Vaccination gets defined as the use of medicines that contains a weakening component or dead bacteria and viruses to prevent the occurrence of a disease. In most cases when an individual takes a vaccine, his or her immune system reacts by producing antibodies that weaken and destroys the disease causing micro- organism. In the situation where the body gets exposed to a disease in which it got vaccinated against, the body responds by resisting the disease and thus prevents the person from becoming sick. Therefore, the paper gets based on an elaborate discussion of vaccination with the inclusion of the pros and cons.
As mirrored earlier, vaccination is mainly used for purposes of preventing the occurrence of diseases. Equally notable, some vaccines such as rabies gets imaged to be given to an individual when a person experiences the possible threat of getting infected by a disease, for example in the occasion of the prevalence of dog bites. Other vaccines also get offered to persons planning to travel especially to areas that are infected with certain diseases. For example, it may get provided to a person planning to travel to an area which is infested with typhoid fever or even yellow fever. In the same light, it should be noted that vaccinations get administered to people depending on their age groups (In Driver, In Crawford & In Stewart, 2013). There are some which can only apply to adults like that of influenza or the "the flu shot."
There also exist other examples of vaccines which apply to everyone regardless of their age. These kinds of vaccinations include those of diphtheria, tetanus, measles and other related diseases. Vaccinations for diseases such as those of hepatitis B, polio and even tetanus trace their point of administration from birth. These kinds of vaccination are equally given with the principal aim of preventing infants from acquiring the diseases. In addition to the depicted, most vaccines are mainly administered by injections while others gave orally. There are also vaccines which get given depending on the recommended dosage (In Driver, In Crawford & In Stewart, 2013). The dose given is usually dependent on age and other related factors, for example, the health condition of the person that receives it.
Apart from the issues addressed, vaccination also gets argued based on its pros and cons. The major advantages that vaccines contain get noted on preventing an individual from becoming ill. For example, the paper has imaged the ability of vaccination in preventing the occurrence of some diseases. Diseases such as measles, polio, and typhoid among others have been mirrored as those that can be managed a person receives the vaccination (Plotkin, Orenstein & Offit, 2013). An infant equally has got increase chances of survival when born due to the presence of the weakened disease-causing micro- organism in the system. As they grow, they become healthy and develop less complication in their growth.
The next pros get pointed out on the extensive vaccination programs which have been carried via research to eradicate the life-threatening diseases upon the human race. Once a person gets vaccinated, the individual gets relieved of any worry that may come of getting infected with the disease. For example, today, many people are not afraid of getting infected with tuberculosis bacteria because they acquire the vaccine as early as birth. The same gets noted on polio which for many years was a severe threat, especially in the infants. Today, polio vaccine is also administered to infants when they are still a few weeks old and the mentioned forms the underlying reason for the reduction of polio cases (Plotkin, Orenstein & Offit, 2013).
The third pros get founded on the financial relief which it offers to many people. A lot of money would have been put into use in trying to fight the disease-causing micro- organisms. The availability of the vaccines can also get discussed to assist not only individuals but also the states. It has relieved the state of the financial budget which it would have set aside in fighting and seeking therapeutic alternatives for various disease. Currently, that money is channeled to other issues that further vaccination research in the effort of rehabilitating the earth of disease causing micro- organisms. The next pros also highlight most of the vaccinations as straightforward and painless. They are usually less painful when getting administered compared to other forms of medication that deal with treatment (Teall, 2012). The last pros get noted on the relief it offers to pharmaceutical industries. It enables pharmaceutical industries to conduct their research on various ailments and contribute on the medical field. It equally relieves them of the final load of providing medical solutions for most of the ailments.
Other than the discussion on the pros of vaccination, there equally exist some cons. The first con is mainly based on the susceptibility of newborn babies to other diseases especially if their mothers had been exposed to those kinds of vaccines. As noted earlier, vaccines are primarily the weakened form of the disease-causing micro- organism that is channeled to the human body to protect it from any attack of the related illness. Therefore, there exist chances of a newborn child acquiring the disease due to the improperly developed immune system (Teall, 2012). As a result, of the depicted, the child ends up acquiring the similar disease which the mother received its vaccination. In most circumstances, these diseases may include hepatitis and many others.
The next con gets pointed out on the nature of vaccine. According to most medical scholars, the subject gets viewed as an artificial immunity and may hence interfere with the ability of the body in fighting micro- organisms (Teall, 2012). Natural immunity gets imaged to protect the body for a longer time than vaccination. For example, an individual may assume a life- long immunity against chicken pox after contracting the disease. The underlying reason to validate the depicted gets founded on the ability of the antibodies to develop and offer defensive mechanism against the disease aptly.
The third con gets depicted on the risk of acquisition of both harmful and toxic materials which makes people vulnerable of acquiring other diseases. For example, mercury is one of the chemicals which usually exist in some vaccination but posses' great risk to people due to its toxic nature. The other one is formaldehyde and is mostly associated with its composition of a chemical substance that causes cancer. Vaccination also subjects parents to a state of being bullied due to their lifelong dependent on physician recommendations that may last for decades. They ensure that they follow the doctors' recommendations on the vaccination doses on their children and even to some extent even at their personal level (Warner & Petrucci, 2013). The next con gets noted on its tiresome nature since it involves mobility to various medical centers where the administrations of vaccines are offered. From a religious perspective, it also gets argued that mandatory vaccines infringe on the constitutionally protected religious freedoms. For example, the religious groups offering arguments that link some vaccines to matters that pertains female sterility.
The justification on the depicted gets noted on polio vaccine which has been met with serious challenges with regards to its implementation. The United States of America also argues through its medical practitioners that vaccination targets diseases which have already disappeared, thereby, holding small importance on the people. The medical practitioners also claim that the issue would have been of great benefit if it would have been targeting the current life-threatening infections (Warner & Petrucci, 2013). The final con gets noted on the pharmaceutical companies such as the FDA, and the CDC getting allowed to manage and regulate various vaccines. Researchers in the field of vaccination has gone further in arguing the ineffectiveness of the pharmaceutical industries in getting trusted with the subject and has encouraged on adoption of alternative means.
In summary, vaccination gets portrayed as the protection given to the body to protect it from acquiring certain diseases. The paper has, therefore, succeeded in imaging the issue of vaccination from a very comprehensive perspective as mirrored. The paper has also outlined various pros and cons of the subject from different points of views. Therefore, the issue of vaccination gets noted as a critical area which should be given a keen consideration. It should not only get viewed concerning the benefits which it offers but also in light of some of its disadvantages.
In Driver, C., In Crawford, S., & In Stewart, J. (2013). Being and relating in psychotherapy: Ontology and therapeutic practice.
Plotkin, S. A., Orenstein, W. A., & Offit, P. A. (2013). Vaccines. Edinburgh: Elsevier/Saunders.
Teall, J. L. (2012). Financial trading and investing. Waltham, MA: Elsevier.
Warner, W., & Petrucci, K. (2013). Boosting Your Immunity for Dummies. New York: Wiley.
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