|Type of paper:||Essay|
|Categories:||International relations Karl Marx|
For Marx in "The German Ideology," an individual's ideologies and thoughts are conditioned by the historical disposition of relations of production and powers of production. Marx adds that the bourgeoisie has actively and consistently strived to revolutionize the society to adhere to its superiority complex. The bourgeoisie has consequently turned the proletarians and the peasants of the society into money-hungry animals, enslaving their minds to conform to economic exploitation. Money has consequently become an overturning power that destroys the symbiotic relationship between individuals and the society (Edles & Appelrouth, 2015c. p 56). For instance, through revolutionizing the instruments of production and relation of production, the bourgeoisie, who encompass the ruling class, has torn away from the sentimental and fundamental family and social veil and has reduced such relation to merely money and economic relations. Instead of encouraging the emotional attachment, the dominant ideological relations have actively brainwashed masses and realigned them towards a great and exploitative capitalist mindset that conform to the power of money.
Additionally, irrespective of the pathetic human condition, the possession of money and power regretfully justifies all wrongs as a corrupt, unscrupulous and dishonest man can redeem himself to supreme good with money (Edles & Appelrouth, 2015c. p 55). The restructuring and conforming to the exploitative attitude has enabled the bourgeoisie to regretfully turn lawyers, poets, priests, even physicians into wage laborers. Marx confirms that the bourgeoisie institution preys on nations' narrow mindedness, one-sidedness, and consequential overreliance to rapid improvement in the modes of production and communication as a result of civilization (Edles & Appelrouth, 2015b. p 62). It is evident that despite being considered extreme, Marx highlights and exposes vital issues and mental oppression that the ruling class has constantly adorned on the proletarians and the peasant social class. The implication of human agency has become extreme for the social advancement of contemporary society. The narrow-mindedness and overreliance of economic and capitalist expeditions have promoted overexploitation, greed and extended social crime against the vulnerable peasants.
Further, Marx argues that social organizations and the environment actively determines the perception and economic attitude an individual adopts. A man is only distinguished from other primates and animals due to his extreme abilities to utilize his consciousness to establish a functional and stable social, cultural, economic, and political structure. As a man begins to produce and develop means of subsistence, he becomes the center of history as the means of production actively determines the core nature of man, which is historically inclined to inherit the past condition whether socially, culturally, or economically (Edles & Appelrouth, 2015a. p 39). For instance, human nature is reliant, dependent and ligated to means of production and subsistence which fabricates the historical being. Nevertheless, it is critical to assess the adamant materialistic connection between man, desire, and the means of production, which continuously takes a new and unique form that present historical independence from the existential politics and religion. Embracing the dominant ideologies significantly promoted individualism which makes the bourgeoisie and the proletarians to overexploit the economic sources of production (Edles & Appelrouth, 2015c. p 49) As Marx confirms, even the universal education system in most nations is established to empower and exhaust the activities of the dominant ideologists rather than promoting the wellbeing of the laborer. For instance, while communist society encourages the enrichment and the abolition of the bourgeoisie's individuality and freedom, the extreme economist ideologies embrace the exploitative institution, which creates massive social division, degradation, and unrest within human systems (Edles & Appelrouth, 2015b. p 68).
Marx ascertains that the mode and method of production determined the influence and individual have in society. Besides controlling the reproduction of human existence, the pattern of production determined the social interaction between individuals, which consequently divide people into social classes of the bourgeoisie, proletarians, and the poor. For instance, with an increased division of labor, human economic structure separates commercial and industrial work from agricultural labor. The definite division of labor and the methods applied in production, whether in industry, commerce or agriculture, established patriarchalism, estates, classes and slavery (Edles & Appelrouth, 2015a. p 39). While the industrial and commercial structures are dominated by the ruling class and the proletarians, agricultural labor is actively dominated by the poor and low-class peasants (Edles & Appelrouth, 2015a. p 39). The contemporary society has been adamantly stratified into socio-economic classes, which empowers the bourgeoisie to control nations' economic means of production. Such monopolization of vital economic resources results in prejudice, marginalization, and discrimination of the minority populace in the society. Through the elusive idea of free trade and globalization, the bourgeoisie, the ruling class has massively and brutally overexploited the world-market to benefit a few able cosmopolitan characters rather than establishing a socialistic platform that equally develops all individuals irrespective of their socio-economic class or abilities.
Moreover, despite human beings having consciousness, their consciousness is tainted and not inherent due to the diverse erotic desire that humans possess. Marx believes that the human spirit is continuously burdened by wants and necessities (Edles & Appelrouth, 2015a. p 42). Consciousness is a social product unique only to human beings, which forms at the very existence of man. In society, the mental laborer is viewed a superior to the manual and physical laborer, which creates a significant social gap. It is consequential that the ruling class and the bourgeoisie also possess intellectual prowess that compels them to dominate every aspect of economic and political advancement. Nevertheless, deconstruction of such a deeply rooted institution of capitalism and monopolization required an organized and extreme liberal mindset that embraces the state as an expression of freedom rather than advocating for individualistic objectification of liberty (Edles & Appelrouth, 2015a). While the bourgeoisie consciousness is adapted to exploiting everyone, eradicating the exploitative and discriminative conceptualization requires a socialistic attitude, drive, and determination. However, since capitalism is deeply rooted in human history, it is almost impossible to eradicate the institution as many communist claims (Edles & Appelrouth, 2015b). But though regulation of the ideologies and the subsequent activities of the dominant bourgeoisie and proletarians, capitalism can result in positive and enriching outcomes. While many bourgeoisies argue that eradication of capitalism would result in destruction of economics and universal laziness, is regulated through constant consideration and empowerment of the peasants.
Conclusively, the relationship between nations is actively shaped by the production model and the levels of development. However, Marx's extreme views depict diverse implications on human agencies within the socio-cultural, economic, and political spheres. The dominant ideological group that encompasses the bourgeoisie, which utilizes their influence and economic prowess to overexploit and oppress the lower-class individual adamantly. The individualistic attitude created by the capitalists has turned humans into unconscious beings that only focus on generating income irrespective of the repercussion their activities have on the society. The quest to dominate and acquire massive means of production has consequently resulted in mental slavery as mental production has been elevated to represent superiority within the narrow-minded and one-sided economic expeditions. Additionally, dominant bourgeoisie ideologies have crippled the society, uplifting few individuals who actively oppressing the majority of the laborers. Nevertheless, eradicating the dominant ideologies, adequate preparation, and empowerment of the majority peasants and the proletarians middle class are essential to change the attitude of pettiness and embrace to revolutionary mindset that aims at protecting the future.
Edles, L. D., & Appelrouth, S. (2015a). Sociological theory in the classical era. Excerpt from Karl Marx's, the German Ideology (1845-1846). Third edition. Sage. Carlifonia. Los Angeles
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