Paper Example: Introduction to American Government

Published: 2023-04-19
Paper Example: Introduction to American Government
Type of paper:  Critical thinking
Categories:  Learning United States Government Civil rights
Pages: 5
Wordcount: 1154 words
10 min read

The purpose of this sequence is to familiarize the organizations and rules of the American administration to learners. Besides, the course concentrates on the three subdivisions of the American government, which are Legislative, Judiciary, and executive. The highlighted branches issue administrative guiding principles, which include Civil rights, civil liberties, and social policy/ responsibility, among others. However, my intended center of this paper is the executive as branch of government as well as civil liberties and civil rights. The administrative division is a substantial fragment of the US government whose core obligation is to convey and affect laws. The American president is the leading figure of the executive branch, which also comprises of vice-president and the entire cabinet, administrative units, regional agencies, board panels, committees, and commissions. Civil rights control how residents n when it comes to their constitutional rights to take part in government and culture. On the other hand, civil liberties bound the regime's capability to restrict citizens' lives. Nevertheless, the growth of the dimension and range of regional/ federal government has been the paramount intimidation to civil liberties.

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Executive Branch of Government

Article two of the constitution stipulates that the head of the state is the head of the executive. The Vice-president is also an associate of the executive adheres to the guidance of the president and takes over the presidency office if the president is unable to attend to duties assigned. The branch also integrates 15 administrative units such as justice, labor, education, human service, health, among others. These departments are headed by members of the presidential cabinet whose role is to serve as consultants to the head of state (Jillson 251-284).

The executive branch also contains over 50 self-regulating federal commissions, among them being security and exchange commission and Federal Reserve board. As the head of this branch, the president's fundamental duty is to sign regulations conceded by other departments, especially Legislature, to make the laws. Although Congress can vote their bills into law, Executive through the president can pass bills passed by Congress. Besides, the executive branch is similarly accountable for piloting mediation with other countries. The president, as the head of the executive, has the decree to assign legates such as ambassadors, judges, and Supreme Court justices. Issuance of executive remits, which gives way on how standing regulations are inferred and applied, is also a mandate of the executive liquidated through the president.

Civil Rights

Civil rights are fundamental privileges that every single legal resident has under the acts of government. In the United States, the constitution shelters the civil rights of every citizen. By the constitution. Civil rights comprise the right to open speech, religious conviction, association, confidentiality, liberty to thought, among others. In the US, citizens are not differentiated on the foundation of their features in learning, contact with public facilities, accommodation, and employment because such judgments mean defilement of their civil rights. The government has recognized laws that shape civil rights through legislation branch. Civil rights act endeavor to secure complete and equivalent nationality on citizens (Jillson 458-491).

Contrary to other rights perceptions such as natural rights where people acquire rights logically, civil rights are particular and assured by the authority of the nation. Civil rights policies in the United States were initiated from the program to culminate discrimination in contradiction of African- Americans. Civil rights aim to conquer objectives such as: eradicating obstacles that inhibit people from receipt of aids of a government-funded beneficial program. Secondly, civil rights deliver equivalent managements to all citizens in terms of conveyance of programs and facilities to all candidates, contributors, and benefactors of a centralized program. Thirdly, they guarantee that all contenders and applicants appreciate their privileges and duties. Consequently, they ensure equal respect and self-esteem to all.

Civil Liberties

There is a weighty variance between civil rights and civil liberties. Civil liberty apprehends primary reasons and independences that are definite. Some of the presences of civil liberties are right to vote right to get married, right to just court provisional, among others. In differentiating civil rights from civil liberties, the law describes civil rights as independence from discrimination on the grounds of personal characteristics such as femininity, infirmity, and tribe. On the other hand, civil liberty involves the authentic everyday freedom of all citizens. From the discussion, civil liberties are constitutional rights assured to the public by the United States government through the constitution and by administration/ legislature.

The primary importance of these liberties is to defend people from unnecessary government interference. For instance, the initial modification of this liberty negates the government the right to hinder the unrestricted implementation of belief. This provision means the national government cannot prevent individuals from following a religion of their choice. However, the approach in which an individual performs religious behaviors might be limited if it violates the rights of others. Correspondingly, the eighth amendment of these liberties states that the government has no right to execute "cruel and unusual" castigations on persons for their unlawful actions. Even though the description of "cruel and unusual" has gradually changed, the government enacted this to preclude cruelties in the name of punishments from crime mistrusts.

The ten adjustments on the bill of rights purposes on cultivating defense of citizens, which should come from the involved government. The Supreme Court being accountable for trial related to distinct freedoms and privileges, it has established that the rights and liberties need to be sustained even in situations where the structure of law and constitution are not vibrant on their security as in the bill of rights. The need for the state to endorse the bill of rights, which holds civil liberties, has thrived through selective incorporation. This incorporation is the practice and process by which the constitution conformation efficiently supplements portions of the bill of rights into state regulations and structures. The Supreme Court agrees and decides whether national laws are illegitimate according to the Constitution by determining whether they violate the bill of rights (The Open Courses Library 2019).

The Contemporary Problem in the Executive.

The court has occasionally marched into restraining executive supremacy, constructing pattern-round perceptions such as operational freedom, conflict, and war powers as well as overall space of supervisory authority. Liability to the voting public takes the role of the primary approach to construct boundaries in a large executive office. The administrative/ government assembly shaped by the constitution provides the president with a pronounced compact of authority and elasticity (Howell 2015). The manuscript consequently does not do enough to define the Mother Nature of this supremacy and its perimeter, giving presidents freedom to do what satisfies them politically. However, the resolution to this is the reliable descriptions and definitions of presidential powers in the Constitution.

Works Cited

Howell, William G. Thinking About the Presidency: The Primacy of Power. Princeton UP, 2015.

Jillson, Cal. "Civil Rights." American Government, 2019, pp. 458-491.

"The Executive Branch." American Government, 2018, pp. 251-284.

The Open The Open Courses Library. Civil Liberties (American Government), 2019.

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