Essay Example on Exploring Christian Apologetics, Faith, and Philosophical Perspectives

Published: 2023-10-14
Essay Example on Exploring Christian Apologetics, Faith, and Philosophical Perspectives
Type of paper:  Essay
Categories:  Philosophy Religion Christianity
Pages: 7
Wordcount: 1750 words
15 min read

Chapter 1: Nature of Apologetics

Taylor highlights how Christians should behave when asked about why other people should have hope in Christ. Based on 1 peter 3:15, Christians must offer positive arguments about why they believe in Christ, and this should not, in any case, replace the reality of faith being the primary way of becoming a Christian. It is also important to note that faith basing on life's truth revolves around philosophical, historical, scientific, and personal experiences. Hence, this tends to bring out variability in the critical thinking of those individuals seeking answers about hoping in Christ. More so, evangelists and apologetics should always be humble and patient in constant prayer to allow the Holy Spirit to respond effectively to the listener to convict them to believe the reasons for hope.

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Chapter 2: Faith and Human Wisdom

Taylor takes a keen interest in the relationship between faith and reasoning. Even though having faith should not be conflicting with logic, a Christian's belief in God does not only involve having faith but also their mind and heart. Even though Paul engaged in some reasoning with the Athenians, he argues that spirit empowered evangelism was critical in ensuring apologetics' success. Taylor claims that both Christians and non-Christians tend to believe in things they have experienced and perceived regardless of whether they are backed with evidence. Therefore evangelism should be based on substantial evidence or self evidentiary to justify claims about hoping in Jesus. This is essential in calming opposition against the Holy Spirit, providing evidence on spirituality.

Chapter 3: Objections to Apologetics

More opposing claims are brought about how atheists and non-atheists perceive God. Theists argue that God's mysteriousness makes it impossible for him to be understood, and the evil of sinning is blinding the non-believers from receiving the truth. However according to Taylor, non-atheists, on the other hand, believe that knowledge about God is acquired through human reasoning. However, both atheists and non-atheists ignore the existence of God's revelation through grace to those willing to know him. The Danish Christian objects the validity of reason with the supremacy of God. He claims that knowledge about God should not be based on objective history and philosophy. Faith and trust should be built on the experience of God's grace. Furthermore, this kind of teaching should solidly be grounded in both evidence and confidence in God's existence.

Chapter 4: Relevance of Apologetics

Chapter 4 addresses the importance of apologetics to a human being. Aristotle claimed that human beings desire to know things naturally. Therefore, the inborn curiosity existing cognitively in the human mind could be essential in making people understand more about God. Apologetics helps people to acquire meaning and understanding about the mysteries of God. People tend to find hope and comfort in higher and supreme powers than themselves. Therefore, Taylor thinks it is more practical to convince people about the faith found in God with the use of practical reasoning and sound apologetics approach to persuade people about the love of God about them. More so, when people get convicted about God's love for them, they positively respond to the Christian faith.

Chapter 5: Apologetics and the Heart

Taylor acknowledges the grace and freedom accorded to human beings through the death of Jesus. In the Old Testament, God would manifest punishment whenever people wronged against him. However, after the end and the resurrection of Jesus, God allowed people to do as they please even though it leads to sin, death, and eternal suffering. It is essential to agree that a restless heart thirsts for evil and sin. More so, all this has a root in the quest for happiness and self-fulfillment. However, God knows how to stir people's hearts back to him through sin's adverse effects. Therefore, apologetics must criticize crime and not sinners. People respond when they are no judged differently by others.

Chapter 6: Audiences for Apologetics

Chapter 6 focuses on the possible audiences the apologetics will meet. With a wide variety of people with different personalities and characteristics, Taylor supports that evangelists need to distinguish between doubters and critics. Not noticing the insincerity in the questions critics ask is vital in providing a critical answer to draw them towards the seekers' side. Seekers are individuals who are genuinely desperate for the truth and are ready to learn even if their mistakes are used as examples in the learning process. Doubters mainly require guidance on a few concepts regarding their faith to convict them fully. Christians can also be doubters, and therefore apologists should focus on assuring them from scriptural shreds of evidence to enhance their confidence.

Chapter 7: Worldview Opinions

The view about the perception of God globally is addressed. However, based on the cosmos and the pantheism view, which seem to differ sharply in their concepts, it enables us to get a clear picture of how God is perceived globally. The cosmos believe nature is accountable for its current state through the self-sustainability phenomenon. More so, it explains that human beings' existence was a result of accidental occurrences in the motion of matter. According to Taylor, the complexity and the reality of human beings could not have been a misfortune. Therefore, the cosmos view does not provide meaning and purpose. Thus, the apologist has to utilize this opportunity to convince people to acknowledge the essence, use, and the existence of God through pantheism spirituality belief.

Chapter 8: Monotheism

Monotheism entails the existence of one God, as elaborated in chapter 8. Even though there are other beliefs such as polytheistic gods, various philosophers have condemned that these gods lie, murder, and cause chaos. Since gods are expected to be supreme and have supernatural dominance over human beings, it is so impractical since human beings create most of the polytheistic gods. Furthermore, critics try to compare monotheism and polytheistic existence of gods due to the trinity. Even though the trio has a significant impact on Christianity, critics find it wrong since only God accorded the ultimate power. Critics should not consider the bible as a fictional or a scientific book but should always be regarded as a practical and poetic book that addresses all audiences. Therefore, Taylor believes it is essential to agree that the bible acknowledges God as omnipotent, omnibenevolent, and omniscient. Some philosophers claim that there is no biblical support of these statements.

Chapter 9: Cosmological Explanation

Chapter 9 has a keen focus on the beginning. Deep understanding of creation revolves around cosmological explanations that are in constant conflict with the philosophical constraints. It is reasonable to argue that nothing comes out of nothing. Therefore, acknowledging that there must be a source and an original influence that developed the earth is essential. Even though many philosophers and geographers have come up with theoretical explanations of the world's origin, Taylor states that these theories are far much questionable. However, the Christian doctrine explaining the creation and the source of the earth is far much reasonable as God is the center of nature, and all the universe depends on him for survival. Scientific references provide a closer look into the already existing components, but it is limited in giving shreds of evidence on the earth's origin.

Chapter 10: Teleological Explanations

Teleological explanations claim the nature and the design of the universe is under one influential being. In this claim, God is placed at the center as the master designer of the world. Furthermore, the structural organization of nature is convincing that it was organized. Based on the creation story, it is seen that God was very systematic in placing things in the right place. Furthermore, Taylor claims that contingency cosmological claims point out that God is the master organizer since all his works are inclined towards supporting the existence of humanity, who is the critical creature of creation. Darwin explains the survival of the fittest concept, where most organisms survive in the environment. However, it is right to acknowledge the scientific evidence based on genetics, which agrees with the transfer of suitable characteristics to offsprings, enhancing survival. Furthermore, these claims do not conflict with God being the creator of the universe.

Chapter 11: The Problem of Evil

Evil is used to criticize the existence of a good God. Many critics utilize the challenges presently evident in the world to challenge if truly God exists then why people should suffer. However, it is essential to differentiate the two types of evil present in society. Moral and natural catastrophes are the two noted types of crime in the world. Moral evil is depicted from sin, and suffering associated with it results from breaking God's law. In a natural catastrophe, a person's actions bring pain and suffering to them. However, sometimes God allows suffering to bring people close to him. Furthermore, Taylor believes that God does not allow temptations beyond our abilities. More so, many believers ought to be encouraged that pain makes our faith stronger in God.

Chapter 12: The Problem of Evidence

Even though critics claim that God is less powerful since he does not want to make himself known to humanity, there is a lot of evidence proving his existence. However, God does not want to associate in physical contact with human beings since his supremacy supersedes human beings' understanding. Furthermore, the sinful nature of human beings cut the link between God and humanity. However, God is made manifest to those who seek him. Taylor suggests that apologists who always focus on God's supernatural existence quickly convince their listeners than those who try to prove the physical nature of God. Even though many people feel the absence of God in times of need, God is always there for those who seek him. Some people have encountered God's presence in their times of need and can argue that God's presence is enough to prove his existence.

Chapter 13: The Person of Jesus

This addresses the commitment of God through Christ focuses on the identity of Jesus. With the question Jesus posed to his disciple about what did people say he was, simply acknowledges the different thoughts people have about Jesus Christ. More so, even though the gospels of Jesus, which were written by different apostles, Taylor defends that there are only negligible differences that also do not conflict about Jesus’ identity. Even though critics claim that the various gospels about Jesus are insufficient and misleading, both believers and non-believers attribute Jesus to being honest and full of integrity. Therefore, if non-believers accept with universality that Jesus had desirable attributes, it indicates that he was a good man, and this is noted even from some of his enemies.

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