DECLARATIONSI ESSAY

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DECLARATIONSI declare the following: that the material contained in this dissertation is the end result of my own work and that due acknowledgement has been given in the bibliography and references to ALL sources be they printed, electronic or personal.

the Word Count of this Dissertation is xxxxx (including citations and quotations)

That unless this dissertation has been confirmed as confidential, I agree to an entire electronic copy or sections of the dissertation to being placed on Blackboard, if deemed appropriate, to allow future students the opportunity to see examples of past dissertations. I understand that if displayed on Blackboard it would be made available for no longer than five years and that student would be able to print off copies or download. The authorship would remain anonymous.

I agree to my dissertation being submitted to a plagiarism detection service, where it will be stored in a database and compared against work submitted from this or any other School or from other institutions using the service.

In the event of the service detecting a high degree of similarity between content within the service this will be reported back to my supervisor and second marker, who may decide to undertake further investigation, which may ultimately lead to disciplinary actions, should instances of plagiarism be detected.

I have read the University Policy Statement on Ethics in Research and Consultancy and the Policy for Informed Consent in research and Consultancy and I declare that ethical issues have been considered and take into account in this period.

I have read the University Policy Statement on Data Protection in Research and Consultancy and I declare that the data collected for use in this dissertation has been properly safe guarded and will be destroyed once the dissertation or subsequent research activity has been concluded. I acknowledge that it is my responsibility to destroy the information with due regard to confidentiality.

SIGNED: DATE:

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

ABSTRACTThe research in the field of Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) is gradually becoming more and more widespread, even though the literature is limited to the subject of the GSCM ability to affect the firms performance. Therefore in-depth research of the ability of green practices combined with Supply Chain Management (SCM) to yield positive results if of relevance for determining whether the firm`s performance may be improved in this regard.

The findings of the research present theoretical and practical basis needed to show results of the operationalization of the GSCM concept as well as the strategic implications for firm orientations. Moreover, the research paper also illustrates how the firm`s competitiveness may improved through the implementation of green practices.

Keywords:Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM), Strategic Orientations Supply Chain Orientation, Environmental Orientation, Firm Performance, Cost Efficiency, Customer Effectiveness, Environmental Differentiation

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTIONChapter 1 aims to introduce the new era of business operation which is based on creating new values able to move a firms performance to a higher level. There will also be stated the research objectives which will define the purpose of the study.

1.1 Background

Businesses are facing scarcity of resources, increasing awareness among stakeholders, implementation of strict laws regarding being green all of these pose a real challenge today. Businesses were challenged in creating integrated organization before until the introduction of Supply Chain Management (SCM), which replaced the traditional way of managing CITATION Bid10 \l 1033 (Bidgoli, 2010). Using these strategic weapon and new technologies, businesses become very successful provided these new practices allow them to gain competitive advantages.

Environmental crises happen regularly and pose major challenge to organizations. Many companies are now implementing environmental management in supply chain, also known as Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) CITATION Tan01 \l 1033 (Tan, 2001).

Organizations have implemented environmental practices into their strategic plans and also in their daily operations, which they believe to shape firms performance in ways like improving reputation, better controlling of waste and reducing overall costs CITATION Sar03 \l 1033 (Sarkis, 2003).

1.2 StudyBusinesses that have built their own global networks of suppliers may no longer have as significant competitive advantages as they had before. The major challenge to supply chains now is to balance low costs and innovations to substantiate both environmental and economic sustainability. The solution is to implement Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) in the business that helps managers to balance such issues. This purpose of this study is show that GSCM is able to shape firms performance.

1.3 Research GapsGreen practices in SCM as a concept oriented on helping to improve firms performance have not been thoroughly examined CITATION Zhu04 \l 1033 (Zhu & Sarkis, Relationships between operational practices and performance among early adopters of green supply chain management practices in Chinese manufacturing enterprises, 2004). Many authors explored the GSCM capabilities as a functional mechanism and it`s likelihood to contribute to a firms performance. In general, the capabilities and features of GSCM have been perceived as the competitive advantage that leads to improvement of a firms performance CITATION Rao05 \l 1033 (Rao & Holt, Do green supply chains lead to competitiveness and economic performance?, 2005).

Most of the literature focuses on the firms external business environment like regulation that is imposed by the government or dictated by the demands of the stakeholders, etc. These facts are to be considered as motivations for enterprises to adopt green practices CITATION Cha13 \l 1033 (Chang, Kenzhekhanuly, & Park, 2013). It is unclear whether the directives aimed at adoption of green practices lead to improvement of firms performance. There seems to be a missing piece of information about the concept of internal corporate cultures or orientations that encourage companies to adopt GSCM practices.

1.4 Aims and Objectives of the PaperAs it was mentioned in the Research Gaps, current research in GSCM lacks defined evaluation of the contribution GSCM makes on increasing firm`s performance and also the concept of adopting GSCM. Therefore the aim of the paper is:

To provide a comprehensive understanding of GSCM.

To explore relevant concepts, models and theories in the field of GSCM benefits.

To identify, through the evaluation in Resource Base View, values that contribute to higher firm performance.

1.5 OutlineThis dissertation is structured in five chapters. Chapter 1 introduces the problems businesses encounter as well as the aims and objectives. It is followed by Chapter 2, which concerns review of literature regarding GSCM and other relevant concepts and models like Supply Chain orientation, Environmental orientation, Firm Performance (Cost Efficiency, Customer Effectiveness and Environmental Differentiation) and Resource Base Views. Chapter 3 focuses on research methodology, which relates to data collection. Chapter 4 concerns data analysis and findings. Finally, chapter 5 is the conclusion of the dissertation and also the layout of the limitation of this study. Chapter 5 also suggests some ground for future research.

CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEWThis chapter is wholly dedicated to the reviews of literature. The following literature review will identify and discuss the characteristics of GSCM and other concepts. It develops further a set of specific research survey...

sheldon

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