|Type of paper:||Argumentative essay|
|Categories:||Medicine Healthcare Criminal justice Social issue|
The kidney business has been happening for a couple of years in the world where people sell their kidneys to willing buyers located in different parts of the world. The kidney business has been growing over the years as more people get kidney-related diseases that require the person to have a kidney replacement. The trend in kidney trade has been increasing in the world because technology has facilitated the trade by connecting the buyers and sellers of organs. There are different reasons why people choose to sell their kidneys to buyers without knowing the health risks that they expose themselves to.
The kidney trade is a puzzle that needs to be resolved; there are concerns that the rich take advantage of the poor by purchasing the kidney from poor people (Wilkens, 2018). Different countries around the world have banned the trade of body organs because they believe that the rich take advantage of the vulnerability of the poor people in society to purchase body organs without considering their health risks. The kidney trade has led to the stealing of body organs where people get kidnapped, and their organs were stolen from them. Different organizations and countries are trying to control the trade by requiring organ donations to come from family members only.
The challenge of the kidney trade is that it ends with too many people being killed for no reason when their kidneys get stolen and sold to potential buyers (bin Hamid, & Khan, 2019). The organ trade has been growing in the world and has attracted criminals who want to earn money by selling other people's kidneys by kidnapping them and removing the body organs that they sell to potential clients. Doctors have been accused of killing their patients with the intention of harvesting body organs from the victims when they die. The negative side of the kidney trade has led to concerns about whether kidney transplants should continue or need to be stopped.
The trade of kidneys and other body organs is a puzzle that needs to be dealt with to ensure that innocent people don't get killed by people who want to make money using their body organs (Alrogy et al., 2016). The trade needs to be regulated to ensure that the right to live is respected by medical professionals which most to the time are the one who engages in illegal activities. There is a challenge of controlling the trade because the medical professions are the people that commit the crimes and coordinate with the criminals that engage the organ trade.
The puzzle of the organ trade can be solved through tough regulations that will regulate the trade and punish professionals and criminals that steal and kill other people for the purpose of making money by selling the organs (Alrogy et al., 2016). The regulation that donations can only be made by relatives who have the medical need of their organs such as kidneys need to be replaced. All the steps need to be followed before a donation can be allowed to ensure that illegal trade is stopped. The law also needs to have a tough punishment for people that are caught engaging in the trade illegally.
Regulating the body organs will also ensure that only accredited personnel deal with organ donations to the right people who donated their kidneys to their loved ones facing health challenges (Alrogy et al., 2016). The regulation of the trade will ensure that the human rights of the patients and victims are respected and protected from criminals engaging illegal trade. The puzzle of organs stealing will be solved through regulation and management of the donations.
The effects of kidney trade are that the rich take advantage of the vulnerability of the poor to buy organs leaving them vulnerable to diseases and potential death because the proper procedures are not followed getting the organs from their bodies (Wilkens, 2018). Many people get cheated that they are offered jobs only to end up their organs being stolen from then illegally. There is a rise in criminal activities where more traders are killing innocent people to harvest organs from them. The main goal of the puzzle is to bring sanity and ensuring that the rights and freedoms of the people get respected.
The trade also encourages medical professions to engage in criminal activities of stealing organs from their patients to earn extra income (Nahavandi, 2016). The people who sell their organs without checkup on the health challenges that they may face later in their lives. Kidney sellers are left suffering after they donate their organs, and they do not have resources to seek medical care. The lack of proper following of the rules leads to donors getting infected with diseases. The kidney trade has also led to human trafficking where people are trafficked to get into countries where the potential buyers of kidneys are located.
There is a great need for kidney transplant with hundreds of thousands of people waiting for a transplant. The number of people who need kidney transplant is much more than that of kidney available from both the living donors as well as the deceased (Bamgbose, 2017). This had created the need for kidney sale and donation to save a life. The sale of the kidney is critical in saving lives, and if regulated, it can benefit both the living donors as well as the patients awaiting a kidney transplant. Kidney sale decreases the patient's waiting time as they may be able to find a kidney by providing an incentive to the donor much easier than when they wait for a deceased donor.
The kidney sale and trade trend phenomenon is increasing kidney donor. When living donors give their kidney, they expose themselves to risks such as failure of the remaining kidney. Approximately 25-35 percent of kidney donors experience dysfunction after surgery (Bamgbose, 2017). This, therefore, means that a kidney donor is a risky and worth compensation. Willing living donors also incur transport costs to the health facilities as well as time that they could have used working and generating an income. Instead of giving the organ for free such donors would consider selling it.
Paid donation should, however, involve consent and both donors and buyers should ensure that they get the kidney from the owner and not from other people who might have acquired the organs wrongly through vices such as kidney theft (Yousaf & Purkayastha, 2016). People are kidnapped, their organs stolen and later sold to the demanding customers. The victims of kidney theft are mishandled and mistreated, and they end up losing their lives all because of kidney demand. Due to this growing phenomenon kidney sale should be highly regulated to ensure that the consent of the organ owner is obtained before buying a kidney and subsequently having a transplant. This will help reduce the loss of lives through organ theft to save another life. All lives are precious, and no one should die because of the selfish interest of organ traders. The regulation will also deal with the phenomenon of selling the organs which the donors gave out for free. Some deceased and living donors give their kidney for free to help someone in dire need, but the organs end up being sold.
The payment for a kidney can be in the form of a sum of money and insurance cover. Due to the illegalization of kidney sale in countries such as the United States of America, those expected to donate bear the entire costs. National Organ Transplant Act established in 1984 prohibited the sale of organs. Anyone caught selling or buying the organs can be fined $ 50,000 or imprisonment for five years or both (Yousaf & Purkayastha, 2016). The donors, therefore, have to bear costs such as caretaker costs, travel, as well as off from work and these expenses discourage the potential donors. The financial obligation is too much, especially for those who are not financially stable. This, therefore, affects organ donation and continually widens the gap between the organs needed and those donated.
The governments of different countries should rethink on the regulations on kidney trade to increase kidney donations. Compensation to donors has led to increasing in donations in countries such as Singapore, Israel, Saudi Arabia and the United Kingdom (Yousaf & Purkayastha, 2016). To save more lives, the government of the United States, as well as other countries, should legalize kidney sales. They should, however, establish measures ensuring that the move does not increase kidney theft. The cost of dialysis is high, and if legalized, the patients can use the money used for dialysis to get a transplant. Patients with diseases such as renal failure depend on kidney transplant for long term survival.
Patients requiring kidney transplant wait for approximately three years to get a kidney. In the United States of America, approximately 13 people die each day while awaiting a transplant (Bamgbose, 2017). Legalization of kidney sale can significantly reduce the wait duration and number of deaths as witnessed in countries such as Iran. The money offered for the donation can be in the form of a gift. The benefits enjoyed by the donor should not be viewed as compensation but rather as an appreciation for saving a life.
Legalization of kidney sale due to an increase in demand for a kidney transplant is not enough. Kidney sellers are likely to suffer trauma after donating their kidney. One may donate the organ willingly but later suffer trauma (Bamgbose, 2017). The donor may be seen, and money ventured and in disregard of his health and life. The idea of selling an organ may be viewed by some absurd and increase in kidney donors can be realized through the elimination of the stigma. Kidney donors should be believed to have the intention of saving lives rather than financially benefiting from organ donation. The society needs to acknowledge that there is a growing need for a kidney transplant, and they should be part of the solution. Helping save a life feels good and whether paid or not people should donate organs.
In conclusion, kidney trade has the best and dark side that leads to suffering among the people who get abducted by traffickers who steal body parts from them and sell. The donation of body organs needs to be controlled to ensure that people donate their organs to the people that they wish. The stakeholders need to deal with the causes of kidney trade to regulate it.
Alrogy, W., Jawdat, D., Alsemari, M., Alharbi, A., Alasaad, A., & Hajeer, A. H. (2016). Organ trade using social networks - Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation, 27(5), 971.
Bamgbose, O. A. (2017). Human organ trade: trending issues and the relationship to access to justice.
Bin Hamid, R., & Khan, M. T. (2019). Living-unrelated kidney donor transplantation: Legalization in exceptional circumstances?. Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation, 30(5), 1111.
Nahavandi, F. (2016). Transnational Kidney Transplant. In Commodification of Body Parts in the Global South (pp. 59-74). Palgrave Pivot, London.
Wilkens, K. (2018). The True Cost of Selling Your Organs on Egypt's Illegal Black Market. Journal of International Business and Law, 17(2), 6.
Yousaf, F. N., & Purkayastha, B. (2016). The social world of organ transplantation, trafficking, and policies. Journal of public health policy, 37(2), 190-199.
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