Introduction to Composition

Published: 2022-12-16
Introduction to Composition
Type of paper:  Essay
Categories:  Management Research Analysis Law Medicine
Pages: 8
Wordcount: 1994 words
17 min read

The articles are divided into a different category with each category dealing with specific issues and themes. They reveal how the minority groups in society are suffering and secluded from the wider community based on race, ethnicity, and gender. The authors also discuss the rise of brave individuals to the rescue of these minority groups. This paper summarizes and gives a comparison of the six articles.

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Summary of Articles

"Profession for Women"

The article was written in a period where men dominated the corporate world, which seemed almost impossible for women to join. Virginia Woolf was an exceptional writer and publisher, and her work encouraged many writers of interwar and postwar periods. She focused on the assessment of time, inner feelings of people and their free will.

"Professions for women" was a motivational talk to women who were looking forward to being employed in an environment dominated by men. During the talk, the author narrates the reality of her predicament as a woman and a writer. The main struggle for all female writers is to come out of the norms that the society has put in place to depict women as conservative, pure and submissive without a mind of their own. She was able to break this convention by killing "the angel in the house" spirit of using her views in writing and reviewing books (Richter, 2015).

The author suggests that it is crucial for women to know the effects of their engagement in the workforce and how they should behave once they became professionals. During the Victorian period, women faced discrimination and inequality, and this makes the author present the women's occupation with irony (Richter, 2015). The writer desires that all women should come out of those periods where they had to soothe and worship men. This article is still relevant in today's a society where women are seen as mere objects. All women need to kill the "angel in the house." The article discusses the plight of women during and after the world war. It highlights some of the challenges that women used to face in their desire to pursue careers. Finally, the author advices women that they have the power to change the way the society looks at them.

Behavioral Study of Obedience

This study was carried out by Stanley Milgram to find out whether people are obedient to authorities even when it's against their conscience. The psychologist wanted to investigate the justification given by those accused of genocide during World War II as they could say that they were following orders from their commanders. In 1963, Milgram called for male participants to the experiment through a local newspaper (Griggs, 2017). He wanted to know whether Germans are that obedient to the authority as shown by the Nazi killings.

People were paired in groups of two where one person was the learner and the other a teacher (Griggs, 2017). Every time the learner would fail a question, the teacher would be told by the researcher to increase the voltage of the shock. The experiment aimed to demonstrate how far people could go in harming others as long as they were obeying the authority. The researcher found that 65 percent of the teachers continued to the 450volts and all participants continued to 300volts. He, therefore, concluded that human beings are capable of hurting other people as long as they are obeying an authority figure because obedience to the jurisdiction is something embedded in us when we are growing up. The research tries to explain the reasons behind human action. The article reveals that our environment and the teachings we get as we grow up shapes our behavior to a great extent. In other words, our nurturing and not nature shapes our action.

"On Seeing England for the First Time"

The author portrays a reflexive form of repugnance towards England which colonized their island. She uses imagery in her daily life in school and at home to show the influence of England on the people it controlled. She explains how the class and the teachers saw England as a beautiful land as painted in the picture. She continues to bring out the theme of colonization when she says that they wear it even where they are not supposed to.

What bothers the writer was the way England was controlling and how they influenced their colonized people. Kincaid compares how people think about England and how they feel about Jerusalem as a good land (Kincaid, 1991). She explains how at home they eat like English, how everything in their house is from English and how many people force themselves to eat like them in the morning even when they don't want to. The first thing her father would put on in the morning is his hut made in England, and it will be the last thing that he puts down before sleeping which signified how England controlled their life from morning to evening.

The writer ends by showing how the England oppression had wiped off her identity. She becomes aware of why the teacher kept telling them that they will always be required to draw the map of England (Kincaid, 1991). She is grateful that she was unable to correctly draw the map because of the hatred she has towards their controlling power.

The article reveals the challenges that the colonized people go through. It also portrays the extent of social discrimination in the society. Finally, it discusses how the categorization of people creates hatred in the hearts of many.

"We wish to inform you that tomorrow we will be killed with our families."

The author narrates the terrible genocide that happened in Rwanda in 1994 where two tribes, Hutu and Tutsi started fighting, and the result was the killing of over 800,000 Tutsis by the Hutu in just three months.

The author gives a detailed condition of the country that led to the genocide. The Belgian was the colonizer of Rwanda, and they came up with the idea that the Hutu community was inferior to the Tutsi population even though they were the majority (Gourevitch, 2015). The Belgians believed that the Tutsi were friendly to the European during World War II and they enjoyed a better life compared to the Hutu. The elected president ordered the killing of the Tutsi people from 1970 to 1990s. Killing the Tutsi community became a regular thing, and it brought "people" together.

The killing of president Habyarimana fueled the war further as the Hutu community accused the Tutsi in the involvement of the assassination (Gourevitch, 2015). Many Hutu were encouraged to go and kill as many Tutsi as they could. At the end of the war, many Tutsi were killed together with the Hutu who did not participate in the killing.

After the war, organizations helped the Hutu community with food and shelter which gave them an opportunity to reorganize themselves and rain terror on the Tutsi and other neighboring countries like Zaire.

The article discusses the challenges of the minority in Rwanda. It also examines the role and influence of leaders in the killing of the Tutsi community. Finally, it, reveals the part of the media and activists in advocating for the rights of the minority.

"The Unrepentant Whore"

In 1998, Jamie Hamilton showed up on Vancouver's city hall carrying garbage bags which represented the mysterious killing of women sex workers in the area. Hamilton came to the city hall to look for answers of why women were disappearing without a trace. Hamilton was a transgender commercial sex worker activist, and her voice could speak the language that suits the situation (Harris, 2017). She had previously made letters requesting to meet the mayor with no avail which left her with no choice but to come to the city hall. She camped outside the city hall for a few days waiting to be allowed to see the mayor with no avail.

Hamilton was the first transgender to run for municipal election in Canada. Though she failed, she continued to be an activist for the right of sex workers and created a safe place for them where they could go and take coffee and warm clothing (Harris, 2017). Her activist spirit led to the implementation of laws that now protected sex workers from harm and exploitation. One day she was arrested for housing sex workers at grandma's house, a name she had given the place for its purpose of welcoming the sex workers.

The main argument of the article is to bring out the suffering of the less privileged in the society like the transgender and commercial sex workers. It also discusses the stigmatization that certain people go through based on their orientation. Also, the article brings out the role of all citizens in speaking out about the atrocities committed in society.

"The Sasquatch at Home"

The Sasquatch at home is a lecture given by Eden Robinson, and it is divided into three parts. The speech talks about how Robinson came to learn the culture ingrained in the novel. It explains how culture is transmitted in the 21st century.

The lecturer begins with Robinson introducing herself and all that is important to her including her parents, her lineage and her clan. She also describes the meaning of the Indian name of her mother and her sister name (Robinson, 2011). In the end, Robinson and her father go to explore the "monkey beach" which is the Sasquatch homeland and the title of the novel. Her father explains to her that the idea that the sasquatches are extinct is not real. He tells her that they had built a shopping mall in the mountain which has made them too busy driving and shopping that they have no time to visit Robinson. Robinson describes how she learns the ancient knowledge that she would use in writing her first novel. She is excited to be a reporter in a rediscovery camp where young men go fishing and learn the culture of the people in the area. However, she realizes that her capabilities were not enough. The article brings out the issue of culture and how it is transmitted from one generation to the other.

The article explains the role of norms and culture in discriminating individuals in society. The report shows that it is possible to break out from unhealthy patterns and cultures. It points the origin of some order of things in the community and explains their importance.

Comparing the articles

"On Seeing England for the First Time" and "The Sasquatch at Home"

The two articles talk about women and literature. They present two female writers who have a passion for writing. It also adds the different writing styles employed by each author. Kincaid uses a lot of similes to compare different events. Robinson focuses on the culture and traditions of people and how they are transmitted (Robinson, 2011). Both articles aim at understanding the transmission of learning, and one article answers the question of the other. Kincaid is answering Robinson on how culture is transmitted. She explains how they started doing everything like England because they colonized them. When England colonized their small island, they came with their culture and instilled them on the local people. In short, the two articles complement each other in answering the question of religion and its transmission.

"Behavioral Study of Obedience" and "We Wish to Inform You That Tomorrow We Will Be Killed with Our Families"

The two articles present the issue of power and how it affects the actions of individuals. The first article shows how people will obey an authority figure even if it means killing other people or going against their conscience. In the genocide story, it is the leaders who commanded one community to kill their neighbors, a command that was respected by all (Gourevitch, 2015). This proves the Milgram's theory that we are ready to obey the authority against our conscious.

"Professions for Women" and "The Unrepentant Whore"

The articles discuss the role of women as human rights activists. Virginia Woolf explains how she is dissatisfied...

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