|Type of paper:||Business plan|
|Categories:||Software Sales Cyber security|
The portfolio project necessitated of three milestones to be completed. In the previous milestones; milestones 1 and 2 I covered at length the organization proposal and business model, Supply Chain Management (SCM), and Customer Relationship Management (CRM) respectively of Walgreens Company. As mentioned earlier, Walgreen Company is an American-based pharmacy company that specializes in health and wellness products, photo services, filling prescriptions, and health information. In this milestone- milestone 3, I will discuss in depth Walgreen's E-commerce activities, Database systems, security policies, Customer privacy protection.
E-commerce involves the selling and buying of products over the internet or on online services. The internet services companies in the US CKS/US Web helped Walgreens to establish an e-commerce strategy. According to Keenan, (2013), Walgreens E-commerce adoption though taking shape, the transitioning was a slow process. To maintain the competitive advantage with its competitors in the pharmacy industry as well as maintaining relevance to the targeted market size, Walgreen had to evolve its store from the drugstore chain to conducting its services online. In 2013, during Chicago Shop. Org Annual Summit, Greg Wasson, the CEO and President of Walgreens detailed at length that Walgreen Company is adopting digitalization throughout the organization from an e-commerce site to m-commerce to all Walgreens retail stores.
The three major prioritized areas identified by Walgreen for the in-progress digital transformation included; creation of a global platform that is unprecedented, the establishment of a wellness experience and the changing of the community traditional pharmacy. Moreover, finding well established and best corners for its stores (brick-and-mortar) was another strategic management actively involved in the digital transformation. Even though finding efficient and effective corners for its brick-and-mortar stores remains Walgreens objectified goal, advancing innovation in the digital sector is one of the added overarching planned goal (Keenan, 2013).
Following the 2009 increase of the new opening stores from 8%-to-9% over succeeding years to the rise from 2%-to- 3% it consequently allowed Walgreens to prioritize digital innovation because of the bandwidth, freed up capital and available resources. For the creation of the global platform, Walgreens formed a strategic alliance with Alliance Boots and AmerisourceBergen pharmaceuticals Drug Company based in the UK and US respectively. By the year 2011, Walgreens had control over around five sites of e-commerce including Walgreens. Com, VisionDirect.Com, drugstore.com, Duane Reade. Com and Beauty.com. With Drugstore.com, Walgreens acquired an opportunity to obtain prepared e-commerce professionals, gain SKUs of around 60,000 and also attained an extensive network of distribution. With more than 8,000 centers of distribution across the country, Walgreens had the capabilities to pull off delivery on the same day for various online purchases. For a successful startup in the digitization sector, Walgreens focused on the wellness of the customers as well as In-store digital integration.
Walgreens Company utilized Mobile Commerce (M-commerce) as a mode of conducting its E-commerce activities. Mobile commerce is amongst the different types of e-commerce. It involves the selling and buying services and goods via handheld wireless devices for example PDAs (Personal Digital Assistant) and cellular telephone. It is termed as the next-gen e-commerce. M-commerce facilitates faster purchases, direct connectivity to customers, better and compelling customer experience, tailored content, more in-depth analytics, productivity increase and cost reduction and also geo-location. In Walgreen, the faster proliferation in their revenues is due to the liking of mobile channels and web for potentiality (ThinkMobiles, n.d).
A database is accumulative of related-base data. Data, on the other hand, is the collection of figures and facts that through processing it consequently produces information. Database system stores data thus facilitating easy data retrieval, manipulation and provide information (database management system). In general, a database system in an organization helps in storage of data, modification of the existing data, data retrieval and in analyzing and assessing of the stored data to retrieve essential patterns and information based on specific scenarios. Below is a sample illustration of a DBMS.
Some of the certain situations in an organization irrespective of its size, huge IT budgets or its technical workforce is software disasters. In 2014, Walgreen suffered a database failure that impacted to fill prescriptions inability by most of the Walgreens stores (8,200) for a couple of hours. According to Michael Polzin, the Company spokesman, the database failure was hinted to be caused during the updating of the company database that went amiss hence necessitating the shutdown of the entire system. One of the main risks of the incident was the risk of delivery approach that is continuously associated with regular updates of the running software's mainly if the transitioning of database schema was involved in the release. A stream of questions of what could have been done differently? Could the failure be avoided? And also could they adopt the older version faster?
Database failure causes distinct severe impacts on an organization - for example, the crash of one of the most massive Oracle-based warehouse globally in the global database of state department's that focuses on travel documents issuing effected to substantial delays for probably more than a million people waiting for visas and passports. For Walgreen, the database failure made its consumers unable to fill their prescription. The ordered prescriptions were queued and processed during the outage as the Walgreens systems were being restored. Some consumer patients had to wait longer for some particular functionalities in the pharmacy system to be restored (Riley, 2014).
Some organizational ways to prevent database failure during updates according to devops includes: continuous and frequent assessment of the database system to detect any vulnerabilities for example loading database issues, slow response, unpredictable spikes of performance and locking issues on time and deal with them before leading to crashing, risk management planning in case of a crash occurrence. Automatic performance of crash recovery to restore the database among others. For better deployability of the database system, the following are some of the approaches to be taken into account: conducting performance tuning. Use of a well-designed database system to minimize database complexity and facilitate easy-to-use and learn to its users; carrying out database archiving to improve and decrease the size of the database. Also the creation of a lab and dividing the database system into different parts using patterns like command Query Responsibility Segregation and event sourcing to help in several data storage and design.
Security policy is defined as the organization approaches to successful running a secured system. Information security policy includes specific organization planned strategies to make sure all Information Technology (IT) users within the domain of the organization or network act following guidelines and rules relative to information system security digitally stored and implemented within the authority boundaries of the organization. The policy privacy prioritized in Walgreens Company is mainly online privacy.
One of the implemented security measure in Walgreens Company is the adoption of tripwire. Tripwire gives the company integration of its IT ecosystem. As seen above, Walgreen is associated with in-store sales, online and filling prescription processing based on consumers' needs thus an effective security solution is necessitated-Tripwire. Tripwire implementation gave the company a more proactive approach and viewed to its security situations. Walgreen uses tripwire to protect its retail infrastructure and customer information. The primary element for the implementation of Tripwire at Walgreens enterprise was to improve PCI and SOX compliance across the Walgreen infrastructure including its over 12,000 stores. The main functionalities of tripwire are automation of server hardening, automatic misconfigurations alerts, and through remedy integration, tracking system changes. Even though the prime purpose of its implementation was to ensure compliance improvement, Tripwire impacted to high-quality operational efficiency, increased visibility and also allows better and effective risk management throughout the Walgreen Company (Tripwire, n.d).
Walgreens has proper and better security measures in place. It has in-store cameras everywhere during closed and open hours. The camera is frequently checked. Also, it has high physical security measures for the prevention of burglar activities during closed hours (thick steel cages). On the other hand, the information obtained by Walgreen using their services; device information, in-store cameras, log information, cookies and web beacons, flash cookies, location information, and other sources are highly protected. The information collected is used to assess services and product consumer fulfillment, and assists in the creation of effective internal operations, for legal compliance, for marketing purposes and avoidance of fraud and other vulnerabilities. Its security policies are overall decent despite some incidents of data breaches.
Customer Privacy Report
Customer privacy is the form of information privacy that is mainly associated with the legal issues that primarily arise due to the interaction of the public with the collection and dissemination of their data by business people. During the registration to a mobile application or medical checkup in a hospital, it is evident that the registration information required tells much about the individual hence it is necessary to acquire security for these kinds of records. In modern times, privacy is issued in records that include medical records, national security bio-data which are collected during the registration of individuals for their identification or driver license (Kumar & Reinartz, 2018). Also, client confidentiality by companies is anticipated as the company like in the case of a bank or a community development project will require the protection of such information.
Customer privacy protection, in this case, is the use of laws to protect the citizens of a country or within the set jurisdiction from the loss of their privacy due to the flaws in the systems set by corporate ventures as measures of privacy protection. In this case, Walgreens has established standards and privacy policies in controlling and protecting the chats that are recovered from the stores and websites during the interaction of the company agents with the customers.
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