Diabetes is a chronic disorder that an individual inherits and or acquires due to a deficiency in insulin generation by the pancreas. Diabetes can also result due to the ineffective performance of the pancreatic insulin. Various intervention measures can help limit the instances of diabetes among individuals. This paper intends to describe lifestyle and pharmacological activities as the tools for preventing the disease.
A study population in four groups underwent intervention measures. The investigation aimed to determine whether diet and exercise measure had an impact on the Non-insulin dependent Mellitus (NIDDM) in impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) population. The research process classified the patients into control groups, diet only, and exercise alone and, diet and exercise class. The findings indicate that lifestyle interventions are essential in preventing or delaying diabetes for over ten years after the intervention measures of the disorder. A combination of diet and exercise is more effective in reducing diabetes cases compared to particular diet or exercise activities.
A study by Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDP) for three years engaged four groups in their research. The research investigated Lifestyle modifications, metformin and a combination of the two activities (Chen, Magliano, & Zimmet, 2012). The objective was to test the probability of delaying the development of IGT to diabetes the Indian population. The results indicate that despite the low body mass index (BMI) of the subjects, lifestyle modification is relevant in preventing diabetes.
Moreover, intervention measure of diabetes engaged overweight subjects. The objective of the tests was to determine the effectiveness of an intervention that influences the lifestyles of people at high risks for the disorder. Activities such as a decrease in the saturated fatty acids (SFA) consumption and increase in the intake of fiber greater than 15g/1000kcal could help reduce the overall incidences of the disease (Chen et al. 2012).
Pharmacological therapies are essential in preventing the cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Studies reveal that 62 % of the facts of the disorder reduce with the use of rosiglitazone. Metformin prevents approximately 31% of the diabetes disorders. In comparison with the LSI, the withdrawals of the pharmacological agents show some incidences of diabetes (Selph et al. 2015). Pharmacological activities, therefore, reduce the cases of the disease on a short-term basis while the LSI limits the chances of the disorder even after the withdrawal of the active intervention measures.
In the United States, most employers have enrolled in various programs with an objective of identifying individuals with the signs of diabetes. The programs help in preventing the progression of the people to diabetes and the related expenses. The plans include community engagement, the number of lifestyle coaches for the intervention (Espeland et al. 2013). The projects also monitor the number of individuals who complete the activities and the estimate of the weight loss by the participants.
In conclusion, the adjustment in the lifestyle is an efficient approach in preventing or controlling the emergence of diabetes. Research further indicates that lifestyle modification that includes weight loss and intense physical activity is significant in prohibiting the diabetes risk. However, a section of the population, despite the revision of the lifestyle, the individuals still progress to T2DM. Such patients employ metformin as a control tool.
Definition of diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic disorder that an individual inherits and or acquires due to deficiency in insulin generation by the pancreas. Diabetes can also result due to ineffective performance of the pancreatic insulin. The types include:
Type 1: insulin dependent diabetes (IDDM) which is the total or partial failure of the production of insulin by the pancreas
Type 2: non-insulin dependent diabetes (NIDDM) which characterizes insufficient production of insulin
A brief summary of the research conducted in the Evidence-Based Project - Paper on Diabetes
Effects of diet on the population
The effects of exercise only on the subjects (Conn, Hafdahl, & Mehr, 2011).
The impact of both diet and exercise on the risks of diabetes on the population
The relationship of life style modification with the risks of progression of individuals to diabetes
The application of metformin on the subjects
A combination of lifestyle adjustment and metformin
Lifestyle intervention has the potential to prevent or postpone the incidences of diabetes for a period of over 10 years (Chen et al. 2012).
Diet reduces incidences of diabetes in over 33% of the subjects under investigation
Exercise limits cases of diabetes in over 47% of the population using this intervention measure
A combination of both the exercise and diet reduces over 38% of the possible cases of diabetes.
Lifestyle modification reduces approximately 28 % of the incidences of the disorder
Metformin is essential in prohibiting the disease in 26 % of the people under investigation
What are possible challenges?
There is high possibility of partiality due to the absence of regularity
There is a challenge in the willingness of some individuals to participate in the study
Chen, L., Magliano, D. J., & Zimmet, P. Z. (2012). The worldwide epidemiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus-present and future perspectives. Nature reviews endocrinology, 8(4), 228.
Conn, V. S., Hafdahl, A. R., & Mehr, D. R. (2011). Interventions to Increase Physical Activity Among Healthy Adults: Meta-Analysis of Outcomes. American Journal Of Public Health, 101(4), 751-758.
Espeland, M. A., Rejeski, W. J., West, D. S., Bray, G. A., Clark, J. M., Peters, A. L., ... & Action for Health in Diabetes Research Group. (2013). Intensive weight loss intervention in older individuals: results from the Action for Health in Diabetes Type 2 diabetes mellitus trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 61(6), 912-922.
Selph, S., Dana, T., Blazina, I., Bougatsos, C., Patel, H., & Chou, R. (2015). Screening for type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Annals of internal medicine, 162(11), 765-776
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