Essay Sample on Schizophrenia

Published: 2022-12-08
Essay Sample on Schizophrenia
Type of paper:  Essay
Categories:  Mental health
Pages: 6
Wordcount: 1601 words
14 min read

Schizophrenia has been found to possess a great impact on families and offspring regarding their social and emotional aspects of life.

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The main aim of the study is to examine different experiences on individuals, offspring, and families facing the disorder

Materials and Approaches

The study should use different materials to determine the effects of schizophrenia on children and spouses. The psychoanalytic approach is used to explain the effects in details. Biological effects are also to be highlighted.


There are negative experiences noted from children of healthy families. It is also clear that the majority of participants i.e. offsprings were satisfied by the parenting received. Social support was reported to be a major factor that helped the individuals to cope with the difficulties associated with schizophrenia.


There is a great negative impact associated with growing up with parents who have schizophrenia. However, there can be positive effects when it comes to developing resilience.


Schizophrenia can be described as a severe mental disorder that normally effects on how an individual feels, behaves and also thinks (Gray, 1991). Many people with this type of disorder seem like they have come to an understanding and in touch with reality. Schizophrenia may not be common but its symptoms are very disabling.


People with schizophrenia will require enough support from family and health care professionals. Research on the disorder usually has mixed results. Although, treatments focused on psychosocial factors on schizophrenia are very important.

While there is no answer for schizophrenia, investigate is inciting new and increasingly secure drugs. Authorities moreover are loosening up the purposes behind the disease by examining innate characteristics, coordinating behavior look into, and using moved imaging to look at the mind's structure and limit. These techniques hold the certification of new, dynamically fruitful medications (Zubin, 1977).

The multifaceted nature of schizophrenia may help illuminate why there are perplexities about the disease. Schizophrenia does not mean split personality or various character. An extraordinary number of individuals with schizophrenia are not unsafe or unpleasant. They in like manner are not down and out nor do they live in crisis facilities. Most by far with schizophrenia live with family, in social occasion homes or in solitude.

Research has shown that schizophrenia impacts individuals about comparatively yet may have an earlier start in folks. Rates are practically identical around the world. People with schizophrenia will undoubtedly pass on more energetic than the general open, somewhat because of high rates of co-happening infirmities, for instance, coronary sickness and diabetes.

Side effects

They commonly first appear in early adulthood. Men routinely experience signs in their late youthful ages or mid-20s and women much of the time first give proposals in their 20s and mid30s. Progressively unassuming signs may be accessible earlier, including harried associations, poor school execution and diminished motivation.

Right when the turmoil is dynamic, it might be depicted by scenes in which the patient is unfit to perceive real and unbelievable experiences (Zubin, 1977). So also likewise with any affliction, the reality, range, and repeat of signs can vary; in any case, in individuals with schizophrenia, the rate of outrageous twisted reactions normally reduces the patient's lifetime. Not tolerating prescriptions as supported, usage of alcohol or unlawful drugs, and irritating conditions will when all is said in done augmentation signs. Signs fall into a couple of classes:

Positive insane symptoms: Hallucinations, for instance, hearing voices, hypochondriac likes and distorted or twisted acknowledgments, feelings, and practices.

Negative symptoms: A disaster or a decrease in the ability to begin plans, talk, express inclination or find euphoria.

Disruption signs: Confused and jumbled thinking and talk, an issue with steady thinking and all over weird lead or strange improvements.

Weakened acumen: Problems with thought, obsession, memory, and declining informational execution.

Risk Factors

Experts have since a long time back comprehended that schizophrenia all over keeps running in families. In any case, there are different individuals who have schizophrenia who don't have a relative with the perplexity and a while later again, different individuals with no short of what one relative with the unsettling influence who don't make it themselves.

Masters trust that distinctive attributes may fabricate the danger of schizophrenia, yet that no single quality causes the agitation with no other person's data. It isn't yet conceivable to utilize acquired data to anticipate who will make schizophrenia.

Investigators in like way imagine that exchanges among qualities and parts of the person's condition are basic for schizophrenia to make. Natural parts may include:

1. Introduction to defilements

2. Ailing prosperity before birth

3. Issues amidst birth

4. Psycho-social parts

5. Literature review

6. Biological Approach

Sociopaths are generally anxious and effectively unsettled. They are unstable and inclined to passionate upheavals, including attacks of fury. Many of them are uneducated and they spent their life on the edges of society (Gray, 1991). It is troublesome yet not feasible for sociopaths to shape connections with others. Numerous sociopaths can shape a connection to a specific individual or gathering, in spite of the fact that they have no respect for society when all is said in done or its standards. According to other people, sociopaths will give off an impression of exceptionally exasperating. Any violations submitted by a sociopath, including murder, will, in general, be random, disarranged and unconstrained as opposed to arranged.

Psychopaths are unfit to frame enthusiastic connections or feel genuine sympathy with others, in spite of the fact that they frequently have incapacitating or notwithstanding beguiling identities. They are extremely manipulative and can without much of a stretch increase individuals' trust. They figure out how to impersonate feelings, regardless of their powerlessness, and will seem like ordinary to ignorant individuals. They can maintain employment (Zubin, 1977).

While carrying out violations, psychopaths cautiously plan out everything about development and regularly have alternate courses of action aligned. Compared to their sociopath partners, psychopathic culprits are cool, quiet, and fastidious. Their violations, regardless of whether rough or peaceful, will be sorted out and by and large offer couple of hints for experts to seek after. Wise sociopaths make incredible salaried offenders and because of their quiet and alluring natures.

Nature vs Nurture

The reason for psychopathy is not the same as the reason for sociopathy. Statistics state that psychopathy is caused by the consequence of nature (hereditary qualities) while sociopathy is more probable the aftereffect of nurture (environmental condition). Psychopathy is identified with a physiological imperfection that outcomes in the underdevelopment of the piece of the cerebrum in charge of motivational control and feelings (Bateson, 1995). Sociopathy, then again, is almost certainly the result of youth injury and physical/psychological mistreatment. Since sociopathy seems, by all accounts, to be adapted as opposed to natural, sociopaths are fit for sympathy in certain constrained conditions but not in all the people.


This paper is not focused one defining the disorder but the main objective is to reflect the effects of Schizophrenia in relation to psychodynamic psychoanalysis, psychotherapy, without or with proper care, in comparison to a standard or professional care (skills training, antipsychotic drugs) for individuals with schizophrenia.

We also agreed to review if there are any similarities or differences in the response between:

i. Participants living with enough care mostly by family or participants living alone.

ii. Inpatients and outpatients

iii. Individuals having the first episode of the disorder compared to individuals who have had the disorder for a longer duration.

iv. Techniques that incorporate directive and supportive activity and strict professional psychoanalytic techniques.


Studies involved

We chose to include randomized controlled trials in a sensitivity analysis. If there were no significant variances within the primary outcomes after including implied randomization studies, then these were recorded in the final report. In case any difference emerged, then the data of the report were described in the next text.

Types of participants

At this part, we included individuals with schizophrenia disorder and various types of psychoses no matter the diagnostic procedures used. There is no clear evidence that schizophrenia-like psychoses are normally caused by various disease procedure or even require different treatment criteria (Bateson, 1956).

Types of Interventions

There are many definitions of psychoanalytic or psychodynamic therapy just as there are different studies. We chose criteria that were easily workable and the one with the ability to obtain many elements for better practice in psychoanalytic or psychodynamic therapy. Not all interventions really met these criteria (Gray, 1991). The ones that did not meet requirements were labeled as 'psychoanalysis' or 'analytic/psychodynamic therapy', and we included these interventions as 'shallow defined' therapies. Whenever it was appropriate, we then performed sensitivity analysis so as to investigate whether the hierarchy of definition created any difference.

Psychoanalytic Approach

1. Psychoanalysis

This is the regular individual sessions, with a professional psychoanalyst, which is mostly planned to last for at least 30 minutes per session and performed three to five sessions a week.

2. Psychodynamic psychotherapy

This is defined as the regular sessions that involve a therapist or a trained psychotherapist required under supervision. These sessions were normally supposed to be held based on a psychoanalytic or psychodynamic model (Bateson, 1956). They could rely on various strategies like directive or supportive activity, explorative insight-oriented, applied flexibility.

3. Standard care

The normal care an individual would receive if they had not participated in the research trial. Standard care also includes 'waiting list control groups' where individuals receive medications, drugs in our case, or other proper interventions.

4. No care

This category included individuals randomized to no medication or to the waiting list without getting any care.

5. Other psychosocial therapies

These are the additional social or/and the psychological interventions, cognitive-behavioral therapy, e.g. supportive therapy, non-directive counseling, and other different 'talking therapies' (Gray, 1991).

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