Measures That India and China Have Taken to Battle HIV/AIDS, Free Essay

Published: 2022-03-28 09:19:01
Measures That India and China Have Taken to Battle HIV/AIDS, Free Essay
Type of paper:  Essay
Categories: HIV
Pages: 4
Wordcount: 1001 words
9 min read

Several interventions and methods have proved to be effective towards reducing and protecting people against HIV/AIDS infection. Some of the techniques that have been used to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS is the use of female and male condoms, voluntary male medical circumcision, behavioral change interventions, use of antiretroviral medicines and the use of clean syringes and needles. Despite having a wide range of methods that can be used to prevent the spread of HIV in the recent year's new infections among adults have not reduced ("HIV in the United States | Statistics Overview | Statistics Center | HIV/AIDS | CDC"). In China deaths relates to AIDS have increased by 8.6% and 68,802 new HIV/AIDS cases have been reported. The Indian government, on the other hand, estimates that approximately 2.40 million Indians are living with HIV. In India, the epidemic is mostly in the industrialized west and south and the northeast. This essay compares the measures that India and China have taken to battle HIV/AIDS.

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In China, the Government of the People's Republic of China committed itself towards supporting the Political Declaration of the UN General Assembly High-Level Meeting that addressed issues regarding HIV/AIDS. One of China's national development strategy is to adopt the 90-90-90 treatment targets. China provides antiretroviral treatment for all patients who are infected with the virus. The government of China also have' Four frees, one care' policy that aims at giving the people living with HIV free blood tests, screening, consultation, and free education for AIDS orphans. To battle, the problem of HIV/AIDs China launched the 'All in End 'Adolescent Aids platform. The platform dealt with the hidden epidemic of HIV among the adolescents in China (Park). The UN also launched a campaign on Reducing New HIV Infections among the adolescents and young people. The Joint United Nations Team on Aids in China have conducted a joint review of the school-based Comprehensive Sexuality Education. In China programs to reduce gender inequality and gender-based violence have been enforced to help end school violence which results in unwanted sexual behaviors. In the recent years, the government of China lifted the ban that prohibited foreigners that were infected with HIV from visiting the country ("China").

The government of India, on the other hand, established a National Aids Control Program under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The program mainly focused on prevention among high-risk populations, blood safety, improving surveillance and creation of awareness to the general population. The Indian law further banned professional blood donations ("India").

Some of the deceive factors for success by China was that they received support from publications especially the Foreign Affairs and New York Times which helped generate high-profile attention regarding the issue. In India, on the other hand, the various projects undertaken to deal with HIV/AIDS issues tend to receive funding from a variety of sources which include international donors, local contributions and the federal governments of India. India also receives funding and technical assistance from several bilateral donors and UN partners.

The factors that are hindering the success to battle HIV/AIDS in China include lack of access to sexual and HIV reproductive health information by the adolescents due to lack of clarity regarding the age of consent laws. There is also lack of integration of eMTCT in child health and maternal services. The health workers tend to have limited experience. Another hindrance to success is that despite China lifting the ban on foreigners with HIV visiting the country the implementation of those laws tend to vary and related policies are different. China has reduced space for direct technical support of the national AIDS response with the NCAIDS and NHFPC. The China NGO fund also fails to support anti-stigma and discrimination, advocacy and human rights intervention which acts as a decisive factor for failure since it limits the CSOs contribution in the national AIDS response. In India, a key challenge towards the success of battling HIV/AIDS is the delayed release of funds from the state treasury. Another factor that led to the deceive failure towards the measures taken to battle HIV/AIDS in India is the shortfalls of procurement and concern with commodity security for diagnostics, condoms, and drugs ("HIV/AIDS in India").

In conclusion, the spread of HIV/AIDS in India and China is as a result of various factors. In India, the epidemic is mostly driven by unprotected sex between sex workers and their clients and use of contaminated injecting equipment to inject a drug. Both countries have taken up measures to prevent the spread of HIV. The Chinese and Indian government have both taken up measures and implemented policies to help deal with the issue of HIV. There is need to develop various strategies in both countries to enhance the provision of effective CHBC services. The UNAIDS have played a major role in the two developing countries to ensure that the rate in which HIV/AID is spread is reduced significantly through educating the adolescents, provision of funds to be used in various projects dealing with HIV as well as creating awareness through campaigns. The government should intervene to ensure that the challenges encountered are eliminated such as the delayed distribution of drugs and condoms to ensure that people engage in safe sex always.

Works Cited

"China." UNAIDS,

"HIV in the United States | Statistics Overview | Statistics Center | HIV/AIDS | CDC." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 29 Nov. 2017,

"HIV/AIDS Crisis in China | Center for Strategic and International Studies." Center for Strategic and International Studies |,

"HIV/AIDS in India." World Bank, 10 July 2012,

"India." UNAIDS,

JC Nkomo. "Development and Health: The Case of HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa." Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review, vol. 26, no. 1, 2010, pp. 111-126.

Odek, Antony W., and James A. Oloo. "Challenges Facing Community Home Based Care Programmes in Botswana." Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review, vol. 23, no. 2, 2007, pp. 1-17.

Park, Madison. "The Price of Blood: China Faces HIV/AIDS Epidemic." CNN, 10 Dec. 2012.

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