# A Case Method Approach of Teaching Cost-Volume-Profit - Essay Example

Published: 2023-08-24
 Essay type:Â Quantitative research papers Categories:Â Learning Students Money Financial management Pages: 3 Wordcount: 557 words
143Â views

The alternative approach to teaching CVP was introduced to help the students use the multidisciplinary approach to learning how to apply various equations in the case of a realistic analysis. One of the core requirements in the teaching of the case method was for the students to make an assumption on the cost behavior in an interactive way that is also dynamic. Additionally, there was a need for the student to have a wide array of marketing issues that are capable of stimulating real-life business situations (Machuga, 2012). Further, the information from the CVP analysis is also needed for planning purposes and application on the budget issues. Finally, the results are compared using the income statement, which is based on the planned level of sales.

Is your time best spent reading someone elseâ€™s essay? Get a 100% original essay FROM A CERTIFIED WRITER!

One of the major assumptions made is that students have an essential understanding of finance marketing, management, and financial accounting. They also have to have a basic understanding of managerial accounting. Finally, the students have to be keen to accomplish the CVP goal set (Machuga, 2012).

The case given integrates the CVP analysis and the Flexible Budgeting in enabling the students to understand various stages that exists in establishing a business, preparation of the budget, projection of results, reconciling variances, and monitoring the business. The teaching approach also ensures that the students have understood the critical practical yet crucial management accounting tools which area is done using an integrative approach instead of teaching them as separate things (Machuga, 2012). The case study is crucial because it establishes the dynamic simulation-style exercise that allows the students to make their assumption, vary the inputs, and ascertain how these decisions affect the final outcome.

## CALCULATIONS

Question 1

Assumptions made; a. the sales mix for milk shake will be 60% large and 40 % small

b. suggested sale prices are competitive

Fixed Cost;

Item Amount Total monthly \$

Salary of two workers Each 800 1600

Rental 500

supplies 100

Milkshake maker depreciation 720/36 months 20

Refrigerator/freezer depreciation 480/120 months 4

Countertop depreciation 1200/120 months 10

Tables and benches depreciation 1080/36 months 30

Annual Insurance 600/12 50

Interest on Loan 101.24

Accounting and bookkeeping expense 500

Ownerâ€™S Salary and benefits 8000

Dues and membership fees 167

Maintainace services 400

Sign 100/12 months 8.33

Total Monthly Fixed Cost \$16,840.57

Variable Cost per Unitz\

Ingredient Cost Small Large

Whole Milk \$15 0.05 0.07

Cream \$20 0.31 0.47

Sugar \$10 0.17 0.25

Premium Vanilla Icecream \$24 0.24 0.36

Flavoring 0.25 0.40

Flavored Specialty Straws 0.75 0.75

Cup-8 ounces \$200 for 500 cups 0.400 per cup 0.40 Cup-12 ounces \$250 for 500 cups 0.5000 per cup 0.50

Total Direct Material Cost per Unit \$2.17 \$2.80

Variable Cost Income Statement: using: 40 % small and 60% large sales mix to determine break-even

Small(40%) Large (60%) Weighted total

Sales after taking out the 10% owed to resort \$7*90%=6.3*40% \$1-*90%=\$9*60%=5.400 7.920 per unit

Variable Cost 2.17*40%=0.868 2.80*60%=1.680 2.548 per unit

Contribution margin 1.652 3.720 5.372 per unit

\$16,840.61 per month

Variable Cost Income Statement: using a 40% (small) and 60% (large) sales-mix in determining the break-even sales volume:

Small (40%) Large (60%) Weighted total

Sales after taking out the 10% owed to resort \$7*90%=6.3*40%= 2.520 \$10*90%=\$9*60%= 5.400 7.920 per unit

Variable cost 2.17*40%=.868 2.80*60%=1.680 2.548 per unit

Contribution margin 1.652 3.720 5.372 per unit

Total Fixed costs 16,840.61 per month

1) You will need to sell 3,135 milkshakes/month to break even = (\$16,840.61/5.372) 1,254 (3,135*40%) will be small and 1,881 (3,135*60%) will be large.

Variable Cost Income Statement: using 40% (small) and 605 (Large) sales mix in determining break-even sales

Small (40%) Large (60%) Weighted total

Sales after taking out 10% owed to resort \$6.30*1254 milkshakes \$7900.20 \$9*1,881 milkshakes \$16,929.00 \$24,829.20

Variable cost \$2.17*1254 milkshakes \$2,721.18 \$2.80*1881 milkshakes \$5,266.80 \$7,987.98

Contribution margin \$5,179.02 \$11,662.20 16,841.22

Total Fixed costs \$16.16,840.00

Net Income 0.61 rounding error

The break-even sales volume is 3135 milkshakes

## References

Machuga, S. (2012). A case method approach to teaching cost-volume-profit analysis. Journal of Accounting and Finance, 12(5), 104-109.

A Case Method Approach of Teaching Cost-Volume-Profit - Essay Example. (2023, Aug 24). Retrieved from https://speedypaper.com/essays/a-case-method-approach-of-teaching-cost-volume-profit

Request Removal

If you are the original author of this essay and no longer wish to have it published on the SpeedyPaper website, please click below to request its removal:

Liked this essay sample but need an original one?

Hire a professional with VAST experience!