Copyright Releases

Published: 2019-11-20 08:30:00
1659 words
6 pages
14 min to read
letter-mark
B
letter
University/College: 
Type of paper: 
This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

The undersigned author transfers all copyright ownership of the manuscript, Randomized Comparison Between Camera Sensors on the Perception of Smile Aesthetics: A Web Survey to The Angle of Orthodontist in the event the work is published. The undersigned author warrants that the article is original, is not under consideration for publication by another journal and has not been previously published. I sign for and accept responsibility for releasing this material on behalf of any and all coauthors

Patient Releases

I hereby grant all rights to publish photographs or other images of me in the above manuscript where I appear as a patient or subject without payment of any kind. I have been informed that any images of me that do appear may be modified.

Randomized Comparison Between Camera Sensors on the Perception of Smile Aesthetics: A Web Survey

ABSTRACTObjective

To assess the effect of different digital camera sensor sizes on the perception of smile beauty and compare the perception of different dental specialties and laypeople from different regions.

Methods

In the first step, 3 digital sensors; full-frame 20.20 megapixels, half-frame 18.00 megapixels and crop sensor 12.20 megapixels captured 49 smile photographs, taken at the second and third Xiangya Hospitals. An international panel of 10 judges; 4 orthodontists, 4 prosthodontists, 2 general dentists evaluated smile photographs. The panel rated the similarity of the same smile across the three cameras and beauty for each smile. In the second step, 6 smiles with the highest rating were selected to be included in a web-based survey. Sensor type was blinded and each smile presented in a single page with 5 points Likert scale for rating, the survey also included questions of demographics. The data collected was analyzed statistically.

Results

A total of 785 entries were received, 739 entries remain after screening and omitting careless response data. One way repeated ANOVA shows the difference between mean scores for the three cameras is significant (p<0.001). The mean scores for orthodontists, general dentists, dental assistants and dental consultants were not significant (p>0.05). However, prosthodontists, dental technicians, and laypeople mean scores were significant (p<0.05). The mean scores from Middle East region was significantly lower compared to mean scores from Greater China region (p<0.001). In the Laypeople group, female mean scores were significantly higher compared to males mean scores (p<0.05). Education level and income level factors were however not significant (p>0.05).

Conclusion

Sensor size has an effect on perception of smile beauty, hence, a larger sensor is recommended for dentists when esthetic factor is in mind.

Dentists of dissimilar specializations such as the prosthodontics, orthodontics, and general dentist) might have different immanent opinions regarding the beauty smile. Region and gender affects the perception of smiles esthetic for the laypeople.

Keywords:

Digital photography; smile beauty; digital sensors; web survey.

Classification: R783.5.IntroductionFacial attractiveness plays an important role in interpersonal connections; this has led to the increasing number of patients seeking assistance of dentists for esthetic reasons. While more patients seek dental clinic for aesthetic reasons, it is the dentists job to attend to patients needs and expectations. Since the invention of the modern camera, the rapid technological advancement and wide use of the internet, the use of the camera in dental clinic became more and more important. Dental Photography becomes more than just a diagnostic and legal tool. Images become a necessary tool for treatment planning, publication and teaching, demonstration and promotion. The camera is an important part of an orthodontists clinic and the proper selection of camera and camera equipment is as equally important.

Photography in dentistryAt the beginning of the first century, Dr. Edward Angle, one of several men credited for being the father of orthodontics, was the first known to photograph his patients as part of his diagnostic workup. Dr. Edward Angle used photography for diagnosis, treatment planning, and patient documentation. Since then orthodontists and other dental specialists started incorporating photography into their daily dental practice.

Today, it is a standard practice to take facial and intraoral photographs of patients as part of initial diagnostic records and at the conclusion of orthodontic treatment in orthodontics. Several textbooks for dentistry have discussed the importance of photography in diagnosis and documentation, furthermore, there are textbooks devoted entirely to dental photography.

One of the main purposes of dental photography is documentation. This means that a maximum of information has to be captured by camera under reproducible circumstances. The American Board of Orthodontics and the Institute of medical illustration in England set standardized guidelines for photography in orthodontics.PEVuZE5vdGU+PENpdGU+PEF1dGhvcj5CZW5nZWw8L0F1dGhvcj48WWVhcj4xOTg1PC9ZZWFyPjxS

ZWNOdW0+NTMzPC9SZWNOdW0+PERpc3BsYXlUZXh0PjxzdHlsZSBmYWNlPSJzdXBlcnNjcmlwdCI+

WzE1LTE3XTwvc3R5bGU+PC9EaXNwbGF5VGV4dD48cmVjb3JkPjxyZWMtbnVtYmVyPjUzMzwvcmVj

LW51bWJlcj48Zm9yZWlnbi1rZXlzPjxrZXkgYXBwPSJFTiIgZGItaWQ9IjByZXZmZjU5OXh3cHNk

ZWFwZXpwcndld3JlZnhkNWRmcjU1ZSIgdGltZXN0YW1wPSIxNDYyNzA2NTU2Ij41MzM8L2tleT48

L2ZvcmVpZ24ta2V5cz48cmVmLXR5cGUgbmFtZT0iSm91cm5hbCBBcnRpY2xlIj4xNzwvcmVmLXR5

cGU+PGNvbnRyaWJ1dG9ycz48YXV0aG9ycz48YXV0aG9yPkJlbmdlbCwgVy48L2F1dGhvcj48L2F1

dGhvcnM+PC9jb250cmlidXRvcnM+PHRpdGxlcz48dGl0bGU+U3RhbmRhcmRpemF0aW9uIGluIGRl

bnRhbCBwaG90b2dyYXBoeTwvdGl0bGU+PHNlY29uZGFyeS10aXRsZT5JbnQgRGVudCBKPC9zZWNv

bmRhcnktdGl0bGU+PGFsdC10aXRsZT5JbnRlcm5hdGlvbmFsIGRlbnRhbCBqb3VybmFsPC9hbHQt

dGl0bGU+PC90aXRsZXM+PHBlcmlvZGljYWw+PGZ1bGwtdGl0bGU+SW50IERlbnQgSjwvZnVsbC10

aXRsZT48YWJici0xPkludGVybmF0aW9uYWwgZGVudGFsIGpvdXJuYWw8L2FiYnItMT48L3Blcmlv

ZGljYWw+PGFsdC1wZXJpb2RpY2FsPjxmdWxsLXRpdGxlPkludCBEZW50IEo8L2Z1bGwtdGl0bGU+

PGFiYnItMT5JbnRlcm5hdGlvbmFsIGRlbnRhbCBqb3VybmFsPC9hYmJyLTE+PC9hbHQtcGVyaW9k

aWNhbD48cGFnZXM+MjEwLTIxNzwvcGFnZXM+PHZvbHVtZT4zNTwvdm9sdW1lPjxudW1iZXI+Mzwv

bnVtYmVyPjxlZGl0aW9uPjE5ODUvMDkvMDE8L2VkaXRpb24+PGtleXdvcmRzPjxrZXl3b3JkPipE

ZW50aXN0cnk8L2tleXdvcmQ+PGtleXdvcmQ+RXF1aXBtZW50IERlc2lnbjwva2V5d29yZD48a2V5

d29yZD5GYWNlL2FuYXRvbXkgJmFtcDsgaGlzdG9sb2d5PC9rZXl3b3JkPjxrZXl3b3JkPkhlYWQv

YW5hdG9teSAmYW1wOyBoaXN0b2xvZ3k8L2tleXdvcmQ+PGtleXdvcmQ+SHVtYW5zPC9rZXl3b3Jk

PjxrZXl3b3JkPkphdy9hbmF0b215ICZhbXA7IGhpc3RvbG9neTwva2V5d29yZD48a2V5d29yZD5M

aWdodGluZzwva2V5d29yZD48a2V5d29yZD5QaG90b2dyYXBoeS9pbnN0cnVtZW50YXRpb24vbWV0

aG9kcy8qc3RhbmRhcmRzPC9rZXl3b3JkPjxrZXl3b3JkPlBvc3R1cmU8L2tleXdvcmQ+PC9rZXl3

b3Jkcz48ZGF0ZXM+PHllYXI+MTk4NTwveWVhcj48cHViLWRhdGVzPjxkYXRlPlNlcDwvZGF0ZT48

L3B1Yi1kYXRlcz48L2RhdGVzPjxpc2JuPjAwMjAtNjUzOSAoUHJpbnQpJiN4RDswMDIwLTY1Mzk8

L2lzYm4+PGFjY2Vzc2lvbi1udW0+Mzg2Mzc5OTwvYWNjZXNzaW9uLW51bT48dXJscz48L3VybHM+

PHJlbW90ZS1kYXRhYmFzZS1wcm92aWRlcj5OTE08L3JlbW90ZS1kYXRhYmFzZS1wcm92aWRlcj48

bGFuZ3VhZ2U+ZW5nPC9sYW5ndWFnZT48L3JlY29yZD48L0NpdGU+PENpdGU+PEF1dGhvcj5FdmFu

cyBTPC9BdXRob3I+PFllYXI+MjAwODwvWWVhcj48UmVjTnVtPjI2MjwvUmVjTnVtPjxyZWNvcmQ+

PHJlYy1udW1iZXI+MjYyPC9yZWMtbnVtYmVyPjxmb3JlaWduLWtleXM+PGtleSBhcHA9IkVOIiBk

Yi1pZD0iMHJldmZmNTk5eHdwc2RlYXBlenByd2V3cmVmeGQ1ZGZyNTVlIiB0aW1lc3RhbXA9IjE0

NDk1NzgxNDUiPjI2Mjwva2V5PjxrZXkgYXBwPSJFTldlYiIgZGItaWQ9IiI+MDwva2V5PjwvZm9y

ZWlnbi1rZXlzPjxyZWYtdHlwZSBuYW1lPSJXZWIgUGFnZSI+MTI8L3JlZi10eXBlPjxjb250cmli

dXRvcnM+PGF1dGhvcnM+PGF1dGhvcj5FdmFucyBTLCBFbmdsYW5kIFAsIGV0IGFsPC9hdXRob3I+

PC9hdXRob3JzPjxzZWNvbmRhcnktYXV0aG9ycz48YXV0aG9yPkluc3RpdHV0ZSBvZiBNZWRpY2Fs

IElsbHVzdHJhdG9yczwvYXV0aG9yPjwvc2Vjb25kYXJ5LWF1dGhvcnM+PC9jb250cmlidXRvcnM+

PHRpdGxlcz48dGl0bGU+SU1JIE5hdGlvbmFsIEd1aWRlbGluZXMuIE9ydGhvZG9udGljIFBob3Rv

Z3JhcGh5PC90aXRsZT48L3RpdGxlcz48ZGF0ZXM+PHllYXI+MjAwODwveWVhcj48L2RhdGVzPjxw

dWItbG9jYXRpb24+SU1JIFVLPC9wdWItbG9jYXRpb24+PHVybHM+PHJlbGF0ZWQtdXJscz48dXJs

Pnd3dy5pbWkub3JnLnVrL2ZpbGUvZG93bmxvYWQvMjE1Mi9JTUlOYXRHdWlkZWxpbmVzT3J0PC91

cmw+PC9yZWxhdGVkLXVybHM+PC91cmxzPjxjdXN0b20xPjIwMTY8L2N1c3RvbTE+PC9yZWNvcmQ+

PC9DaXRlPjxDaXRlPjxBdXRob3I+T3J0aG9kb250aWNzPC9BdXRob3I+PFllYXI+MjAwOTwvWWVh

cj48UmVjTnVtPjI2MTwvUmVjTnVtPjxyZWNvcmQ+PHJlYy1udW1iZXI+MjYxPC9yZWMtbnVtYmVy

Pjxmb3JlaWduLWtleXM+PGtleSBhcHA9IkVOIiBkYi1pZD0iMHJldmZmNTk5eHdwc2RlYXBlenBy

d2V3cmVmeGQ1ZGZyNTVlIiB0aW1lc3RhbXA9IjE0NDk1NTk0MTAiPjI2MTwva2V5PjwvZm9yZWln

bi1rZXlzPjxyZWYtdHlwZSBuYW1lPSJXZWIgUGFnZSI+MTI8L3JlZi10eXBlPjxjb250cmlidXRv

cnM+PGF1dGhvcnM+PGF1dGhvcj5BbWVyaWNhbiBCb2FyZCBvZiBPcnRob2RvbnRpY3M8L2F1dGhv

cj48L2F1dGhvcnM+PC9jb250cmlidXRvcnM+PHRpdGxlcz48dGl0bGU+UGhvdG9ncmFwaCBSZXF1

aXJlbWVudHM8L3RpdGxlPjxzZWNvbmRhcnktdGl0bGU+Q2FzZSBSZWNvcmQgUHJlcGFyYXRpb248

L3NlY29uZGFyeS10aXRsZT48L3RpdGxlcz48ZGF0ZXM+PHllYXI+MjAwOTwveWVhcj48L2RhdGVz

PjxwdWItbG9jYXRpb24+QUJPIFVTQTwvcHViLWxvY2F0aW9uPjxwdWJsaXNoZXI+QW1lcmljYW4g

Qm9hcmQgb2YgT3J0aG9kb250aWNzPC9wdWJsaXNoZXI+PHVybHM+PHJlbGF0ZWQtdXJscz48dXJs

Pmh0dHBzOi8vd3d3LmFtZXJpY2FuYm9hcmRvcnRoby5jb20vb3J0aG9kb250aWMtcHJvZmVzc2lv

bmFscy9hYm91dC1ib2FyZC1jZXJ0aWZpY2F0aW9uL2NsaW5pY2FsLWV4YW1pbmF0aW9uL2Nhc2Ut

cmVjb3JkLXByZXBhcmF0aW9uL3Bob3RvZ3JhcGgtcmVxdWlyZW1lbnRzLzwvdXJsPjwvcmVsYXRl

ZC11cmxzPjwvdXJscz48Y3VzdG9tMT4yMDE2PC9jdXN0b20xPjwvcmVjb3JkPjwvQ2l0ZT48L0Vu

ZE5vdGU+AG==

ADDIN EN.CITE PEVuZE5vdGU+PENpdGU+PEF1dGhvcj5CZW5nZWw8L0F1dGhvcj48WWVhcj4xOTg1PC9ZZWFyPjxS

ZWNOdW0+NTMzPC9SZWNOdW0+PERpc3BsYXlUZXh0PjxzdHlsZSBmYWNlPSJzdXBlcnNjcmlwdCI+

WzE1LTE3XTwvc3R5bGU+PC9EaXNwbGF5VGV4dD48cmVjb3JkPjxyZWMtbnVtYmVyPjUzMzwvcmVj

LW51bWJlcj48Zm9yZWlnbi1rZXlzPjxrZXkgYXBwPSJFTiIgZGItaWQ9IjByZXZmZjU5OXh3cHNk

ZWFwZXpwcndld3JlZnhkNWRmcjU1ZSIgdGltZXN0YW1wPSIxNDYyNzA2NTU2Ij41MzM8L2tleT48

L2ZvcmVpZ24ta2V5cz48cmVmLXR5cGUgbmFtZT0iSm91cm5hbCBBcnRpY2xlIj4xNzwvcmVmLXR5

cGU+PGNvbnRyaWJ1dG9ycz48YXV0aG9ycz48YXV0aG9yPkJlbmdlbCwgVy48L2F1dGhvcj48L2F1

dGhvcnM+PC9jb250cmlidXRvcnM+PHRpdGxlcz48dGl0bGU+U3RhbmRhcmRpemF0aW9uIGluIGRl

bnRhbCBwaG90b2dyYXBoeTwvdGl0bGU+PHNlY29uZGFyeS10aXRsZT5JbnQgRGVudCBKPC9zZWNv

bmRhcnktdGl0bGU+PGFsdC10aXRsZT5JbnRlcm5hdGlvbmFsIGRlbnRhbCBqb3VybmFsPC9hbHQt

dGl0bGU+PC90aXRsZXM+PHBlcmlvZGljYWw+PGZ1bGwtdGl0bGU+SW50IERlbnQgSjwvZnVsbC10

aXRsZT48YWJici0xPkludGVybmF0aW9uYWwgZGVudGFsIGpvdXJuYWw8L2FiYnItMT48L3Blcmlv

ZGljYWw+PGFsdC1wZXJpb2RpY2FsPjxmdWxsLXRpdGxlPkludCBEZW50IEo8L2Z1bGwtdGl0bGU+

PGFiYnItMT5JbnRlcm5hdGlvbmFsIGRlbnRhbCBqb3VybmFsPC9hYmJyLTE+PC9hbHQtcGVyaW9k

aWNhbD48cGFnZXM+MjEwLTIxNzwvcGFnZXM+PHZvbHVtZT4zNTwvdm9sdW1lPjxudW1iZXI+Mzwv

bnVtYmVyPjxlZGl0aW9uPjE5ODUvMDkvMDE8L2VkaXRpb24+PGtleXdvcmRzPjxrZXl3b3JkPipE

ZW50aXN0cnk8L2tleXdvcmQ+PGtleXdvcmQ+RXF1aXBtZW50IERlc2lnbjwva2V5d29yZD48a2V5

d29yZD5GYWNlL2FuYXRvbXkgJmFtcDsgaGlzdG9sb2d5PC9rZXl3b3JkPjxrZXl3b3JkPkhlYWQv

YW5hdG9teSAmYW1wOyBoaXN0b2xvZ3k8L2tleXdvcmQ+PGtleXdvcmQ+SHVtYW5zPC9rZXl3b3Jk

PjxrZXl3b3JkPkphdy9hbmF0b215ICZhbXA7IGhpc3RvbG9neTwva2V5d29yZD48a2V5d29yZD5M

aWdodGluZzwva2V5d29yZD48a2V5d29yZD5QaG90b2dyYXBoeS9pbnN0cnVtZW50YXRpb24vbWV0

aG9kcy8qc3RhbmRhcmRzPC9rZXl3b3JkPjxrZXl3b3JkPlBvc3R1cmU8L2tleXdvcmQ+PC9rZXl3

b3Jkcz48ZGF0ZXM+PHllYXI+MTk4NTwveWVhcj48cHViLWRhdGVzPjxkYXRlPlNlcDwvZGF0ZT48

L3B1Yi1kYXRlcz48L2RhdGVzPjxpc2JuPjAwMjAtNjUzOSAoUHJpbnQpJiN4RDswMDIwLTY1Mzk8

L2lzYm4+PGFjY2Vzc2lvbi1udW0+Mzg2Mzc5OTwvYWNjZXNzaW9uLW51bT48dXJscz48L3VybHM+

PHJlbW90ZS1kYXRhYmFzZS1wcm92aWRlcj5OTE08L3JlbW90ZS1kYXRhYmFzZS1wcm92aWRlcj48

bGFuZ3VhZ2U+ZW5nPC9sYW5ndWFnZT48L3JlY29yZD48L0NpdGU+PENpdGU+PEF1dGhvcj5FdmFu

cyBTPC9BdXRob3I+PFllYXI+MjAwODwvWWVhcj48UmVjTnVtPjI2MjwvUmVjTnVtPjxyZWNvcmQ+

PHJlYy1udW1iZXI+MjYyPC9yZWMtbnVtYmVyPjxmb3JlaWduLWtleXM+PGtleSBhcHA9IkVOIiBk

Yi1pZD0iMHJldmZmNTk5eHdwc2RlYXBlenByd2V3cmVmeGQ1ZGZyNTVlIiB0aW1lc3RhbXA9IjE0

NDk1NzgxNDUiPjI2Mjwva2V5PjxrZXkgYXBwPSJFTldlYiIgZGItaWQ9IiI+MDwva2V5PjwvZm9y

ZWlnbi1rZXlzPjxyZWYtdHlwZSBuYW1lPSJXZWIgUGFnZSI+MTI8L3JlZi10eXBlPjxjb250cmli

dXRvcnM+PGF1dGhvcnM+PGF1dGhvcj5FdmFucyBTLCBFbmdsYW5kIFAsIGV0IGFs...

sheldon

Request Removal

If you are the original author of this essay and no longer wish to have it published on the SpeedyPaper website, please click below to request its removal: