|Type of paper:||Annotated bibliography|
|Categories:||Psychology Mental health Literature review Psychological disorder|
Cerel, J., Moore, M., Brown, M. M., van de Venne, J., & Brown, S. L. (2015). Who leaves suicide notes? A six-year population-based study. Suicide and LifeThreatening Behavior, 45(3), 326-334.
An investigative article, Cerel and co-authors examine the implication of suicide notes and attempt to analyze for socio demographic differentials between persons who leave suicide notes and those who do not. The authors are critical of popular perspective that suicide notes are the sole definitive means through which a suicide can be affirmed. Critically drawing from empirical evidences and analysis of six-year statewide suicide data on cases where victims left suicide notes or otherwise, the article leads to an in-depth understanding and renewed perspective on suicide notes. It entirely reconstructs popular perceptions on suicide notes.
The article, arguably provides evidences that there is not a central insinuation by suicide notes, neither is a there a unifying characteristic amongst person who write suicide notes and those who do not. Cerel and co-authors essentially contribute to the distasteful topic of suicide by allowing persons understand suicide is randomness without a solid paradigm and conventional construction. Their study quenches the emotions of the bereaved, who perceive suicide note as instrumental in providing meaning and explanation to the victim's actions.
Sengupta, B., & Jantzen, R. H. (2019). Incidence of female suicide in New York City: how important are socioeconomic factors?. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 54(1), 89-98.
An investigative research article, Incidence of female suicide in New York City examines the role of socio economic factors in the upsurge of female suicides in the City of New York. Senupta and Jantzen synthesizes the suicide data since 2000 based on gender and recognizes the fact that suicide rate is a steadier rise amongst women within every age set, divergent from the national suicide rate increment patterns , compared to rate amongst male which has remained steady. Basing it analytics on 40 years of data from three different sources, the New York Department of Health and Mental Hygiene's Vital Statistics, the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform Crime Reporting Program, and the Census Bureau Current Population, the article evaluates the correlation between a myriad of socio economic items and suicide rate for females between 15-44 years of age. The research establishes a positive relation between female's suicide rates and the ratio of New York's white female population and unemployment rate, but reports a negative relationship between suicide rates and abortion.
This article contributes significantly in understanding the drive behind the surging suicide rates within the female population in New York's socio demographic set up. It is a critical ingredient in policy formulation by the government and social information on the need to construct a favorable socio-economic environment for the women population by highlighting their key areas of vulnerability.
Pfeiffer, P. N., King, C., Ilgen, M., Ganoczy, D., Clive, R., Garlick, J., Valenstein, M. (2018). Development and pilot study of a suicide prevention intervention delivered by peer support specialists. Psychological services.
Pfeiffer and co-authors recognize the swelling suicide rate amongst the American population, particularly citing the time after inpatient psychiatrists hospitalization as the riskiest. Their article researches on the role of peer support specialists on suicide prevention with a goal to find if they can be instrumental in the reduction of suicide related deaths. A peer specialist intervention group, Peers for Valued Living (PREVAIL), was constructed and integrated with elements of psychotherapies and motivational interviewing and used to investigate for the effectiveness of such a group in suicide risk recovery. Sampling a total of seventy adults psychiatric inpatients most susceptible to suicide, 34 of the total sample population were use as control group under usual care while the rest were subject to a 12-week PREVAIL support intervention. Findings from the study revealed a positive response from the participants appreciating the ability of peer specialists to listen, advise and provide support during interactions on suicide. It was conclusive from the research that peer intervention was critical in reducing suicide risks.
The article a critical contribution on the subject matter of suicide as it provides a feasible means through which we can combat the risk of suicide through social intervention. Providing experimental evidences, the article put forwards a convincing alternative approach to managing the increasing suicide rates in the society today, albeit it can be criticized for developing a simple analytical model.
Bready, J. C., Bready, R. J., & Chute, D. J. (2017). A Tenyear Study of Suicides from a Rural/Suburban County. Journal of forensic sciences, 62(4), 911-914.
This article, reviews empirical evidences for suicide data in Dutchess County, New York gathered over a more than a ten-year period, between 2004 and 2013. The data used was in adherence to reporting and examination standards endorsed by the Department of Justice for death examination and the National Association of Medical Examiners. Analyzing for close to three hundred cases on basis of sex, race, means of suicide, age, and item used in suicide, the article comes up with a few pieces of findings that conflict other studies.
First, on basis of sex, the study finds that men are more prone to use firearm for suicide, whereas their female counterparts prefer overdose. Second, on the basis of age, the study reveals that the elderly are most likely to choose overdose as a suicide means, while younger persons are susceptible to overdose.
This article provides an informative perspective on what the society should deem as dangerous in the possession of a suicidal person based on their age and sex, hence giving primary grounds through which the society can keep suicide-risk individuals out of danger.
Silk, K. J., Perrault, E. K., Nazione, S. A., Pace, K., & Collins-Eaglin, J. (2017). Evaluation of a social norms approach to a suicide prevention campaign. Journal of health communication, 22(2), 135-142.
Is an investigative article whose objective is to evaluate the college campus normative employing both peer and prominent persons as instruments to encourage aid seeking among college learners as a strategy to prevent suicide. Silk. Perrault, Nazione, Pace, and Collins appreciate suicide as the number one course of death for college-aged young persons. They also appreciate the efforts of university counselling centers (UCC) in teaching learners about mental health issues and existent campus services that could help them with the latter. However, this study emphasizes more on investigating the role peer persons in combating the threat of suicide. Adopting survey model for its qualitative study, using a control and experiment group, the article reveals the some critical findings. First, that learners exposed to suicide awareness campaign messages are prone to refer their counterparts to the UCC and very likely to seek UCC services for mental health. Second, learners living in environment with peer persons are more willing to refer counterparts for UCC services compared to those who live in celebrity and control environment. Despite the conditions, however, learners who were exposed to UCC messages admitted to greater chances to seek help on mental health and suicide related problems in comparison to those who were not exposed to the same.
This is a crucial article that reveals the importance of exposing individuals to suicide and mental health-related issues.
Rodway, C., Tham, S. G., Ibrahim, S., Turnbull, P., Windfuhr, K., Shaw, J., ... & Appleby, L. (2016). Suicide in children and young people in England: a consecutive case series. The Lancet Psychiatry, 3(8), 751-759.
This article investigates the issue of mental health in young people and children, while also looking into the likely increase in suicidal behavior for this socio-demographic group. It focuses on the national multi-agency examination of suicide amongst persons aged below 20 in England. The main goal is to establish the frequency risk item that precedes suicide in children and young persons, the significance of age factor in suicide as well as the role of exposure to mental and social healthcare in suicidal children. The risk factors were categorized as bullying, bereavement, physical health, academic pressure, and personal harm.
Findings from the study revealed a higher suicide rate for a young person in their late teens (18-19 years) compared to those aged below 18 years. It was also evident that male young male persons were much prone to suicide relative to their female counterparts, and that suicide by hanging accounted for the commonest means.
Analyzing for preceding risk factors, physical health conditions was the most likely cause for suicide among young persons followed closely by family problems and bereavement.
This study provides much insight in understanding the risk of suicide amongst young people by analyzing for risk on basis of age and likely cause for suicide.
Bready, J. C., Bready, R. J., & Chute, D. J. (2017). A Ten year Study of Suicides from a Rural/Suburban County. Journal of forensic sciences, 62(4), 911-914. https://doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13352
Cerel, J., Moore, M., Brown, M. M., van de Venne, J., & Brown, S. L. (2015). Who leaves suicide notes? A six-year population-based study. Suicide and LifeThreatening Behavior, 45(3), 326-334. https://doi.org/10.1111/sltb.12131
Pfeiffer, P. N., King, C., Ilgen, M., Ganoczy, D., Clive, R., Garlick, J., Valenstein, M. (2018). Development and pilot study of a suicide prevention intervention delivered by peer support specialists. Psychological services. https://doi.org/10.1037/ser0000257
Rodway, C., Tham, S. G., Ibrahim, S., Turnbull, P., Windfuhr, K., Shaw, J., Appleby, L. (2016). Suicide in children and young people in England: a consecutive case series. The Lancet Psychiatry, 3(8), 751-759. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(16)30094-3
Sengupta, B., & Jantzen, R. H. (2019). Incidence of female suicide in New York City: how important are socioeconomic factors?. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 54(1), 89-98. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00127-018-1600-4
Silk, K. J., Perrault, E. K., Nazione, S. A., Pace, K., & Collins-Eaglin, J. (2017). Evaluation of social norms approach to a suicide prevention campaign. Journal of health communication, 22(2), 135-142. https://doi.org/10.1080/10810730.2016.1258742
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