Who Killed Fred Hampton? Free Essay in American History

Published: 2022-03-24
Who Killed Fred Hampton? Free Essay in American History
Type of paper:  Essay
Categories:  American history Civil rights
Pages: 6
Wordcount: 1539 words
13 min read

The most likely reason why Fred Hampton was killed is that he was the head of the revolution set known as the Black Panther Party. Conferring to the (Liberation news, 2018), the venture COINTELPRO, an abbreviation for counterintelligence program was formed in the mid-1950s to discourage the expansion of any organization thought of as a risk to the current community, trade and industry, and government mandate. It stayed top-secret up until 1971, when anti-suppression advocate unraveled into an FBI ground agency in the broadcasting, Pa., and removed the files disclosing the concealed set-up. Moreover, the political privileges agenda progressed, roused power from all regions of the populace, convincing the U.S assembly to permit other advancing legislatures. The FBI gradually revolved its interest to the black liberty strive. Further, the malicious commentaries in contradiction of the Panthers in the commercial possessed the broadcasting, united with Hoover's numerous uttered assaults, and replicated requests of the presiding group who pursued the absolute demolition of the Black Panther party and the principles it expressed. The interior FBI's letters indicate that the regime had an exceptional concern in Hampton's partisan undertakings and his links. The FBI invigorated the Chicago police force to obtain a way to confine Hampton. Moreover, in an organized exertion by the Illinois State Attorney's bureau, the Chicago Police Department, and the FBI, a profoundly equipped physical attack began on the early morning hours on Fred Hampton's house, and the police department killed Fred Hampton and Mark Clerk.

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Fred Hampton was born in Chicago in August.30, 1948. His paternities came from Hayneville, LA., in a state where there were many community prejudices. Hampton's great-grandparents had labored on a farm in that state in the terrors of captivity. He joined Proviso East High School in Maywood, an enormous metropolitan resource with twenty-four hundred scholars, and almost one-fourth of the learners were black. Hampton valued athletic and engaged on the football, basketball, and wrestling squads. In his beginner years, Fred was an analysis of diplomatic biographers comprising of Marcus Garvey, Malcolm X, and W.E.B. DuBois. In 1965, Hampton commenced the west residential youth episode of the NAACP, which represented a list of complaints. Williams offered the accusations to the NAACP Panel, which swore to fund the youth chapter. Under the Hampton's guidance, black societies on Maywood hastened the drive for a communal swimming pool and a leisure hub. Hampton had good speaking skills that enabled him to address masses, while he was just sixteen years old (Haas, 2010). Of equal importance, In November 1968, at the age of 20, Hampton initiated the Illinois chapter of the Black Panther Party (BPP). Moreover, he shortly turned out to be one of the best Panther spearheads in the state, owing to his headship and communication expertise, as well as his absolute dedication to the foundation. Fred Hampton's oratory was innovative, uncouth and outrageous at times, but his activities were virtually the contradictory. Many personalities who recognized him, both black and white, regarded him to a smart man, and a good-humored man. Hampton assisted in mitigating the Panther's impression as a rebellious cluster by establishing an open mealtime system for the children in Chicago (Bouman, 2017).

Equally important, one of the goals and ambitions of the revolutionary group was self-defense. The Black Panthers adopted to secure their legitimate entitlement to hold weapons and to execute Malcolm's viewpoint of self-protection by watching the police force. They implemented this philosophy at a period when acute police viciousness was usual-the constabularies would knock down and execute the blacks in an unplanned manner. They would hire the police force as of the racialist south to appear and labor in the northern ghettos.

Furthermore, person's agenda was significant in the Panther 'scheme. Firstly, they revealed that politics was appropriate to public livelihood- to provide for the starving child by giving out food, outfits, and therapeutic caution. The Panthers were concerned with the person's welfare. Secondly, it proved what could be achieved when the people are organized; the courses attained an enormous contract with inadequate funds, besides it outstretched in the personal thoughts. On how much more it can be realized if they had the wealth presented to the regime and the organizations. Besides, the initial schedule that the Panther planned was the free lunch for the children program. The set would move out and obtain the assistance of food from businesspersons. Any warehouse that denied offering a small contribution would be embargoed, and brochures were made and dispersed to the public revealing the banned companies. The agenda used to take place in a religious public room. The coalition affiliates would have to labor intensely, beginning the job at 6 a.m. daily. They would arrange mealtime, supply the children with the food, chant some tunes with them, and then, after the children were gone, they would have to tidy the dining halls and go out to gather requirements for the following day. The Black Panthers was one of the unique group that apprehended the entire foundation of the American civilization had to be changed, and this move offered them a radical point of view (Socialist Alternative, 2018).

The FBI and the Chicago police force according to (The Guardian, 2008) murdered Hampton. In August 1967, after the leader termed the U.S regime the "extreme spreader of cruelty in the world today," the Black Panther Party matched, armed into the California state capitol and on to the front pages of newspaper worldwide. The organization made the head of America domestic law enforcement agency, and the federal Bureau of investigations J. Edgar Hoover to issue a directive.

In this order, he mentioned that the purpose of this new counterintelligence attempt is to uncover, dislocate, disgrace or otherwise deactivate the undertakings of Black Nationalist, detest-kind of societies and alliances, their headships, spokespersons, connection, and followers. The forerunner of the Panthers' Chicago chapter, Fred Hampton, was murdered by the Chicago police after they invaded his home at 4.45 the morning of December 4, 1969, the crime squad fired up a hundred circles into the construction most focused to Hampton's bedroom. Furthermore, Hampton's private guard William O'Neal had depicted a ground design of the house for the agency. An FBI representative wrote to Hoover stating that, a significant special sum was to be paid to O'Neal that is after the murder of Fred Hampton. Equally important, the FBI retained its involvement spotless when enacting filthy actions. In southern California, Ron Karenga was contending for influence in the Black Panther Party, and whose coalition Bunchy Carter led. Underneath the caption "tangible consequences," one of the FBI's documents affirms that the murders, whippings and a high-level of disorder continue to triumph into the ghetto zone of southeast San Diego. Further, the memorandum stretches on to suggest a further act of the latest murders of the BPP enthusiast Sylvester Bell, confirming that they will support in the extension of the gap between BPP and the U.S. On January 17, 1969, Bunchy Carter and a different Panther were executed (The Guardian, 2008).

The main reason why Fred Hampton was killed is that the FBI deemed the program as intimidation to the country's safety. Of equal importance, Hoover disapproved any black revolution, in this case, the Panthers movement was expanding rapidly until the FBI general released another decree that was to avert the growth of a "Messiah," who would unite and captivate the combative Black Nationalist association. Moreover, The FBI's saw an escalatin union within the blacks, which had to be ceased. The FBI's COINTELPRO had commendably deactivated the alliance between the Panthers and the student's diplomatic organizing commission initiated by Hoover's distrust of Africans Americans, but the Panthers were attaining admiration in the black union through the nation. Hoover desired to cancel out the Black Panther movement, the Black Liberation Army, the united slaves and additional black associations that were intolerable to him, by applying all means to stop the parties. Further, Hoover contacted several FBI ground agencies in the capitals with rising Panther groups indicating that a severe battle was evolving among the Panthers and the United Slaves association. Hoover recorded that the unions had attained such extents in that it was taking on the Impression of mob struggle with the extortions of manslaughter. Moreover, the FBI boss was against the open breakfast for children procedure, which was offering free health precaution for ghetto dwellers. Hoover goes to the extent of scolding an FBI agent, for stating that the department beneath the CIP should not strike the agenda of the public benefits such as the BPP 'mealtime for children plan (Swearingen, 1995).


Bouman, S. (2017). "Fear by fear: The FBI's crusade against Fred Hampton and the Black Panthers," placed sixth in the nation at National History day in 2003. www.chicago history.org/wp-content/up-loads/2017/12/4-Hampton_NHD_paper.pdf.

Haas, J. (2010). The assassination of Fred Hampton. Retrieved from https://archieve.org.../%5BJeffrey_Haas%5D_the_assassination_of_fred_hampton.

Liberation News. (2018). Fred Hampton remembered. Retrieved from https://www.liberationnews.org/09-12-04-fred-hampton-remembred-html/

Socialist Alternative. (2018). The Back Panther Party for self-defense. https://www.socialistalternative.org/panther-black-rebellion/the-black-rebellion/the-black-panther-panther-partyfor self-defense/.

Swearingen,M, Wesley. (1995).FBI Secrets an agent's exposed. South end press. Boston, MA.

The Guardian. (2008). Preventing the rise of a "Messiah." Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2008/apr/04/preventing the rise of a messiah.

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