The research problem for this study is to identify important administration challenges to successfully finalize traffic offenses and test the viability of appropriate interventions to address the issue. The insufficiency in knowledge management within organizations contributes to the inability to finalize cases involving traffic offences. The lack of knowledge sharing among organization has promoted the unsuccessful rates of finalizing the offences committed on the roads. Therefore, identifying and categorizing knowledge, identifying existing knowledge management systems, and sharing knowledge across organizations is going to enhance finalization of traffic offences.
Contributions of the Research
Through this study, i aim at establishing relevant interventions that can be used as standard regulations for effective compliance with road traffic laws. The regulations are to be in line with the other existing procedures and Acts of the constitution and can be used to complement these sections.
The Aim of the Research
The research aims at establishing the current administration problems that curb the effective finalization of traffic law infringements and thereby develop and test the appropriate measures that will address the existing problem in the country.
Justification for the Research
In the 2015/16 December festive season, the number of accidents increased by eleven percent from the preceding 2014/15 season. There were 1387 reported road accidents in that period as compared to 1253 car crashes in the last year. This situation has raised major concerns even with the transport ministry in the country. South Africa road crashes have been recorded as one of the highest in the African continent. The country has a road crash death rate of twenty-five persons per a population of one hundred thousand people. Traffic infringement cases are also not finalized as required by the criminal procedure act. The offenders need to be brought to book and the appropriate punishment adjudicated on them.
Many studies have been focusing on establishing the causes of the increased road accident cases. However, the study on compliance with the traffic laws in South Africa has not been addressed. The courts play a vital role in enforcing the traffic laws in the country but recent statistics show laxity within the court system. The efficiency of the court systems plays a major role in influencing the road users in complying with the traffic laws. The issuing authorities have continually been faced with administration problems due to the lack of knowledge management in their administration. Through this study, all these developing and dominant issues are to be effectively addressed. I am going to conduct a research that entails involvement of various organizations responsible for enforcing the traffic law compliance and then develop strategies to test for efficiency and adoption into the administration of traffic laws in the country.
I aim to develop strategies that address the research problem of the study as well as attain a doctoral degree. The action research framework, therefore, is the best approach for this study. Action research delivers the best results that satisfy the intended purposes. (McNiff 1993 p.7)Due to the occurrence of other possible results from the research, the participative research needs to be incorporated. I am going to involve experts in the field so as to deliver quality results and ensure that the results are more reliable and applicable. The participatory action research involves joint generation of knowledge and affiliating it with the real-work frame (Selener 1997 p.22). The combination of the approaches assures that both the experimental knowledge and the opinions of the participants remain in line with the goals of the research. The challenge of striking a balance between the two research approaches is bound to occur during the study but the overall aim of the study is going to act as the guide in such a case. The research is to be developed in a way that shows coexistence between the two established approaches. The collaboration is assured by the inter-organizational action learning cycles.
The Midvaal Local Municipality has the highest cases of traffic infringements in South Africa and will serve as the study locale. I am going to conduct separate meetings with the traffic chief and the municipal prosecutor in an effort to present to these authorities heads the research problem and acquires consensus and endorsement for the problem. After a joint approval from these heads, I will request them to assign two officials from each body who are directly associated with the administration of traffic law infringements. They are going to work with some members from the researcher’s organization to form an inter-organizational work group. The main goal of the work group is to investigate the possible challenges that hinder the finalization of traffic law infringements in the country and offer possible measures to counter this existing problem. The approval of the selected organizations will be established before the study officially begins.
The selected partakers are to be ascribed the contents of the agenda within the specified study schedule. The study is also going to rely on the observations from the participants and the periodic interpretations of court proceedings. After inaugurating the action groups, the expertise and level of experience of the individuals are to be identified and the conflict resolution procedures deliberated.
Sources of Data
Data sources for the research entail review and assessment of statutes overseeing the administration of traffic laws, in the country. Also, analysis of records within the three organizations namely the issuing authorities, the courts, and the private contractors are to be done. Additionally, observations and informal interviews are to be conducted. Through all these means, the data generated is going to be more valid to use for this study. The approach is referred as triangulation and is recommended when the researcher needs to enhance the validity of the study results.
The participants of the research are drawn using recruitment whereby, the chief prosecutor and the heads of the other two organizations, recommend persons who have the required expertise. These heads are also to provide any other required data such as statutory documents. The partakers are to be updated by the relevant heads about the study. A participant consent and information form is to be issued to ensure that they conform to the ethical concerns of the study. The process of recruitment begins a week after the approval of the ethics compliance forms.
I am going to use two methods to ensure that the data is presented systematically. Also, I will use a checklist to ensure data is recorded at the particular time it was collected. The two approaches are:
Hereby, i will use a computerized file to record data which is directly or indirectly connected to the study. Observations, analyses, field summaries, and comments are to form the bulk of this data. Managing the information systems involved in a study is crucial for efficiency of data generation (Irma 2001 p.32). Through this approach, I am to record the findings in a sequential manner and printing of the files will be easy.
The learning set method
Through this method, I am to use groups with members from different organizations involved in the study. There is going to be interaction that is guided by a governance structure that ensures organized engagement among the group members.
Privacy during Data Generation
The information derived from the research should be maintained by all the participants to avoid spilling of information to other parties. The study, however, is going to use sources that are open to everyone such as the criminal procedure acts and other crucial acts of the constitution. However, other sensitive information is to be maintained by the work groups through anonymity. For example, information sourced from the records of the involved organizations must remain relevant only for the purpose of the study.
Data analysis involves interpreting the results gathered from the research. The collected data is to be analysed and the results turned into actionable plans. The actions are then to be reviewed in a systemic manner and outlined at the concluding part of the research. The recorded discussions in the groups are also to be transcribed by the participants and their reviews included in the analysis. The data is then to be check-listed for any repetitions that may have occurred. The procedure that is most efficient in such cases is the checklist matrix (Hignett 2003 p.885). The original reports are also to be retained for cross-referencing.
The research entails literature review section, which carries the bulk of the thesis. All the relevant researches, acts of the constitutional and other relevant details are elaborated in this chapter. The succeeding chapter entails the proposed methodology of the thesis. In this chapter, the method of data collection, the research design, data generation and the method of data analysis are depicted in detail. In the fourth chapter of the research, data analysis and the findings of the research are recorded. I am going to present the discussions of these results. The last chapter of the study entails the conclusions and the recommendations drawn by the researcher.
The following are terms that will be used in the research:
AARTO Act- Administration Adjudication of Road Traffic Offences
Infringement- Breaking the terms of a statute or law
Infringer- one who has committed the act of a traffic infringement
CPA- Criminal Procedure Act
IRTAD- International Traffic Management Data
Issuing authority- Relevant organizations which are given mandate in road traffic law compliance
Delimitations of the Scope and key Assumptions of the Study
The research problem is limited to finding the viable solutions that will address the problem of traffic law compliance. The study draws the recommendations for addressing the issue which has become prevalent in South Africa. The insufficiency of organizational knowledge management can be attributed cause of the problem. There are also poor knowledge-sharing measures between the relevant authorities that are mandated to oversee compliance and enforcement of traffic laws. The study has also focused more on Midvaal Municipality rather than major on the national perspective. This delimitation, however, produces more reliable results. The relevant units of analysis for the research include a chosen issuing authority, the private contracting company, and the prosecution’s authority.
My main is to deliver standard regulations that can be used to address the prevailing issue of non-compliance with traffic laws. The country needs to take a step in enforcing the traffic laws. The involved organizations that are the private contractors, the issuing authorities, and the courts should be inclined to enforce the existing traffic laws. The road traffic carnages have increased over the last two decades in South Africa despite the country experiencing increased developments. It is my belief that the study’s recommendations will be used as viable means that can be applied in line with other existing statutes and traffic laws. It is through traffic compliance by both pedestrians and motor users that the road accidents in the country can be reduced.
Dixon, N.M., 2000. Common knowledge: How companies thrive by sharing what they know. Harvard Business School Press.
Hignett, S., 2003. Hospital ergonomics: a qualitative study to explore the organizational and cultural factors. Ergonomics, 46(9), pp.882-903.
Gerrie Botha., 2007. AARTO: Road users Rights and Obligations pp. 168-179 Retrieved from:
Irma Becerra-Fernandez, R.S., 2001. Organizational knowledge management: A contingency perspective. Journal of management information systems, 18(1), pp.23-55.
McNiff, J., 1993. Teaching as learning: An action research approach. Taylor & Francis US.
Selener, D., 1997. Participatory action research and social change (No. Ed. 2). The CornellParticipatory Action Research Network, Cornell University.
The road traffic management corporation annual report Retrieved from: http://www.rtmc.co.za/images/docs/Calender/Calendar2014/Calendar2014.pdf
The National Road traffic act 93 of 1996 retrieved from: http://www.saflii.org/za/legis/consol_reg/nrta93o1996rangnr225632.pdf
The South African National Roads Agency ltd report Retrieved from: https://arrivealive.co.za/The-South-African-National-Roads-Agency-LTD
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