|Type of paper:||Essay|
|Categories:||Biology Healthcare Community health|
According to Rosen (2015), there is a relationship between industrialization and the spread of diseases. In the first place, industrialization resulted in the growth of urban areas with the mushrooming of towns, causing population concentration in one place, which meant congestion (Rosen, 2015). With the overcrowding of urban areas, there is easier disease spreading, and also with time, it led to the deterioration of sanitary conditions. Also, in the face of the initial phase of industrialization, public amenities were scarce; for instance, hospitals increased the mortality rate at the onset of industrial development (Rozins & Day, 2016). During industrialization, factories began to grow, which required labor, and with time, rose the question of community health.
Examples that Demonstrate your Analysis of the Rosen (2015)
The England Elizabethan Old Poor Law was first in place to address the issues of pauperism; however, with time, it seemed that poverty was not the only issue to be addressed due to arising problems in community health, which necessitated medical care provision (Rosen, 2015). The need for developing modern urban settings also brought about the necessity of the development of new approaches to diseases prevention. At the end of18th century, after a series of epidemics in Manchester, the Health and Moral of Apprentice act was passed mainly to oversee the dismal health of factory workers, especially the child laborers (Rosen, 2015).
Major Disease Outbreaks that led to the Widespread Epidemiological and Disease Prevention Efforts
During the 1795 winter, Manchester amongst the first industrialized cities suffered series of outbreaks; the typhus fever epidemic led to the voluntary Board of Health formation (Rosen, 2015). It was rendered ineffectual after receiving much opposition with the unhealthy status prolonged with unsuccessful attempts for improvement of sanitary conditions. Also, the 1831-1832 cholera outbreak necessitated the reinforcement of disease prevention measures resulting from neglected sanitary conditions, which lead to more sickness and deaths (Rosen, 2015).
Three to Five Examples. Provide at least One Reference from the Rosen (2015)
The overcrowded cities and towns were alarming causes of health problems. Public spaces meant for relaxation and recreation were scarce and limited to saloons and shops; in 1845, Manchester and other surrounding cities lacked public parks (Rosen, 2015). By that time, there was little interest in proper sanitary arrangements as they were considered as non- remunerative expenditures. Populations found in poor districts encountered housing problems where they lacked water closet and privies; however, this condition was not limited to this population as the working-class homes also experienced the same. Congestion, unhygienic conditions, dirt are characteristic of where a new industrialized system has taken root more, especially in the earlier industrial civilizations of the United States, Belgium, France, and Prussia.
How the Journal Article Address the Relationship between Industrialization and the Spread of Disease
Rosen (2015) gives clarity on the disease genesis and insights on the role of industrialization in the spreading of diseases. The journal takes the readers through the pre-industrial times when factories were less and compared it to the time the industrial revolution was taking its roots. Distinctively, the growth of industries led to many underlying factors like urbanization, migration, pauperism, which can be linked to deteriorating health conditions. In this light of the industrial revolution, the article demonstrated how the societies' minds were also evolving with the encounters of diseases and epidemics to a much better approach to solving community health problems. Further, the article reveals how the disease burden brought about the necessity of coming up with viable preventive measures of diseases.
The Chosen Media Clip Illustration for the Industrialization and the Spread of Disease Concept, and its Relevancy
The media clip is a good demonstration of the concept of industrialization and the spreading of disease, (as cited by Rosen 2015). The clip takes us back to the times of the agrarian revolution, where there were few factories. Men were the source of labor, but with the industrial revolution in place, machines replace human labor, which saw people moving to the towns to look for jobs. Industrial labor opportunities attracted people to urban areas, which saw the population increasing from 15 percent of the pre-industrial times in the 1750s to 50 percent by 1850, and by the 1900s, the population had grown to 85 percent (Simple History, 2017). With this came overcrowding of cities, and with fewer public amenities such as hospitals, the spread of diseases become rampant, leading to loss of lives. Also, with congestions in town, it made disease spreading much easier where people could catch communicable diseases. Housing became a problem, and also getting clean water for human consumption was rare due to contamination from the factories and human waste (Rozins & Day, 2016). Moreover, the cities were filled with filth and dangerous conditions for human existence, which threatened human lives.
Rosen, George. (2015) A history of public health (revised expanded edition) John Hopkins press Baltimore. Retrieved from Amazon.com
Rozins, C., & Day, T. (2016). Disease eradication on large industrial farms. Journal of Mathematical Biology, 73(4), 885-902. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00285-016-0973-9
Simple History. (2017, Oct 1). The Industrial Revolution (18-19th Century). Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xLhNP0qp38Q
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