Free Essay Sample: Genetic Knowledge

Published: 2023-03-06
Free Essay Sample: Genetic Knowledge
Type of paper:  Essay
Categories:  Knowledge Biology Medicine Genetics
Pages: 8
Wordcount: 1944 words
17 min read

Genetics is a branch of biology that is concerned with the study of genes, genetic variations, and heredity in living organisms. Genes are the means by which living organisms inherit certain traits from their parents or ancestors. For instance, children usually have a strong resemblance to their parents because they have inherited their parent's genes. Genetic knowledge is also referred to as genetic literacy is the ability of an individual to understand well and appreciate the basic principles of genetics to allow for well-informed decision-making. Health practitioners keep up with the latest research parameters of medical hazards to be able to be a step ahead of medical emergencies

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Genetic knowledge has been applied so much and in so many ways, especially in the medical field. The genes of parents can undergo modification before they can be able to bring forth a child. New reproductive technology has made it possible for new parents to decide exclusively the kind of traits that they want in their children. Genetic self-modification is a concept that has become welcomed and embraced worldwide by health practitioners and members of the public. Parents have a unique opportunity of shaping their unconceived baby even before the baby gets conceived.

Given that a white couple would want to have a black child, the genes of a black person get used so that the baby that will become produced has a dark pigmentation. These are all processes that take place in very advanced and sophisticated laboratories. Only the most experienced genetics doctors are allowed to undertake such tasks. Similarly, the sex of the unconceived baby can also be determined and decided upon in that the parents will receive a tailor-made child. Genetic knowledge has changed the medical world as we know it.

Parents can seek not to get a child with a given genetic condition but rather what they want only through pre-implantation genetic diagnoses and embryo selection. There is a very wide range of genetic conditions that are available for use both medically and commercially (Yanez-Lopez, Maria de L., et al. 2016) Genetic alliterations of a baby are quite a costly affair hence not affordable for most. The selection of sex of the unborn child is usually not always in the hands but also in the government. Some agencies ensure and monitor children's sex alteration to ensure that there is no set of people that are being more preferred than the other. It would not be fair if there were more baby girls than boys.

Once parents have decided to undergo genetic alterations, they assume the responsibility of the wellness and happiness of their child. A child can have their prowess in sports as much as their parents accept it. Characters such as the love for doing things can be changed in the unborn baby stage. As long as an individual has no ill motive, they can design their babies to the minimum allowed limit. Parents are encouraged to optimize their child's development through control of their immediate environment, diet and toys, and by structured activities from babyhood, to acquiring more advanced skills as they have grown.

With the advancement in technology, new techniques that target the specific location within the DNA and remove or replace specific DNA fragments that are in the unborn child. Gene editing is gradually becoming an affordable and relatively fast process. Genes and the environment interact in various complex ways, and hence, some factors within the genes need to be controlled in one way or the answer. Based on available genetic, some biochemists have argued that parents have both the right and duty to seek out the best possible version of their child. Parents can design their babies as sophisticated or as simple as much as they want, given that it is within the legal parameters.

Pregnant women undergo a series of blood tests in advance to assess the risk of passing down some certain genetic diseases such as arthritis (Yanez-Lopez, Maria de L., et al. 2016). When babies are born, a spot of blood is routinely taken from their heel and critically analyzed for any signs of any of the thirty treatable diseases. The test is known as the heel prick test. The genetic heritability of traits that we know most about is those of height and weight; hence, a parent should be in a position to tell which child to keep an eye one is mostly one is okay. Parents can know what to buy and what not to buy as they wait for the baby to be born of a car to be parked.

Despite the considerably low knowledge level, opinion polls indicate that the public is generally positive towards genetic applications where there are clear medical benefits, such as genetic testing for diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Teens undergo genetic engineering so that when they take part in the events of their liking, they perform them extremely well. Athletic performance is one of the most complex human traits. Specific body types are naturally suited for specific sports. Aerobic endurance is the ability to sustain an aerobic effort over a given amount of time

Teenage girls are quite stubborn, especially when it comes to the way they look. Girls would rather have their breathing genes with issues but nottheir looks or even the shape of their bodies. Muscular strength it the ability of the muscle to generate force. It is critical to remember that environmental factors such as training, nutrition also influences many of these traits. The heritability of a trait is generally considered an estimation of the importance of genetic factors to that trait. For example, the heritability of athletic status happens majorly from athletic parents only.

Public access to information is an important cornerstone of public participation and is one of the tools that could help to realize the benefits and avoid the risks of modern biotechnology. Biotechnology is the exploitation of biological processes for industrial and other purposes, especially the genetic manipulation of microorganisms for the production of antibiotics, hormones that cannot be synthesized but only occur naturally. Similarly, it is in the area of socio-cultural impacts that the controversy over GMOs and biosafety takes on its most complex aspect. One can hardly tell the difference between a real farm banana and a genetically modified one.

Genetic Contamination or Interbreeding through the introduced GMOs may interbreed with the wild-type or sexually compatible relatives. However, the tolerance abilities of wild types may also develop, thus altering the native species' ecological relationship and behavior. This way the plants can withstand more. Competition with Natural Species made it possible for faster growth of GMOs can enable them to have a competitive advantage over the native organisms. This may allow them to become invasive, to spread into new habitats, and cause ecological and economic damage.

Increased Selection Pressure on Target and No target Organisms Pressure may increase on target and no target species to adapt to the introduced changes as if to a geological change or a natural selection pressure causing them to evolve distinct resistant populations. Once the GMOs have been introduced into the environment, and some problems arise, it is impossible to eliminate them. The longer you use the GMO, the more the soil could also become used to the

Genetic engineering has a well-distinguished line to when it becomes unethical. Ethically new research has offered to help people with disabilities and prevent them from bettering a person's life. The line is drawn when parents have the choice to modify their child through genomics, this may seem fine, but unfortunately, parents are bettering their children to either make them smarter or more athletic. This modification endangers the child's life by unbalancing their original balance. Genomics allows a person to have their DNA modified to enhance them in certain areas such as sports or academics. Unfortunately, these enhancements can have side effects that harm or endanger the life of that person.

Dangers and Consequences of Genetic Engineering Genetic Engineering will be deadly. The harmful effects of this gene manipulation will not be discovered for years, and it will be too late to reverse the damage. The tools of genetic engineering are natural substances that control biochemical reactions that work like chemical scissors and glue, cutting and pasting DNA molecules and sticking them into the DNA of microbes Botkin, Jeffrey R., et al. The microbes with these transplanted genes may be and harmful and for human consumption and even could cause illnesses before consumption.

The argument is not whether or not it should be allowed but how it should be regulated. Supporters of this technology want to ensure that people know "what is real versus what isn't," and so they want to enforce regulating labeling their products. Congress has provided the U.S Food and Drug Administration (FDA) a limited basis on which to require labeling. Generally, for the FDA to require labeling, there must be something different about the food. In general, this means most genetically engineered foods will not need special labeling because they will be similar to the real thing, but there are exceptions, such as when a gene from a food that could cause an allergic reaction by peanuts.

In an organism, cells depend on each other to perform various functions and tasks; some cells will produce enzymes, others will store sugars or fat; different cells again will build the skeleton or be in charge of communication like nerve cells; others are there for defense, such as white blood cells or stinging cells in jellyfish and plants. To be a fully functional part of the whole, most cells have got the same information and resources and the same basic equipment. A cell is the smallest living unit, the basic structural and functional unit of all living matter, whether that is a plant, an animal or a fungus. Some organisms, such as amoebae, bacteria, some algae, and fungi, are single-celled - the entire organism is contained in just one cell. Humans are quite different and are made up of approximately three million cells.

No cell will ever make use of all the information coded in its DNA. Cells divide the work up amongst one other - they specialize. Brain cells will not produce insulin, liver cells will not produce saliva, nor will skin cells start producing bone. If they did, our bodies could be chaos. The same is true for plants: root cells will not produce the green chlorophyll, nor will the leaves produce pollen or nectar. Furthermore, expression is age-dependent: young shoots will not express any genes to do with fruit ripening; while old people will not usually start developing another set of teeth (Botkin, Jeffrey R., et al. 2025) All in all, gene regulation is very specific to the environment in which the cell finds itself and is also linked to the developmental stages of an organism.

I believe that genetic engineering has promised to better humanity, and it is our ethical obligation to research it but not exploit it. There is a need to have morally correct legislation that guides the way science develops this. Genetic engineering is justified through applied bioethics and despite arguments against its societal implantation, should be fully utilized in efforts to develop into the 21st century. The mass consumption of GMOs by average consumers has unknown, if any, health effects, and many argue that the possible risk is enough to cease genetically engineering agricultural products.

Genetic engineering is in full swing on both plant and animal life. Genetic engineering sounds remarkably similar to cloning, which is also a hotly debated bioethical issue that has recently arisen.

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