Essay Example: The Advancement of the SDG13 for Singapore

Published: 2023-03-26
Essay Example: The Advancement of the SDG13 for Singapore
Type of paper:  Dissertation proposal
Categories:  Education Asia Climate
Pages: 6
Wordcount: 1548 words
13 min read

Proposed model on the advancement of the SDG13 for Singapore - based on a comparative study of Singapore and Denmark's progression toward Climate Action

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Research Question or Hypothesis

Question: How can Singapore improve the implementation of SDG13 on a national political agenda? Hypothesis: (1) Asian values are hindering the implementation of SDG13 in Singapore on a national political agenda; (2) Denmark is prioritizing the implantation of SDG13 in their political agenda, compared to Singapore's political environment initiative. The relativity of the implementation of SDG13 in Singapore compared to Denmark

Objectives: (1) Research on the historical background of Singapore and Denmark; (2) Define and understand SDG13 and the importance of achieving it in a national political level; (3) Research the application of SDG13 in Singapore and Denmark; (4) Analyze and conduct a comparative study on the implementation of the SDG13 in Singapore and Denmark; (5) Design a model for a successful realization of the SDG13 in Singapore.

Review of Literature/Background

The thesis is going to be focused on a detailed analysis of how both countries- Singapore and Denmark implement the SDG13 actions focused on climate change. The research is going to focus mostly on a comparative analysis between the two countries' ways of applying SDG1 3, their results, differences, and the reason behind them. The most important aspect of the thesis, however, is going to be a political perspective on both current climate issues and how the political environment affects both countries' ways of implementation. Throughout the research, surveys will be answered by native inhabitants of Singapore and Denmark to see how cultural aspects and media perspectives affect the perception of current climate issues.

Climate change has increasingly been gaining attention across the globe due to continuing changes in the environment for the last two decades. The previous two UNEP conferences on climate change and climate actions help maintain the current damage and avoid further climate action from the world's status. It is essential to consider various concepts and strategies outlined in the SDG Synergy conferences on climate change. Also, the design concepts help in goals development and innovations from labs like the UNLEASH Lab programs and the SDG synergy programs on climate. Due to the difference in time and results expectations, both countries took different environmental implementation processes. For example, Denmark decided to use the Climate & SDGs Synergy that is strengthened by the Convention in Paris and the 2030 Economic Sustainability. Similarly, Singapore took a slower process, which is a more significant constituent of climate action as a Sustainable Development Goals program through innovations from the millennial pick.

Both of the climactic action aims at restricting climate change to less than 20C by the end of the year 2020. Additionally, both programs aim at scaling up the climate action plan while adopting various mitigation, which corresponds to the imperative critical of achieving both of the country's goals set by the Convection in Paris and the future climate action program for SDG.

The UNLEASH program and the Climate & SDGs conferences offer a secure Synergy link on the SDGs of each of the countries uniquely hence making it easier to focus on climate action and change. Additionally, both counties work carefully through the UNLEASH program, which challenges millennials to devise different ways of handling eight various issues affecting the Sustainable Development Goals. Finally, the two countries are considered to be more industrialized as they host a majority of the largest business across the world, and the implementation of these policies will cause an effect across the whole world and Europe mainly.

Despite the policies of both countries having a more considerable resemblance, the implementation period and the elements implemented vary due to their political nature, which is different for both countries. For Denmark, the policies and implementation method are currently available as the Paris Agreement stipulates them, and there is a 2030 SDG target; therefore, spontaneous action is the way to go. But Singapore needs more time to taste their theories across different regions of the world to determine their effectiveness in climatic response. And their funded project aims at maintaining the world temperature at 0.850C, which is lower than that of Denmark. The political arena of Denmark thinks that the right action is to act now when the situation is controllable, and the other environmental policy is governed and passed by these politicians. However, the Singapore government always receive mounting pressure from international companies in the country to give them time to implement various environmentally friendly energy source before enacting their laws due to the different geographic location of these companies. Research Methodology

The research will use both primary and secondary data. When obtaining primary data, surveys will be conducted via "SurveyMonkey," and interviews will be organized (if possible) with representatives from Singapore and Denmark, related to the SDG13 2030 plan, or scholars. Secondary data is going to be taken from the scholarly books, and from the documents and reports published online by the UN and its various branches, where related.

When considering a research methodology, conducting surveys and interviews helps in determining the steps each has taken to implement the SGD 2030 plan. However, it is important to consider options like research techniques, research strategies, processes, selecting samples, collecting data, and analysis as they are abductive. And all these processes help in formulating abductive reasoning research since climate change is severe and should not rely on assumptions based on one finding, which might be irrelevant in another region. Also, the abductive research approach helps people to understand that climate is a complicated thing; hence climate Action should be abductive. The best way of collecting information suited for this research is by employing instruments in different regions across the two nations. Based on the data collected, scientists can make predictions on future changes in climate.

Selected Bibliography

Agbedahin, A. (2019). Sustainable development, Education for Sustainable Development, and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: Emergence, efficacy, eminence, and future. Sustainable Development, 27(4), pp.669-680.

Campbell, B.M., Hansen, J., Rioux, J., Stirling, C.M., Twomlow, S., and (Lini) Wollenberg, E. (2018). Urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts (SDG 13): transforming agriculture and food systems. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, [online] 34, pp.13-20. Available at: [Accessed 5 Nov. 2019].

Dawes, J.H.P. (2019). Are the Sustainable Development Goals selfconsistent and mutually achievable? Sustainable Development.

Diaz-Sarachaga, J., Jato-Espino, D., and Castro-Fresno, D. (2018). Is the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) index an adequate framework to measure the progress of the 2030 Agenda?. Sustainable Development, 26(6), pp.663-671.

Global Conference on Strengthening Synergies between the Paris Agreement and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: Maximizing Co-Benefits by Linking Implementation across SDGs and Climate Action Concept Note (Draft) Context. (n.d.). [online] Available at:

Goal 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities Baseline for the Global Goals Baseline for the Global Goals in Denmark A pilot project developed by the Danish Architecture Center and Ramboll Management Consulting 2030 NETWORK Danish Parliament's Non-partisan Network for the UN's Global Goals. 2030 PANEL. (n.d.). [online] Available at: [Accessed 14 Jan. 2020].

Grant, S., Tamason, C.C., and Jensen, P.K.M. (2015). Climatization : A critical perspective of framing disasters as climate change events. Climate Risk Management, 10, pp.27-34.

Haliscelik, E., and Soytas, M. (2019). Sustainable development from millennium 2015 to Sustainable Development Goals 2030. Sustainable Development, 27(4), pp.545-572. (2018). Singapore - Sustainable Development. [online] Available at: [Accessed 14 Jan. 2020]. (2020). Climate Action Plan. [online] Available at: [Accessed 14 Jan. 2020]. (2020). WHAT WILL DENMARK LOOK LIKE IN 2030?. [online] Available at: [Accessed 14 Jan. 2020].

Ong, C., Fearnley, L., and Chia, S. (2019). Towards a sustainable future: a holistic inquiry of waste management behaviors of Singapore households. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 26(7), pp.583-596.

Statistical follow-up on the 2030 Agenda Denmark Data on selected indicators showing the development from 2005-2015. (n.d.). [online] Available at: [Accessed 12 Dec. 2019]. (2017). Denmark's implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. [online] Available at: [Accessed 14 Jan. 2020]. (2020). Goal 13 .:. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform. [online] Available at: [Accessed 14 Jan. 2020]. (2015). Paris Agreement. [online] Available at: [Accessed 14 Jan. 2020]. (2015). Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. [online] Available at: [Accessed 14 Jan. 2020]. (2020). United Nations Official Document "The Future We Want." [online] Available at: [Accessed 14 Jan. 2020].

UNDP. (2020). Goal 13: Climate action | UNDP. [online] Available at: [Accessed 14 Jan. 2020]. (2020). Making Sustainable Development Goals happen - UNDP. [online] Available at [Accessed 14 Jan. 2

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