Absolutism is a type of a political framework that believes that the ruling government should have absolute powers in the governance of a particular country as witnessed in monarchical and dictatorship types of management. Additionally, the doctrine believes that the leader should have unlimited and centralized authority thus is responsible for making a decision on behalf of the country. Further, the theory does not support any form of regulations, control or any checks and balances from any agency in the government, for instance, the judiciary, legislative, or religion. Moreover, the theory hinders the democratic representation of people through electoral processes. Therefore, the absolute rule is a rule by one person usually a king or a queen, and any law or constitution do not influence their operations.
Over the years there have been regular protests or demonstrations against the absolutism or monarchical rule. Some of the world's known absolute rulers include the Ottoman and Mughal emperors, Chinese emperors, European kings, and Russia tsars. Nevertheless, the leaders of the various political systems included the Suleiman, Akbar, Kangxi, Louis XIV, and Peter the great.
King Louis XIV was an absolute ruler since he was the longest reigning King in the history of Europe monarch as his leadership lasted for seventy-two years. Besides, he had absolute power since he ruled a country that was believed to be powerful based on its resources and large size. After taking the leadership role at the age of 23 years, he weakened nobles’ powers while strengthening the powers of intendants that were government officials and were responsible for collecting taxes and administered justice. King Louis dedicated himself to restoring the France economic, political and cultural influences through various policies such as restricting and discouraging imported commodities. However, French’s economy decline when Louis XVI canceled the Edit of Nantes resulting to the migration of the Huguenot businessmen and artists thus the country was robbed talented and skilled workers.
Indeed, an absolute monarch is a good argument to both students and any other individual in the society. The question brings clear understanding on the 17th Century systems of governance including the different political systems, their features, and example. The topic thoroughly discusses the various political systems such as French and English kings, the Russian tsars, and the Chinese or Mughal Emperors. Also, the problem entails the economic conditions, wars, and general civil unrests that were witnessed during absolute rule in various political systems. Lastly, the examples of those arbitrary rules are also discussed to show what they negatively or positively did during their reign, for instance, King Louis XIV, Suleiman, Akbar, Kangxi, and Peter the great.
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