Effects of Globalization on Health in Russia

Published: 2019-08-30 07:00:00
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Globalization is considered as a coterminous that is characterized by experience of the human. The population of humans has been growing since the prehistoric times. Human beings have continued interacting against one another and creating large social, political and economic organizations and at the same time creating new technologies (Blum, 2008). In Russia, the integration level reached its peak during the second globalization wave that began in 1900.After the two world wars, Russia emerged politically divided, and a new wave of social, economic and political swept the country.

The health problem in Russia is known to different scholars as a double burden. In the recent times, the country has recorded an increase in the life expectancy as a result as a result of globalization. Additionally, the changes in brought about by socio-economic development have also increased the spread of non-communicable diseases.

At the same time, most of the low-income earners are at risk of suffering from infectious diseases and birth complications among others. These have been brought about by an increase in the cost of accessing these materials (Holm-Hadulla & Koutsoukou-Argyraki, 2015). Russia is not being able to approve changes in the economy; they have worse health even compared to some of the developing countries that are appreciating changes in the health sector. A large number of the Russian population are relying on the government welfare to be in a position to access health facilities that further expose them to poor health.

Change in Quality of Life in Post-Transition Russia

Before transition, Russia was characterized by high levels of unemployment and health crisis. During the era of the Soviet, the health care system in Russia was very wasteful, centralized and highly inefficient. However, despite these inefficiencies, the health care was still free for the citizens. The old system used to focus on the number of hours or day an individual stayed in the hospital. It thus made individuals be unnecessarily hospitalized. The inefficiencies in the system were exposed when the Soviet broke up. The Russian transition period was characterized by a decline in health care as a result of poor diet and the demand for health care was unmet (Cockerham& Cockerham, 2010). During the transition period, Russia formed a system of health care. The donations from the government were not enough to sustain the system that made them result in a free market type of economic system for the prices to be fixed by the law of demand and supply.

The government in response to the declining rates of birth approved several financial incentives to be provided for mothers together with their infants. Additionally, the government restructured the whole of the healthcare system looking to improve services being offered. The government efforts more fruits during the transition period and has seen an improvement in the children mortality rates as well as the services that are being offered by the health facilities. Additionally, the life expectancy for the citizens has also increased as a result of improved health care services.

Change in Mortality in Posttransition Russia.

Russia mortality rate increased in the 1990s that saw a decline in the life expectancy. One of the main changes that led to mortality rate was the poor health facilities. The deteriorating health conditions in the country led to a high mortality rate. Expectant mothers could not access quality medical services in the health facilities despite these facilities offering free services. The infants, as well as the newborn too, were subject to these poor medicalservices in the health facilities. Additionally, the entire population was suffering a health crisis that was as a result of poor health facilities (Himmelgreen et al., 2014). It was witnessed immediately after Russia broke from the Soviet. The non-governmental organizations sounded an alarm to the government concerning the increased health crises and in turn, the government responded by giving financial incentives to the health sector. However, the finances did little to change the situation as the situation in the health sector was still wanting. Mortality rates continued to rise as communicable diseases also raided the country. It took the intervention of the World Health Organization to reduce the rate even though it reduced by a smaller margin. Even up to now, Russian health sector is still in bad shape and still being responsible for the mortality rates in the country. Other factors that were associated with mortality rates are stress factors after the transition. Stress components are connected with the move to a business sector economy and are made by an ascent in unemployment, work portability, movement, separation, and pay imbalance. It has been demonstrated that a worrying file developed of the previously stated variables serves as a decent indicator of changes in future in post-communist economies. Men in their 40s and 50s who lost their occupations (or needed to move to another employment or locale), whose nation or area experienced expanded imbalance, and who separated their wives was the principal contender to bite the dust rashly in the 1990s.

References

Blum, D. W. (2008). Russia and globalization: Identity, security, and society in an era of change. Washington, D.C: Woodrow Wilson Center Press.

Cockerham, G. B., & Cockerham, W. C. (2010). Health and globalization. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Himmelgreen, D. A., Cantor, A., Arias, S., & Daza, N. R. (2014). Using a biocultural approach to examine migration/globalization, diet quality, and energy balance. Physiology & behavior, 134, 76-85.

Holm-Hadulla, R. M., & Koutsoukou-Argyraki, A. (2015). Mental health of students in a globalized world: Prevalence of complaints and disorders, methods and effectivity of counseling, structure of mental health services for students. Mental Health & Prevention, 3(1), 1-4.

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