Essay Example: Statistical Methods in Psychological Research

Published: 2023-07-10
Essay Example: Statistical Methods in Psychological Research
Type of paper:  Essay
Categories:  Psychology Research Statistics Intelligence
Pages: 3
Wordcount: 604 words
6 min read

The purpose or intention of the research is to get the answer to the question, "Can short-term memory be trained?" It is known, believed, and noted that training the more complex working memory is a bit simple for those with this kind of mind since they in ease grab any new thing that they are given. Nevertheless, this has not been prolonged to the more straightforward short-term memory system in charge of sequential verbal recall. The main of this paper is, therefore, going to determine or to give the right answer to this question, as I earlier indicated. "Can short-term memory be trained" despite the argument above?

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With adaptive teaching algorithms that are said to be widely applied in working memory training, we started the investigation on research. We h-From the Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Science Unit (CBU), we recruited eight English-speaking adults who were aged between the age of 18 to 35 years to help in the research. The University of Cambridge Psychology Research Ethics Committee approved the study. The participants were distributed to exercise conditions that were "digit span, circle span, change detection, and no training" on a random origin, matter to the restraint that there were respectively 20 members in exercise condition. This sample scope yields control of .91 to detect a select result size, f2 = .35 with an overall direct reversion model (GLM), and .55 to identify an average consequence size, f2 = .35. The taster size was gritty on the foundation of the results of a meta-analysis of close transmission succeeding WM training reported. On the foundation of the partially presented suggestion, they settled that, in contrast to the sound transmission start succeeding in working out on multifaceted WM tasks, advances in verbal STM are at the finest. "

The procedure that was followed was explained below. The individuals were supposed to make at least a two 3-hour visit to the CBU. On the very first visit, each of the individuals was given an iPad that contained a retina display. It was only hypothetical to be used for the experiment and would just provide access to the exercise program. The participants did away with the first experiment or task from the Automated Working Memory Assessment (AWMA). After the recording of the first task, the individuals had results that were not similar. In presenting this on the letter spam, a stimulus set got composed as B, F, H, J, L, M, Q, R, and S. After this, the letters on a 3by 3was arranged in alphabetic order. Before the second trial, each group was first given directions on how they would carry on with the task. They were given directions, and they were then supposed to submit a final experiment. On submitting the final and also the last data, the ANOVA was performed on the scores in each session for the exercise condition. The results were:

digit span. F (19, 361) = 7.691, MSE = .497, p < .001; circle span, "F (19, 361) = 6.275, MSE = .358, p < .001; color change detection K, F (19, 361) = 8.774, MSE = 1.227, p < .001; color alteration uncovering trouble, F (19, 361) = 50.574, MSE = 1.447, p <.001."

On results, the conclusion from the second result showed clearly that there was a difference between the two groups of short-term individuals and the complex working mind. After the clear instructions were issued, then the task was easy to conduct to the individuals said to have short-term memory. That way, the answer is Yes, the short-term memory individuals can be trained and learn well after training.

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