.

The discussion on whether new states would be slave or free came back to the contention over statehood for Missouri and Texas. This request developed after the Mexican-American War of 1846 to 1848 when the lawmaking body talked about whether subjection would be permitted in the areas taken from Mexico (Dew, pg. 9). Attempts in Congress to show up at an exchange off in 1850 depended on the standard of notable force giving the people access to the new territories south of the 1820 Missouri Compromise line finish up whether to allow subjugation. A comparative measure was applied to the Kansas-Nebraska areas in 1854, a move that crushed the Missouri Compromise limit and incited the presentation of the Republican Party Finally, sovereignty ended up being no solution, particularly evident in Draining Kansas in the mid-1850s, as master and abolitionist powers struggled to pick up the high ground (Dew, pg. 12).

The little yet vocal abolitionist advancement further added to the elevating pressures between the North and the South. Since the 1830s, abolitionists drove by author and reformer William Lloyd Garrison had given subjugation a job as a national sin and required its snappy end (Dew, pg. 12). For three decades, the abolitionists fundamentally influenced American culture by bringing the shades of malignance of servitude into open mindfulness. By the 1850s, most likely the extraordinary abolitionists, for instance, John Brown, had gone to severity to crush the foundation of bondage.

The advancement of the Liberty Party 1840, the Free-Soil Party 1848, and the Republican Party 1854, all of which surely repudiated the spread of servitude westward, brought the request immovably into the political field (Dew, pg. 14). In spite of the fact that not all who confined the westward expansion of servitude had a strong reformer bowed, the undertaking to oblige slaveholders' control of their human property solidified the assurance of southern pioneers to monitor their overall population. Refusing enslavement's augmentation, they battled, negated central American property rights. Across the country, people of every political stripe focused on that the nation's disputes would cause discouraged cracks (Dew, pg. 15).

Republicans, including President-elect Lincoln, excused Crittenden's proposals since they restricted the social occasion's target of keeping servitude out of the spaces. The southern states moreover dismissed Crittenden's undertakings at a deal, since it would keep slaveholders from taking their human property north of the 36°30′ line (Dew, pg. 15). On December twentieth, 1860, only two or three days after Crittenden's suggestion was introduced in Congress, and South Carolina began the March towards War when it pulled back from the United States. Three extra states of the Deep South Mississippi, Florida, and Alabama pulled back before the U.S. Senate excused Crittenden's suggestion on January sixteenth, 1861. Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas obliged them one after another on January nineteenth, January twenty-6th, and February first (Dew, pg. 15. A significant part of the time, these withdrawals occurred after incredibly secluded shows and notable votes. A nonappearance of unanimity won in a critical piece of the South.

Event That Started the War Between the States

The appointment of Abraham Lincoln in November of 1860 brought to a head the issue of subjugation in the United States. In direct response to Lincoln's political race as president, seven southern states pulled back from the Union as opposed to continuing to mastermind and deal over coercion (Dew, pg.16).

The chief state to pull back was South Carolina on December twentieth, 1860. By February 1861, six extra states had joined the new Confederate States of America. With their withdrawal, confirmations mentioned that each United States property be gone over to those states, including military property, and said foundations abandoned by United States troopers, sailors, and marines (Dew, pg. 16). The new Lincoln association searched for not to prompt prepared conflict yet would not surrender Federal foundations to the Confederates. Alternatively, maybe, Lincoln chose to resupply Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor and various posts when required. No arms, weapons, or troops would be sent to the legions. On the other hand, supply dispatches with food, grain, and different necessities of life were sent south.

One undertaking to resupply Sumter happened in January, yet Rebel guns excused the vessel. Game plans continued in Charleston between Confederate General Pierre G.T. Beauregard, training the Confederate forces there and Major Robert Anderson, the Fort Sumter legion official. The conversations fail to decide strains (Dew, pg. 17). At a beginning phase, the morning of April twelfth, 1861, Confederate weapons around the harbor began taking shots at Fort Sumter. On April thirteenth, Major Robert Anderson, regiment authority, surrendered the fortification, and it was cleared the next day. The American Civil War was officially upon both the North and the South with the ending on Fort Sumter (Dew, pg. 21).

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