Most world countries have embraced Children's protection rights since 1989. China is one of the most populated nations worldwide with a capacity of 342 million children. The country has a strong body which oversees the promotion and protection of child rights. The security is accorded even to the expectant mothers thus monitoring the protection of the unborn child by reducing the mortality rate (Naftali, 2014). The Chinese government ensures the children benefit from lower material deprivation, access to education and healthcare services. The birth of underweight children is very low. There is an unequal opportunity based on the social class and geographical location. Children from low social, economic level and the immigrant's reports high child mortality rate due to limited health care service access (UNICEF, 2010)
Despite the policies put in place to end gender imbalance, the tradition of favoring boy child by the parents is still witnessed. Chinese has adopted a National Plan of Action for Children aimed at reforming the social services like providing free primary education for all children. The major challenge experienced in protecting children in China is the increased number of children in rural areas and immigrants living poor access.
India is among the top five countries worldwide which have sanctioned conventions on Right of Child. The government has been in the frontline to improve trends in child development and survival. The mortality rate has been reduced at a high percentage. Also, the government ensures availability of clean water to all children. A survey conducted in 2005 shows that the gender disparities in the primary school have been reduced and girl child population in education has been increased (UNICEF, 2010).
Child right deprivation in India is low compared to China. There is a high percentage of children born underweight under five years. Also, more than 20 million children in India do not attend school. The country reports a high rising income hence widening the disparities in healthcare and education (Joshi, 2015).The nation indicates a high rate of child marriage and ethnic imbalance whereby more than 49% of women and 16% of boys marry before 18 years of age. India reports a high rate of gender discrimination and exploitation of girl child (Unicef, 2014).
The government in partnership with the non-governmental organization have come up with strategies to reduce the mortality rate and ensure all children access health care services and primary education. Child laborers in association with Working Children Organization have come up with models where the children participate and share their issues.
Joshi, G. (2015). Child Rights in India: A Light on the Role of NHRC in Implementing them. International Journal of Trends in Economics Management & Technology (IJTEMT), 4(6).
Naftali, O. (2014). Children, rights, and modernity in China: raising self-governing citizens. Springer.
UNICEF. The state of the World's children special edition: celebrating 20 years of the convention on the rights of the child; 2010. New York: UNICEF Google Scholar.
Unicef. (2014). The state of the world's children 2014 in numbers. State of the World's Children, 1-19.
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