Expectations by the employers such as the provision of job search tips, providing help in writing resume and how to select the best childcare provider is a burden to women combining work and family. There is an opportunity that a work plan can include training of mothers on how to value employment and self-sufficiency. In such a case, it is worth noting that there will be no need for welfare. For this specific text, the concentration in the presence of barriers faced by mother in the professions, support needed by mothers, consequences of lack of social policies that can provide protection to mothers, cost of stay at home. In addition to this, the paper has also included the issue on the challenges that were facing poor and working-class mothers. In response to the ideologies, scholarly work by Coontz, Schultze, Edin, Hay, Stone and Lovejoy have been used to support the claims.
Support needed by Mothers
For mothers in professions require to be relieved from all home duties. Such a platform is essential to mothers as it provides them with ample time to devote themselves to the workplace completely. Time spent by the mother at home when attending to house chores is one of the areas that the mother needs much assistance. The practice is associated with the consumption of much time off and energy (Schultze, 2004). The response that should be established to mitigate such a situation is by helping a mother in planning for the activities they take at home and the workplace. One of the approaches that can be implemented is by use of the method of providing welfare services to the mothers (Schultze, 2004). Women need to provide with assistance in the perspectives of dealing with their roles, especially for mothers who have been doing the male-dominated jobs that require relatively much energy and time.
More support on the tasks that are given to pregnant mothers should be carefully designed. The reason behind this is because pregnant women are characterised by aspects of being more irrational, and even being less authoritative regardless of their actual performance (Schultze, 2004). On the other hand, the mother can be assisted by the approach to valuing their work. The System of the reform should be aimed at providing financial incentives. In this way, the work ethic is instilled in the system and the mothers' benefits much from the operations as the level of commitment will be increased. The logic that is being applied in to need to be revised so that maximum support can be availed to mothers in the professions and mothers in the middle class. Another kind of assistance that can be provided to mothers is on the concept of training mother within a specified period for them to adapt to the difficulties of balancing work and home duties (Hay, 1996). The approach of use of sanctions is the other fantastic platform that is the potential of making mothers be in the position of complying with the welfare rules.
Public support systems although set to support disadvantaged women and mothers, great male norms set them. They shame mothers for not having breadwinners. This support programmes although avails women childcare time. They are not enough to lift them out of poverty lines. Single motherhood does not necessarily put a family into poverty (Coontz, 1997). If working women do not give their children good care, the children suffer most. This hinders children from developing full potential. If children do not realize the full potential even the nation, in general, loses a lot in human capacity (Edin & Shaafer,2015) Promoting working mothers goes ahead to promote future innovations in that when children are availed education they might be future economic drivers.
Challenges faced by mothers in professions
Hay (1996) argued that mothers in businesses face challenge family values that are enforced in the welfare office. It is a requirement by the mothers to ensure that they provide financial support for their children as well as managing their arrangements of childcare. Other tasks that mothers in the professions as required to monitor their children are on making sure that the children attend school, they receive all necessary vaccinations. In addition to this, mothers have the obligation of taking part in the activities of identification, locating, as well as the need for demand for economic assistance to the family (Edin & Shaafer,2015). Coontz (1997) has pinpointed out that mothers in profession tend to devote their efforts, energy and income to the ageing parents, instead of investing with the finical institutions. Instead of focusing on how they can grow their families economically, mothers in the professions find it difficult to ignore the problems at hand and opt for saving their income.
Crittenden (2001) have presented the invisibility that is associated with tasks that women provide at home. More importantly, Crittenden has noted that the darkness of the jobs that women die at home are some of the reason that makes them have feelings of anger as they are always busy. Due to the problems in family relationships, mothers in the profession also lacks freedom of family income. (Schultze (2004) went ahead and put forward that many cases have made women run away from work places due to the concept of an ideal worker.
Consequences of lack of social policies that can protect mothers
Lack of social policies that can protect women results in sufferings. When mothers are not assisted by the procedures to be in the position that they can attend to various tasks at home and work, conflicts arise, and the result is disturbed family relationships. One of the consequences that experienced is marriages breaking. The observer which is the society responds by the people choosing to be single while others are wanting to stay at home (Stone & Lovejoy, 2004). The decisions made generally are associated with adverse effects that affect some families and their relationships.
Most middle -class women have conformed to the olden times ideas. They have fallen into the plans of caretaking for the family as their husband take the financial responsibilities. They suffer the consequences of having a family. For they do not work, they suffer economic and other benefits losses. These traits expose them to poverty at old age (Crittenden, 2001). They also find it difficult to re-enter the job market once the children are old. For time spent up - bringing the family is considered as idle time. This should not be the case for parenting is also a learning family. Women with families are delivering better at workplaces than young girls; parenting trains one to be responsible. This is mostly transferred to work by mothers. This promotes their output.
Working-class mothers cannot afford to stay at home. They suffer consequences for they experience policies that are not family-friendly at their workplaces. They mostly work in the lower-wage sectors, which have inflexible schedules. They are forced even to work during the weekends. If during their free time, they at times called to work when a need arises to be paid for extra hours worked. This denies them a little chance to give proper caretaking to the families. This irregular working hours significantly affect balancing between family and work (Schulte, 2014). Unlike middle - class women who have resources in their well - paid husbands. Although they can get financial support from organizations such as TANF, they opt to work to feed their families.
Cost of stay at home
Families with mothers who stay at home are affected by partial equity in their relationships as only the father is the source of income for the family. Married women are more likely to quit a job because the idea of family is built highly around the concept of motherhood (Coontz, 1997). This mounts pressure to resign to the married women. With the high number of women in the professional careers opting to stay home, this shows a huge desire by women to stay home (Stone & Lovejoy, 2004). This is statistically supported by the many research done. This shows women are for the stay home idea. The decision by women to quit revolve around children pressure, husbands' demands and work conditions. W
Challenges that were facing poor and working-class mothers
Women are highly expressing desire to do part-time jobs. Women doing part-time jobs make them feel relieved from demands by family. The workplace hours are very inflexible; that is employees can only leave at certain set times by their employer (Stone & Lovejoy, 2004). Most women quit the assignment to cover the children demands. Children from toddler to school going age need mother support. This triggers most women to decide to leave the job. No one can care for the children better than their mothers. They do not want to entertain the idea of nanny taking care of their children. Most mothers are influenced by husbands' decisions to quit. This ranges from failure by husbands to help in parenting. Parenting is a time-consuming task, and if only left to mothers, it weighs heavily on them (Hays, 1996). They are unable to properly execute job demands and family roles rendering them to quit. In families where husbands earn more than their wives, their earnings are treated as secondary earnings.
In conclusion, support to mothers, both poor and working class as home duties require much attention that consumes time and energy. An ideal worker is expected to be available at the workplace as per the prescribed time. There are many barriers that mother face and in response, appropriate policies need to be established to assist them in overcoming the challenges. Mother is not always available to attend to their work needs. Shultze (2004), affirmed that mothers could not fall in the category of ideal workers. Shultze (2004) has also reported that when women become pregnant, there is a high possibility that they will be fired. On the other hand, Stones has affirmed that most women choose to stay home with their children instead of making a combination of work and family. Crittenden (2001) has it that domestic work requires women to sacrifice much of their energy and time. Women put many efforts to avoid conflicts that might arise, with the purpose of preserving their relationships others, face great parenting responsibilities which assist then in establishing children wellbeing and their family financial progress. This being the case, it is famous for policies to set to assist mothers in managing work and caring for their families.
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