Paper Sample - Ideological Frameworks and Remedies: Exploring Governance Challenges

Published: 2024-01-26
Paper Sample - Ideological Frameworks and Remedies: Exploring Governance Challenges
Type of paper:  Essay
Categories:  Politics Sociology Government
Pages: 4
Wordcount: 977 words
9 min read

A political system is an entity where people undertake activities seeking to preserve and amend the laws governing their way of life. The performance of governments is intertwined with the political system's input. Heywood's framework consists of political ideologies such as conservatism, feminism, liberalism, and fascism (Heywood, 2017). The key ideas in liberalism as an ideology are individualism, freedom, and reason. If the political system fails to create an environment for achieving these ideas, it has failed. While liberals still advocate for liberty under the law, they believe that it is more important than aspects such as authority and equality.

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Furthermore, individualism as an idea breeds equality due to the belief that we are born equal. Liberals also judge the political system through its (political system) meritocracy or lack of it. This idea supports the distribution of positions and rewards, depending on one's ability. A political system should be judged based on the progress it accords the polity. The political system should afford its people a chance to grow, move forward, and accumulate wisdom and knowledge. A political system's performance is also highly dependent on how much it tolerates individual liberties and how much it supports and advances plurality. Conservatism, as an ideology, also offers mechanisms for assessing the performance of the system. Tradition is the center key in conservatism, meaning that a political system that fails to conserve practices, pearls of wisdom, institutions, and customs, fails its polity (Leftwich, 2004). Pragmatism ensures that human rationalities are limited to avoid the excesses of human beings when left alone. Conservationists have a pessimistic view of human nature and believe human beings are corrupt, thus maintaining order by having a functioning judicial system with strict laws. This ideology also recognizes the importance of exercising authority from above by instilling leadership and guidance in those who may act selfishly. Finally, conservatives hold property dearly; hence the political system should protect this property.

Some political systems fail to keep up with these frameworks, leaving behind ungovernable politics. However, it proposes some solutions that can be put to use to mend broken politics. To begin with, democracy should be adopted since politics and democracy overlap links people and politics. Furthermore, democracy gives the political system more legitimacy, hence ensuring there is political stability. The limitation that most democratic systems have involves the ruling class's various constraints; antagonizing the politics from popular participation is a gateway to anti-politics. To ensure that sanity is achieved, there should be strict policies governing political bodies. Referendums should be run to pass laws; electoral terms should be shortened, introducing rules that guard against political funding and unfair campaigning and democratization of the economy (Heywood, 2017). In some cases, democracy might be the root of all instability due to the bias that it may create.

Secondly, the political system may be remedied by reducing politicking. The political system may be engaging in heightened politics when the world is leaning more toward globalization and internalization, giving the foreign system a window to exercise its control over the state (Leftwich, 2004). If this is the case, the state must have a superior law to the international laws, adopting a federal state, empowering the local government, and withdrawing from the international bodies raising a conflict. Thirdly, the state can be remedied by reviving citizenship central to the engagements in politics. Allowing people to enjoy their entitlements motivates them to participate in the community, albeit with a keen balance to ensure a sense of duty. One way of achieving this is by promoting relevant education on voting, passing laws to ensure all citizens get their entitlements, and making voting compulsory (Heywood, 2017).

Finally, the political system will need to rebuild equality among its citizens, which will see the economic policy shifting from the state to the market. It can be achieved by introducing a financial planning system, increasing funds spent by the public to increase borrowing, strengthening the tax system, and having steeper laws controlling the banking industry (Heywood, 2017). Revolutions in most states have occurred due to political reasons that may be developments linked with the state's economic and social setup. Karl Max opined that revolutions are ignited by a class struggle that develops into a conflict, with classes seeking to overthrow one another. Other scholars have claimed that disequilibrium in the system is the leading cause of revolutions (Heywood, 2017). They believe this disequilibrium reflects poorly on the political system's capability to mitigate social, economic, international, and cultural inadequacies. While they have not yielded much success, revolutions have been an excellent weapon for the masses demanding to be given their entitlements. Once the ruling class, which Marx terms as opportunistic towards the policy, subjects the polity to deplorable conditions, there ought to be a revolution. A revolt will shake the ruling class. However, this could have devastating effects from which society may never recover. A certain level of Internationalization and international domination ought to start a revolution. The social-structural theory states that when there is global domination creates a perceived weakness of the politicians, the politicians may lose their ability to lead, thus resorting to coercion. This social-cultural revolution was the leading cause of courses in France, China, and Russia.

Also, it is an excellent time to revolutionize when the political system has failed beyond redemption. When all remedies have been unable to work, illegitimate governments present, looting of public property, and corruption, among other factors, people must revolt. However, the decision to go on a revolution should be well calculated and reasoned out to avoid losing more lives, as processes have been known to eat their own.


Heywood, A. (2017). Fifth edition politics: An introduction (6th Ed.). Macmillan International Higher Education.

Leftwich, A. (2004). Thinking politically: On the politics of politics. What is politics: The activity and its study, 1-22.

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