Evaluation of Poverty
Poverty has a lot of influences on a toddler’s physiological and social development. In addition to that, poverty affects a child’s educational programs. The effects may be direct or indirect. For instance, psychological influences affect how the child interacts with the environment. On the other hand, educational effects determine the toddler’s ability to apply theoretical and practical skills he or she gains from school. Schools have been identified as the primary tools that can be used to escape poverty and promote investments that would eventually raise the living standards of people. In many countries, many children are forced to stay out of school and seek early employment because their families cannot meet their wants. The United States has developed initiatives whose main aims are to alienate people from poverty and improve child care programs, especially in the third world countries (Engle & Black, 2008).
Poverty causes a lot of stress to children. Children who come from low-income families have a lot of problems adjusting to the developmental activities like playing and schooling. In most cases, they have poor health and find it difficult participating in the social and academic activities. Stress causes them to alienate themselves from the society and develop other health complications like ulcers (Black et al., 2017).
Also, poverty affects the growth and development of the child. They are ever weak. Malnutrition and poor balance diet cause the child to have stunted growth. They body organs take too long to grow and mature and hence they always look younger than their age (Black et al., 2017).
In conclusion, poverty also affects the brain development of the toddler. In this age, the human brain needs a lot of nutrients and water (Engle & Black, 2008). However, children coming from low-income families have less access to regular meals and water. It, therefore, means that their brains lack the nutrients it needs to grow and mature properly.
Black, M. M., Walker, S. P., Fernald, L. C., Andersen, C. T., DiGirolamo, A. M., Lu, C., ... & Devercelli, A. E. (2017). Early childhood development is coming of age: science through the life course. The Lancet, 389(10064), 77-90.
Engle, P. L., & Black, M. M. (2008). The effect of poverty on child development and educational outcomes. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1136(1), 243-256.
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