The research reported in the article serves to signify that the spread of bacteria is made possible not only through the blood vessels but also through the lymph vessels. Fundamentally, the research covers a new route of infection established in the bacterium that spreads from horses to human beings. For instance, Streptococcus Equi invades the intestines of alpacas through lymph vessels. In his current study masterminded on alpacas, professor Corpa asserts that the transmission of this bacterium can be achieved not only through blood vessels, as was perceived until today, but also via lymph vessels, and can take over the digestive structure of some contaminated animals.
The purpose of the research conducted by Professor Corpa is to show that bacteria can be spread through various other channels rather than the blood vessels' initial perception. For instance, the research establishes the lymph vessels as the possible new route through which bacteria move from horses to human beings (Corpa & Uzal, 2018). Corpa describes that the Streptococcus equi bacteria subspecies are commonly located in the breathing system of fighting fit horses and those suffering from pneumonia. Furthermore, the bacteria have also been affiliated with several syndromes in various animal families such as dogs, camelids, ruminants, pigs, and primates (Corpa & Uzal, 2018). Comparably, contaminations from this bacterium have also been registered in people who were in hairbreadth escape with horses, which is the reason it is considered to be zoonotic, in a manner that it can be handed over from animals to human beings.
As explained by Professor Corpa, the research serves to educate us that when humans get contaminated with this bacterium, majorly due to close contact with horses, they can sometimes come about drastic illnesses including meningitis, endocarditis, aortic aneurysms, thrombosis, spondylodiscitis, among others (Corpa & Uzal, 2018). In super exceptional cases, these contaminations can lead to loss of lives in human beings. This is why the disorder is perceived as a budding zoonosis, which can have an impact on human beings who are in close contact with the infected animals.
Other medical conditions resulting from the infection with the streptococcus equi bacteria include diabetes mellitus, chronic dermatological conditions, cardiopulmonary disorder, malignancy, alcohol misuse, immunosuppression, and hepatic failure. However, more fatality cases of infections related to zooepidemicus are recorded for the elders. This could be due to the weak immunity of the aging population as compared to the young demographics. Besides, the S zooepidemicus has the potential to cause endocarditis, pneumonia, meningitis, post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis, and lymphadenitis (Gruszysnki et al., 2015). This informs that it is vital always to treat S zooepidemicus as a potential pathogen, especially when one is in close contact with the horses (Gruszysnki et al., 2015). Fundamentally, the use of unpasteurized milk products is called for. Comparably, it is vital to treat infected patients on a regular and fast basis to prevent further contamination and dissemination of the infections.
Research has that group C streptococcus infections can effectively use Penicillin G or a cephalosporin (Corpa & Uzal, 2018). On the other hand, rifampin or gentamicin can be applied with a perfect lactam antibiotic against the pathogen. Essentially, an amalgamation of penicillin and gentamicin appears to be related to a desirable result in patients suffering from endocarditis. This is because the drug reduces the necessity for valve substitution.
In summary, this paper analyzes the meaning, significance, and implications presented in the research of streptococcus bacterium. Corpa informs that the bacteria can be spread through various other channels than the original blood vessels. In his study, he says that one new way of transmitting the bacteria is through the lymph vessels. From this study, potential applications are drawn, especially concerning health decision-makers. For instance, the stakeholders will formulate a firm and integrated health approach to generate sufficient proof of the prevention and control of diseases transmitted from animals to human beings.
Corpa, J. M., Carvallo, F., Anderson, M. L., Nyaoke, A. C., Moore, J. D., & Uzal, F. A. (2018). Streptococcus Equi subspecies zooepidemicus septicemia in alpacas: three cases and review of the literature. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 30(4), 598-602.
Gruszynski, K., Young, A., Levine, S. J., Garvin, J. P., Brown, S., Turner, L., ... & Beall, B. (2015). Streptococcus Equi subsp. zooepidemicus infections associated with guinea pigs. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 21(1), 156.
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