Essay Sample on Autism and Asperger's Syndrome

Published: 2023-11-03
Essay Sample on Autism and Asperger's Syndrome
Essay type:  Rhetorical analysis essays
Categories:  Medicine Mental disorder Autism
Pages: 4
Wordcount: 928 words
8 min read

Autism Spectrum disorder is a situation of brain enhancement that affects how an individual perceives and even socializes with others, thus causing issues in social communication and interaction. The disorder also comprises repetitive and limited patterns of behavior. Asperger's is a recently used to diagnose autism spectrum. In the year 2013, it turned out to be the portion under one umbrella diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) based management of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders referred to as DSM-5. To World Health Organization (WHO) defines Asperger syndrome (AS) as a key to the autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or pervasive development disorders (PDD), thus the term for the collection of psychological situations that are mostly characterized by abnormalities of communication and social interaction.

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When autism and Asperger's were deliberated distinct disorder under the DSM-5, the symptoms related to Asperger's Disorder were the similar as those outlined for autism; hence children with Asperger's do not commonly possess delays in areas of language and communication (de Giambattista, Ventura, Trerotoli, Margari, Palumbi & Margari, 2019). As mentioned recently, Asperger’s is not the segment of autism spectrum disorders. Hence, back when the signs had their diagnosis, the symptoms seem closely similar to that of autism disorders. The similarities between the two disorders are as follows:

  • There is hardship in interpreting verbal and also non-verbal language.
  • Difficulty in gaining skills for facial expressions, jokes, gestures, etc.
  • Seeming insensitive, strange, blunt, inappropriate, rude
  • Limited interests
  • Difficulty in showing emotions and feelings
  • Struggling in better understand of other’s feelings and thoughts
  • Difficulty in making new friends
  • Depth in skills in the region of interests
  • Highly sensitive to specific textures, smells, tastes, sounds, etc.
  • Repetitive and restricted behaviors.


Autism and Asperger’s are no longer influenced by separate diagnoses. An individual who might have recently received an Asperger’s diagnosis instead currently receives a diagnosis of autism disorder. But most people who were previously under the diagnosis of Asperger’s in the aspects of 2013 criteria are still undergoing the same psychological procedure. Moreover, most people also consider Asperger’s and Autism as part of their characterized identity (de Giambattista, Ventura, Trerotoli, Margari, Palumbi & Margari, 2019). This is mainly considering the stigma that yet around autism diagnosis in most societies around the globe. Still, the only actual difference between the two diagnoses is that individuals with Asperger's might have been deliberated as containing an easier period passing a neural classical with only "still" symptoms and signs that might resemble those related to autism. Although it is difficult to test Intelligence Quality scores of children with autism spectrum disorder since of the nature of the disorder; and is later recognized as the above and average intelligence scores. Again, those with Asperger's are termed to greatly predominantly score on par with or extreme than their peer relations. Mostly they have superior IQ scores. Generally, individuals with Asperger do not struggle from speech inabilities and impairment that are commonly characterized by those with ASD. While there might be hardship in gaining skills of subtitles of speech (for instance jokes, idioms, or sarcasm), individuals with Asperger's can annunciate and speak clearly. Additionally, autism spectrum disorders are mostly mentioned in children before they even reach school age. This is since the signs and symptoms (are of which are severity) currently much easier as compared to those of Asperger’s disorder. Because to impacts communication and sociality, it is easier to go beyond undetected until the influence children difficulties while in school.

Cognitive and Social Skills

Asperger’s syndrome is a sub-kind of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) which is characterized by key issues in social skills and also nonverbal communication, as well as repetitive and limited designs of interests and behavior. The linguistic and cognitive enhancement in Asperger syndrome is preserved which assists us in differentiating it from other related subtypes of autism spectrum disorder. Hence, the significant impacts of Asperger syndrome on cognitive capabilities and brain operations still desired to be researched. Although a visual cut pathology of AS has not be classified yet, past studies have broadly focused on brain imaging methods to investigate Asperger syndromes. In this consideration, different studies related to behavioral, neural makers, and cognitive development shows that children get it hard to understand the social skills through peer relationship (Sanchack & Thomas, 2016). In this paper, similarities, differences, and cognitive and social skills of Asperger are much comparable to the health impact and controls. Recent learning shows that Asperger syndrome have distinct impacts on social skills and interaction of children. Social skills can aid you in a child affected by autism spectrum disorder to understand how to perform in diverse social conditions from talking to grandparents concerning playing with friends while at school. Again cognitive and social skills can also help your child in ways of making friends and learning while developing interests and hobbies at the same time. Individuals with ADS commonly have hardship in reading other peoples’ understanding level, intentions, emotions, and also feelings. This can take complications in evaluating and navigate the social universe.


de Giambattista, C., Ventura, P., Trerotoli, P., Margari, M., Palumbi, R., & Margari, L. (2019). Subtyping the autism spectrum disorder: comparison of children with high functioning autism and Asperger syndrome. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 49(1), 138-150. Retrieved from:

Sanchack, K., & Thomas, C. A. (2016). Autism spectrum disorder: Primary care principles. American Family Physician, 94(12), 972-979. Retrieved from:

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