Method: This research was a cross-sectional survey. A pilot survey was initiated to determine every scale by the suggested back-translated approach cross-culturally. The use of SAS-A scores identified the demographic parameter correlations. The study sample consisted of 50 students (31 females and 19 males) and was effectively analyzed. Additionally, confirmatory element analysis was applied to create a model based on theoretical findings.
Finding: there was no sex variation in the SAS-A total score; however, alarm due to negative assessment and social avoidance were identified. A comparison of the males and females on SPIN scores indicated that males showed significant restraint and fear compared to their counterparts females. Additionally, the social and economic factors influenced the outcomes, as well as anxiety signs, were reported to be more among the male students.
The findings indicated that students without anxiety tended to score higher on quality of life than students experiencing anxiety. Moreover, students without anxiety recorded a positive Individualism compared to those with anxiety. Based on the cross-cultural survey, the findings indicated no significant variation on SIAS scores for Arab Palestinian and British college students. The direct impact between the research variables and the positive connection between anxiety and cognitive elements were determined. Outcomes showed that fear greatly mediated the relationships between subjective anxiety and environmental health.
Conclusion: in summary, anxious Arab Palestinian College Students must be offered effective treatment and consultation services to be able to enhance their respective quality of life via better integration with various recommendable social institutions. In case the condition is not detected early and timely treated, the impairment caused by social phobia could result in psychosocial, poor academic, and professional outcomes.
The Relationship between Anxiety Symptoms and Quality Of Life among Arab Palestinian College Students
Anxiety disorder is one of the diagnostic classing encompassed in the Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and the American Psychiatric Association's (APA) Diagnostic. The condition has been legitimately acknowledged since the 80s; however, the issue was never adequately discussed until the DSM-III-R (APA, 1987). Additionally, the DSM-IV-TR (APA, 2000) encompassed anxiety disorder in its clusters (Al-Fayez, Ohaeri & Gado, 2012). The acknowledgment of Anxiety disorder has advanced with the increase in various evidence of epidemiology and other associated studies.
The pervasiveness of various forms of mental problems is relatively significant, with recorded of up to over 32.1% in the overall population (Al-Krenawi, 2005). It is reported that Anxiety and mood disorders cover the greatest percentage of mental issues globally. The current survey on the prevalence of anxiety signs among Arab Palestine college students and elements connected with such symptoms of anxiety, it reported a prevalence of 21.1% for anxiety disorders (Al-Krenawi, 2006). Regarding the number of students who seek treatment for anxiety, most of them initially report to their primary care physicians.
Anxiety disorders and signs significantly impair the normal functioning of a human's body and health; the quality of life among anxious patients has been linked with various adverse results among Arab Palestine college students, such as reduced work productivity, poor social functioning, poor academic performances and even increased mortality rate. Additionally, currently, it has been proven that most individuals with anxiety tend to experience greater declension in quality of life compared to patients with no any form of anxiety. However, little research has been conducted that focuses on the effects of anxiety and depressions among Arab Palestine college students, even though anxiety disorders tend to be a prevalent condition with relatively more adverse impacts compared to depressive disorders. Therefore, there is a discussion as to whether the effects of anxiety on active primary care patients are a result of comorbidity with depression.
Olfson et al. (2001) suggested that the independent impacts of anxiety on active primary care patients were relatively less harmful; and that both anxiety and depression were linked with greater impairment in several domains. Nonetheless, when the presence of significant anxiety was regulated, panic disorder seemed to stay significantly linked with the impairing in social functioning and even academic performances among the Arab Palestine college students. The same outcome was identified as depression when controlling for the case of anxiety (Alansari, 2005). The research conducted by Olfson and his colleagues showed that the measures for performances were due to psychiatric studies, thus resulting in difficulty in comparison to the effect of anxiety and depression relative to any other health problem.
Currently, the impacts of anxiety on quality of life seemed to be an area of focus among many researchers in a significant sample of primary care patients engaging a regularly applied measure of the quality of life that enables for an adequate comparison among patients who are experiencing other health issues. Moreover, the current study emphasizes on anxiety symptoms that applying DSM-IV diagnoses since most patients in the primary care settings may actually vary in regards to their respective sigh displays from those in the psychiatric environment.
The aim of this study
(1) To assess the effects of anxiety symptoms on the emotional and physical functioning of Arab Palestine college students
(2) To determine the impacts of depressive signs on functioning independently of anxiety signs. It is assumed that impairment will be relatively more adverse with enhanced severity of anxiety symptoms
Subjects and Procedures
Respondents were 50 Arab Palestine college students with over 12 who were actually experiencing anxiety. The participants were recruited from three University-affiliated primary care offices. A survey assistant consulted all the participants, and each requested to fill a brief questionnaire. The participant's involvement was entirely voluntary, and all respondents gave written informed consent at the time of enrollment.
Participants were requested to show their gender, race, age in years, gender, and years of education.
The participants showed if they had either been diagnosed or not with various health conditions such as diabetes, congestive heart failure, or cancer and anxiety.
Anxiety was evaluated by the use of BAI (Beck Anxiety Inventory), a self-report measure including various items that assess signs of anxiety such as racing heart and nervousness. The BIA was found to be effective since it had been validated in several samples of medical patients, including those with COPD and student medical outpatients. The respondents were asked to rate every sign on a 5-point scale ranging from 0("never") to 5("severely"); the feedbacks were analyzed to build a single measurable score. The most exceptional scores represented a higher level of anxiety, with scores from 0 to 2 showing the minimal level of anxiety symptoms,3 showing mild anxiety signs, and 5 indicating a more severe anxiety symptom.
The Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36) was applied to help in the evaluation of the various form of functioning. The SF-36 entailed eight subscales, which include the following: physical functioning, role restriction as a result of physical and emotional health issues, social functioning, emotional well-being, vitality, pain, and viral health assessments.
Several regression analyses were initiated to identify the effect of anxiety symptoms on quality of life individually and as a group of students. The unadjusted models were initially shown, and demographic data were filed in stage one and, then the health and disease-associated data were entered in the second stage. In the first model, anxiety was filled in phase three. However, in model two tended to test the independent impacts of anxiety by filling them at the same time.
Again, (ANOVAs) analysis of variance was conducted to assess the impacts of symptoms severity on an individual student's quality of life. Additionally, t-tests were carried to compare the quality of life in Arab Palestine college students who recorded moderate to severe anxiety symptoms with normative data from those with various underlying conditions such as diabetes and congestive heart failure.
This research tends to provide details on the effects of anxiety symptoms among Arab Palestine college students in the primary care setting. The prevalence of anxiety symptoms in this sample was recorded to be very high. Moreover, the effect of anxiety symptoms among the students was reported to be relatively pervasive across every domain of functioning, with anxiety symptoms related to improper functioning in all domains of quality of life.
Hierarchical regression analyses were carried out to identify the impacts of anxiety among the Arab Palestine college students on various domains of functioning (Mu'taz & Hamdan-Mansour, 2016). Unadjusted analyses indicated that anxiety symptoms were linked with improper operation in every domain. Upon the control for demographic information and medical problems, anxiety signs seemed to stay significantly linked with the student's physical and emotional functioning, role restrictions as a result of physical health issues, role restrictions as a result of psychological health issues (Unsal et al. .et 2010). Vitality, social functioning, and overall health overview. Such findings indicated that anxiety symptoms are linked with reduced functioning above, which is attributed to other health issues.
Some assume that the connection between anxiety and functioning is a result of anxiety's significant rates of comorbidity. The anxiety has a significant connection with quality of life, which is independent of other associated health problems. Additionally, when anxiety and depression are analyzed simultaneously, they tend to indicate a differential connection with various domains of functioning (Giacaman et al., .2007). Depression signs indicted significant linkage with role limitations as a result of emotional and physical issues, mental health, and social functioning compared to anxiety symptoms. Anxiety symptoms showed a greater connection with bodily pain. It is concluded that there are various pathways in which anxiety and depression sign impact quality of life. Arab Palestine college students with mild level anxiety symptoms indicted relatively worse functioning compared to those who recorded no symptoms.
On the other hand, Arab Palestine college students with moderate to severe signs had adverse functioning compared to those who recorded a mild level of anxiety. The consistency indicated that anxiety symptoms were linked with improper social and physical functioning. Students who had moderate to severe anxiety symptoms recorded tended to recorded adverse levels of functioning in every domain (Grills-Taquechel, Littleton, & Axsom, 2011). Patients with severe anxiety seemed to experience detrimental bodily harm and mental health problem. The findings...
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Aim: Recently, surveys have suggested that anxiety contributes significantly to the quality of life. This study aims to assess anxiety among Arab Palestinian College Students, including identifying how anxiety impacts the quality of life.. (2023, Sep 08). Retrieved from https://speedypaper.com/essays/aim-recently-surveys-have-suggested-that-anxiety-contributes-significantly-to-the-quality-of-life
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