One of the most crucial documents in the French Revolution, which was the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen, was introduced and adopted in 1789, 26th August. According to Olympe de Gouges, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizens did not apply to women. A primary revolutionary document that contradicted the original one was introduced in 1791. This document was called the Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen. In this section, this paper compares both Declarations of citizens' rights and Women.
On the one hand, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen provided for the reasons of men, where they had equal freedom and rights. These social differences are only reliant on general goodness. The gal for every political association is preserving imprescriptible and natural rights of man, including rights to property, resistance to oppression, and liberty. The law is also regarded as an expression of the general will, where every citizen must take part in person or through representatives. Every citizen is considered equal before the law and eligible for every public position (Graves). This declaration of the rights of man also offers for the protection of rights, where no one is to be arrested or imprisoned beyond the issues prescribed by law. The declaration also provides for non-disturbance by opinions such as religious viewpoints. The essential right of man as per this declaration is the freedom of expression.
Nevertheless, the revolutionary document of the Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen addresses the position of women in society. In this document, the daughters, mothers, sisters and all representatives of the nation aimed to become part of the national assembly. The significant differences in these Declarations are the incorporation of the rights of women, which was overly omitted in the Declaration of the rights of man. For instance, it is provided for in this declaration that a woman, like a man, is born free and deserves to live equal life as a man. It claims that their natural rights have to be protected. Another example is provided with the provision of the principle of sovereignty which rests on the nation. The nation is defined as the union between the man and woman, and that no single person has express authority over the country (Zweig).
Simon Bolivar led a significant revolution in Latin America against the Spanish. According to Bolivar, it was difficult to see a future where the fare of the New world was to establish political principles. Bolivar advocated for Americans deriving their rights from Europe and the need for them to emphasize these rights and freedoms against the natives' and defending themselves against intruders. Regardless of having beliefs of history, South Americans dedicated their time and efforts to have open-minded and ideal institutions. Bolivar's desire was to see the U.S. become a leading nation globally. The American states required the paternal governments to care for them and offer the needed guidance. The roles of the paternal governments were to heal the wounds and sores of war and despotism. Bolivar's revolution is the same as that of the August 1914 war during the 20th century. At this time, many Europeans believed that there had a higher purpose from the war. The higher goal was the renewed commitment towards their nations' greatness (Bolivar).
Bolivar, Simon. Selected Writings: 1810-1822. Bibliography (p.[xxxvi]-xxxviii). Vol. 1. Colonial Press, 1951.
Graves, Robert. "Goodbye to All That. 1929." New York: Anchor-Doubleday (1957).
Zweig, Stefan. The world of yesterday: An autobiography. Vol. 181. U of Nebraska Press, 1943.
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