Social Mobility in Sports
Sports are an integral part of education. In many instances, the blend between sports and education is often perceived as an important element of enhancing students’ productivity. The development of however goes beyond the perspective of schools to a national and international front. UK is one of the main hubs for international games. In particular, UK has the host to premier league, which is an international sporting event that results into high influx of players into the country. In this regard, high number of immigrants visits the country both as players and as spectators. Subsequently, the country gain from increased direct consumption of its products at a price while at the same time monitors its attractiveness for future investments among many of the visitors (Dobson & Goddard 2014).
One of the main contribution of sporting as a facilitator of social mobility is subsequent interaction of international community which generates enlightenment and subsequently create an avenue for manipulating new investments. The presence of frequent immigrants into an economy is credited with numerous benefits to the destination countries worldwide. The economic returns associated with these scenarios include increased consumptions by foreign nationals and locals for locally produced commodities. Some individuals are talented to scholarly education but very talented in co-curricular activities. In many instances, excellence in co-curricular activities does not only generate enlightenment but also creates an avenue for social mobility through a shift in individual class regardless of the parental incomes. Similarly, the English premier league has a significant effect on the GDP of UK (Dobson & Goddard 2014).
As stated earlier, it does not only create possible benefits with regard to individual gains but also provides a revenue creation platform for the country. From the events of the premier league, experts claim that that UK economy has netted a significant boost associated with the success of the league. The premier league and its twenty members clubs was credited with generating a total of £3.4 billion to UK’s exchequer during the 2013/14 league season. This is a major contribution and a boost to the economy given the presence of a series of recurrent economic turmoil affecting the Eurozone economic bloc (Dobson & Goddard 2014).
Besides, the report also indicated that both the clubs and the leagues had supported more than 100,000 job placements in addition to injecting £3.4 billion to the country’s GDP. With such unprecedented increase in employment, the social-economic status of the group of individuals ends up improving progressively. As a result, this change may also generate a shift in social class and position in the society hence an upward social mobility. This demonstrates the important role that the premier league has been playing in enhancing the UK’s economy (Dobson & Goddard 2014).
The English Premier league has also been credited with significantly high number of international audience which also implies that media operations are also skewed during this period. Eventually, such increases in media operations also create a platform for enhanced social interaction across multiple cultures globally. The impact of these events may be increased impact of globalization during and after the event. Cultural exchanges that take place during and after these events have a significant impact in changing the manner in which individual perceive social-economic aspects both locally and internationally while individuals may experience complete change in social lifestyles.
Sports and Social Mobility
Some people also utilize such events to learn of the best possible sporting skills and compelling matches that have been ongoing in the world-class stadium as well as from the passionate fans that have made the Premier League one of the most significant annual global events watched worldwide. This event has therefore been drawing a wide range of interest from a wider geographical stretch as well as internally due to its robust effect on GDP. The success and interest of the fans has been allowing the generation of incomes to the clubs and has progressively support wider English-based games beyond the context of the Premier League. This implies that the economic benefits of the Premier Leagues fly beyond the individual event of the annual League (Dobson & Goddard 2014).
As a result of this eventual boosts, clubs have been able to invest in facilities, players and academies as well as in community perspectives.
With reference to the EY report, the success of the Premier League is rooted on the football competition which has effectively created a robust ‘cycle of growth’. Subsequently, this should assist in ensuring that there is a significant contribution of the returns from the League to the economy of UK and the society at large in future. The implication of this statement is that the Premier League has a high potential to contribute to the economy either directly or indirectly more than its current stand if appropriate measures are put in place.
With recurrent measure to enhance equality and economic inclusion in UK, increased capital formation from the sporting activity enhanced possibility of upwards social mobility. In particular, the exact contributions of the Premier League during the 2013/14 season comprised of a contribution to the country’s exchequer of about 93,000 police constables which represents more than 90 percent of the entire group of constables in Wales and England. Tax contribution included direct tax amounting to £891m that is paid by Premier League players alone devoid of any visitors or other interest groups watching the games (Dobson & Goddard 2014).
The contributions made by the English Premier League Football towards the UK exchequer between 2011 and 2012 were estimated at about £ 1 billion and this was accounted on a first time scenario in history. However, the extensive benefits that the football league contributes to the economy have often been overlooked. The 20 clubs in the Premier League were credited with contributing £725million to the UK exchequer in the season 2011/2012 an amount of which £458million represented income taxes based on the salaries and an extra £188 million in the National Insurance Contributions. The HM Revenue and Customs of UK have defined the contributions made by the Premier League but there has been a clear ignoring of the contribution of football to the country’s exchequer.
Citizens are perceived to be unsympathetic on the total amounts of contributions made by individual footballers. On the contrary, UK has been experiencing negative focus on the Image Rights that companies had been using to perpetrate the commercial values of players via limited liability channel and eventually securing extra endorsement privileges during incidences of short careers that have been structured to reduce tax liabilities (Wilkinson & Pickett 2011). This perception is highly misleading. Through many years that Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs (HMRC) has been focusing on the football industry, it has been observed that HMRC has been opposed to the Football creditors Rule. The rule is credited with leading to loss of billions of pounds from the football clubs that had been entering administrations with large outstanding tax debts and further being allowed to spend the finances to pay for the football debts first.
Some of the revenues that have been flowing into the Premier League in UK are obtained from foreign destinations such as Russia and Abu Dhabi. For instance from Russia, Roman Abramovich is credited with spending about £1 billion on Chelsea Football Club while Sheikh Mansour of Abu Dhabi has been credited with spending similar amounts on Manchester United. These capital injections have been made into the British Economy for more than 22 years since the inception of the Premier League (Dobson & Goddard 2014). On the other hand, television has also been associated with tapping significant revenue from the Premier League. The television broadcasts of the football have obtained broadcast revenue amounting to £633,000 per game when it started in 1992 and currently standards at around £6.53 millions.
The revenues also comprises of capital injections into the UK economy across the entire period upon which UK has been a host of the English Premier League. Besides, there have been additional revenues arising from overseas broadcasting rights that over creates significant revenue too. For instance, the NBC of the United States paid US$250million for the patents to show Premier League Sports for a period of three years. This capital injection into UK creates a significant growth in the local economy through indirectly impacting on revenue generation and employment creation for the locals. Currently, the league has been broadcasting in more than 212 countries worldwide with total audience population of approximately 5 billion people every season. The implication of this scenario is that about 70 percent of the global televised sports market has been watching the Premier Leagues (Dobson & Goddard 2014).
In addition, the Premier League ad Club activities have also injected a lump-sum into the economy by contributing to 103,354 full time employments in the 2013/2014 season. In March 2015, the Premier League Clubs also declared their interest to adopt living wages for the entire team of full-time employees, a move that is expected to begin no later than 2016/17 season. These advances dictate the magnitude of economic growth that the Premier League has created and its anticipated boost to the economy in future. Based on the above facts, the incidence of premier league in UK has a significant economic impact as it results in increased capital formation for individuals. Subsequently, the event provides an avenue for increased mobility of individuals from one social class to another (Wilkinson & Pickett 2011).
For instance, during this event, many youths are employed to provide simple but important services as directions through various venues of use such as restaurants and public toilets where technology does not apply. These facts show the importance of the League due to its past, present and expected future impact on the UK’s economy.
UK has become a hub of football games. This also implies that the country has become a hub for intermittent creation of opportunities for employment for a considerable number of persons. During the period of employment and afterwards, majority of people employed in various areas of service delivery during sporting period have a sudden shift in social life style, regardless of their social classes or their parents’ economic status in the society. It has built a robust competitive advantage that has grown to become a source of competitive advantage besides appearing as a strategic point of differentiation in the global context, given the steady focus of the global economies on nation branding.
The overall contribution of these games is immense with a net contributions of the to the country’s economy quite elaborate as it has created a significant growth in various sectors both directly via taxation of football clubs as well as investments in support facilities such as talent academies among others. Similarly, individuals have benefited robustly from these sports through increased ability to manipulate a wider range of business engagement. Indeed, the funding of the clubs in the leagues have also created a huge capital injections into UK economy which has eventually stimulated growth in other sectors based on the country’s brand as the land of football (Dobson & Goddard 2014). Similarly, the projection of the collected revenue into a common pool of funds to facilitate the entire economy of UK also impacts positively towards enhanced growth through equitable distribution to the entire economy.
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