|Type of paper:||Research paper|
|Categories:||Healthcare Public health Behavior change|
The Health Belief Model (HBM) is one of the most favored theories useful in implementing interventions aimed at behavior change in the public health sector because of its various benefits. One of the benefits associated with the HBM is that it is straightforward and thus is appealing to healthcare professionals (Orise, 2019). This is because it is comprised of constructs that can be easily understood and implemented in healthcare practice.
All the constructs of the HBM appeal to healthcare personnel because they are directly related to health behaviors and can be used to persuade people to adopt the desired healthy practices (Sharma, 2016). For instance, through the perceived benefits construct, a healthcare professional can discuss with the patient the health benefits associated with the adoption of particular health behavior (Goran & Sothern, 2016; Montano & Spitzer, 2020). This makes an individual to be easily convinced to practice the desired action.
Moreover, the HBM is favored in public health practice because there is a vast literature that supports its effectiveness in behavior change (Jones, Smith, & Llewellyn, 2014). Various health behavior changes have been realized using HBM. For example, it has been used to successfully implement physical exercise intervention in overweight and obese individuals (McArthur et al., 2018). The HBM has also been shown to help in attaining smoking cessation among male smokers (Shin & Cho, 2017). Lastly, the HBM has been confirmed to be a useful model for increasing vegetable and fruit intake among food pantry individuals (Wright et al., 2019).
Have you ever worked with it before in the field?
I have never worked with the HBM in the field.
Goran, M. I., & Sothern, M. S. (2016). Handbook of pediatric obesity: Etiology, pathophysiology, and prevention. CRC Press.
Jones, C. J., Smith, H., & Llewellyn, C. (2014). Evaluating the effectiveness of health belief model interventions in improving adherence: A systematic review.
Health Psychology Review, 8(3), 253-269. https://doi.org/10.1080/17437199.2013.802623. Retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17437199.2013.802623
McArthur, L. H., Riggs, A., Uribe, F., & Spaulding, T. J. (2018). The health belief model offers opportunities for designing weight management interventions for college students. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 50(5), 485-493. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2017.09.010
Montano, J. J., & Spitzer, J. B. (2020). Adult audiology rehabilitation, third edition. Plural Publishing.
Orise. (2019). Theory picker-Theories. Retrieved from https://www.orau.gov/hsc/theorypicker/hbm.html
Sharma. (2016). Theoretical foundations of health education and health promotion. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
Shin, T.-S., & Cho, Y.-C. (2017). Analysis of health behavioral factors affecting to the interest in smoking cessation among male smokers using the health belief model. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial Cooperation Society, 18(5), 456-466. https://doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2017.18.5.456
Wright, L., Arce, K. S., Himmelgreen, D., & Epps, J. B. (2019). Farm2fork: Use of the health belief model to increase fresh fruit and vegetable intake among food pantry participants. Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition, 14(1-2), 252-261. https://doi.org/10.1080/19320248.2018.1538920
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