Vegetarian and Vegan - Annotated Bibliography Paper Sample

Published: 2022-02-22
Vegetarian and Vegan - Annotated Bibliography Paper Sample
Type of paper:  Annotated bibliography
Categories:  Vegetarianism Nutrition
Pages: 5
Wordcount: 1287 words
11 min read

Clarys, P., Deliens, T., Huybrechts, I., Deriemaeker, P., Vanaelst, B., De Keyzer, W., et al. (2014). Comparison of nutritional quality of the vegan, vegetarian, semi-vegetarian, pesco-vegetarian and omnivorous diet. Journal of Nutrients, 6: 1318-1332; doi:10.3390/nu6031318.

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According to Clarys et al. article titled "Comparison of nutritional quality of the vegan, vegetarian, semi-vegetarian, Presco-Vegetarian and Omnivorous diet" published by the Journal of Nutrients in 2014 covers the analysis, evaluation and the comparison of nutrient intake and diet quality among vegan, vegetarian, semi-vegetarian, presco-vegetarian, and omnivorous intakes (Clarys,et al., 2014). Moreover, the study uses a mixed research approach to collect data from studies conducted over the last two decades and also online food frequency survey. The research results reflected that the nutrient levels between vegan and omnivorous diet were the same; therefore, the restricted food had lower total energy food, better fat consumption "lower cholesterol, total and saturated fat and high levels of polyunsaturated fat" (Clarys et al., 2014 p.1328 para. 2). Moreover, the nutrient value total scores reflected that the vegetarians, semi-vegetarian, and presco-vegetarians displaced a prudent score between the restricted and unrestricted menus (Clarys et al., 2014 p. 1328). In other terms, the vegan nutrient value content was the best followed by presco-vegetarians, then semi-vegetarian and the last menu in terms of nutrition was that of the omnivorous.

The study is of great importance to the current research of establishing the greatness of the vegan diet to that of vegetarian intake since it provides different scopes of analyzing dietary. A good example is investigating according to the characteristics of dietary; thus, a comparison table of total scores in terms of respondents "qualitative research method" (Clarys et al., 2014). The significance is on understanding the nutrition intake according to dietary macro and micro-patterns; therefore, knowing total consumption, nutrient density, and the healthy eating index (Clarys et al., 2014). Additionally, Clarys et al. (2014) cover the meaning and eating habits of the different types of vegetarian diets; for example, the presco-vegetation and semi-vegetarian diets include moderate consumption of meat and fish. Next, all the menus established within the study promotes the intake of dairy products, for example, milk.

I come to understand that there are different classifications of vegetarian diets, for example, presco and semi-vegetarian menus. Moreover, I have learned that most likely outcomes associated with nutritional intake, quality, and quantity are directly linked to body weight. Furthermore, the research enhanced an indisputable fact that vegan food has high and quality nutrient contents than vegetarian food. Finally, I realized that restricted diets are more healthy than free food.

Mann, S. (2014). More than just A diet: An inquiry into veganism. Anthropology Senior Theses. Paper 146. Retrieved from

In Mann's senior thesis titled "More than just a diet: An inquiry into Veganism" published by Anthropology Senior Theses in 2014, explores the reasons promoting the presently gained momentum on the consumption of vegan diets. Moreover, the thesis covers both the health and ethical based reasons as to why vegan foods are outdoing vegetarian diets in the current market. First, Mann (2014), explores the background history of a vegan diet to establish the grounds of the topic and why it is of great importance to the community. The context covered within the veganism background highlights that the question enhances the Vegan diet is not just about the health or well-being of the city, but it also explores the ethical standards of the society (Mann, 2014). The paper reflects on the fact that veganism is of great importance towards the consumer's health, but there are concerns raised on the same sphere. Ideally, the study provides a precise picture of the vegan diet in respective of nutrition if the intake about the moral beliefs established by scientific and literal stereotypes (Mann, 2014).

The research blames lack of awareness on the nutrition and health levels of the vegan dietary as the principal reason to the confusion about the intake and misjudgment on vegetarian dietary as the more excellent menu (Mann, 2014). By using a mixed approach to gather data and analyze it, the resulted indicated that veganism is healthier and more nutritious to human well-being than vegetarian diets. The reasons portrayed by the research suggested that a well-established vegan diet is healthy since it consists of a wide range of food, specifically high contents of vegetables and fruits; thus, responsible for the decline of diabetes and cancer among others (Mann, 2014). Moreover, the diet is rich in nutrients such as calcium, vitamin D, iron, and vitamin B-12. Besides, the research also identifies regular vegan activities as assist in ensuring that they are healthy (Mann, 2014). Lastly, the pronounce stereotypes of vegan food are unfounded; thus, lack scientific evidence making the dietary more superior to vegetarian dietary.

My experience while going through the thesis was that vegan food is not just a diet meant for a particular group, but also non-vegans can benefit from the intake. Additionally, most of the vegan dietary consumers work out as a means of ensuring they stay fit and healthy. Finally, not all myths and stereotypes established to reduce vegan food consumption are true since scientific evidence has not reached.

Harvard Women's Health Watch. (2014, April). Is a vegetarian or vegan diet for you? Retrieved from

According to Harvard Women's Health Watch in their article "Is a vegetarian or a vegan diet for you" published in 2014 by the Harvard Health Publishing Education Website, provides information that enables people to choose which diets they are comfortable in consuming. First, the article focuses on the elderly group, those above the age of 55 who rarely or do not red or white meat but is in preferring a predominantly plant-based menu (Harvard Women's Health Watch, 2014).

Additionally, the group is interested in the ethical grounds that lead people into becoming vegetarian or vegan, for example ethically eating plant-based meals since they do not want to harm any living organism, for example, animals. Ideally, the entire article covers the reasons why both vegetarian and vegan eating habits are of great importance (Harvard Women's Health Watch, 2014). Some of the reasons why these eating habits are of great significance are because they promote lower body mass index, which reduces health risks such as heart illnesses, diabetes, and cancer among others. The article finally concludes that vegan diets are a better menu than the vegetarian because veganism consists of a plant-based diet, but a vegetarian can consume small amounts of animal products.

The article is additional support on the fact that vegan menus are better than vegetarian food. To support the event, the Harvard Women's Health Watch (2014), promotes that fact that vegetarian and vegan can be nutritious but at some time not healthy when it lacks useful nutrients. Next, the natural nutrients in both menus are calcium, protein, iron, and vitamin B12. In simple terms, the article states that when vegetarians depend on dairy products for some sources of nutrients vegans rely on plants due to the production of heart-healthy fats (Harvard Women's Health Watch, 2014). Furthermore, it associates people with the need to lose weight; thus, a clear indication that vegans do not need losing weight since they are fit and healthy. Moreover, it is clear that the article portrays vegetarians with the habit of eating out since its menus flock the market next if one needs to establish himself/herself as a vegan, he/she needs to start by increasing the number of vegetables on each meal (Harvard Women's Health Watch, 2014).

I have had the opportunity to learn the difference between vegan and vegetarian menus. Also, it is of great importance that most of the plant oriented meals served at food joints are mostly vegetarian and not vegan. Finally, I have established a plan on how to become a vegan.

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