Modern History of Afghanistan

Published: 2019-05-22 13:34:04
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Afghanistan (Islamic Republic of Afghanistan) is a landlocked country located within central Asia and South Asia. The country harbors approximately 31 people making it the 42nd populated country worldwide. It borders Pakistan to the south east, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan to the north and in the far northeast, it borders China. This country is one among the worlds most impoverished nations. It is among the most war-torn, beleaguered and most ravaged of nations. In this country, citizens have for long endured much more than most of the world can ever try to imagine. For most of them in fact, all that has changed in the past thousand years are only the weapons that have been used against them (Ritcher).

The United States government first expressed interest in Afghanistan after 1979 when the Soviet Union aided a section of the PDPA to take over the leadership of the nation. The USA waged war on the Soviets and the PDPA and provided military training and billions of dollars worth of military weapons to Islamic guerillas to take out these two. This involvement had severe casualties that led to the Soviets withdrawing and the Islamic guerillas (Mujahedeen Warlords) taking charge of the country. This however, only worsened the situation as more deaths and rape cases occurred during the time when the warlords occupied several cities of the country. The reign of the Mujahedeen Warlords only brought enslavement and deaths for many of Afghanistans citizens. The Current animosity with the United States which came with the bombing of the World Trade Centre in the US has created enmity between the two states. Osama Bin Laden was accused of this and the regime of the time, Taliban was ordered to hand him over. Talibans refusal to abide by this order led to bombing of the country. The bombing went on until almost all the cities in the country were taken over by the US (Barfield 320).

With regard to foreign relations, Afghanistans relationship with the West is not a good one, except with Russia which has continued to support the country in order to access trade links to the British Empire. The countrys government and citizens perceives U.S and Britain negatively since the intervention of the two countries in Afghanistan has left disastrous impact. Interestingly enough, Afghanistan is back in the hands of War loads and factions that brought the nation years of sufferings namely America and Britain. In other words, the country is in good terms and cooperative moods with these nations as they endeavor to rebuild an economy that they helped to shutter.

Citation

Barfield, Thomas. Afghanistan: A Cultural and Political History Princeton U.P. 2010. Bleaney, C. H., and Gallego Angeless, Afghanistan: a bibliography.

BRILL, 2006. ISBN 90-04-14532-X.

Ritcher Adam, A brief History of Afghanistan , Available from

http://www.afghangovernment.com/briefhistory.htm

sheldon

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