Free Essay Example: Design and Build a Route

Published: 2022-12-16
Free Essay Example: Design and Build a Route
Type of paper:  Report
Categories:  Project management Strategic management Business plan
Pages: 4
Wordcount: 1015 words
9 min read

A single contractor is responsible for the design, execution, and coordination of the work (Aibinu and PapadoniKolaki, 2016, pg.1). Therefore, the project team is required to provide tender documents to a particular contract who will fill in and deliver the proposed project cost and project duration. According to the design and build route, the client can easily minimize on costs and risks involved in the process as a single contractor is engaged in the entire project process from its design to full completion (Kibert, 2016, pg.1). Therefore, since the risks of the client are minimized, the contractor is then tasked to deliver the project and bare all the risks involved in the development of the plan. The route is beneficial since the client would reap benefits from the contractor's design knowledge and ability to control the construction costs that the project may entail. Also, the design and build route reduces the sequence of work and makes the tendering process easier and more suitable for the proposed project.

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Traditional Route

Under this route, the owner is responsible for the entire project process. Before the tendering process begins, the owner has to appoint a designer as well as consultants before the tendering process for the contractor starts. The designer is supposed to design the project while the consultants are responsible for providing consultation on the possible project duration and costs that would be involved. Therefore, after the designer and consultants have done their work, the client is then tasked to institute a tender through which a contractor is appointed. The traditional route involves contract briefing which is done by the consultants, designing which is effected by the appointed designer, tendering process which is used to select the contractor and the final route is construction. Construction begins after the tendering process since the contractor is the form which wins the tender to undertake the construction project. The contractor may submit to the client the design materials and estimated costs or may also be involved in the preliminary stages of the project so that their skills and knowledge may be applied in the entire project development process. However, the route is risky since the contractor may not be involved in the design process of the contract as the designer and contractor are appointed differently to undertake the project.


The project team should use the design and build procurement route. The plan and build route involves a single contractor in the entire project, thereby minimizing the control and manage risk to the client. Therefore, the course involves minimal sequential work and is done as per the estimated costs and a project duration of the contractor. Also, the contractor will be responsible for the execution and coordination of the project thus driving it towards full completion. Also, the contractor is involved in the entire project process thus employing his knowledge and ability at every phase, which may lead to a reduction in the total project costs compared to the traditional approach. The client can also benefit on earlier commencement of the project unlike in the conventional procurement route.

Tendering requirements for the design and building procurement route

The tendering requirements in the design and build procurement involve time cost and quality.


The client always requires a contractor who will complete the project within the shortest period. Therefore, the contractor needs to show to the client how they would deliver the project within the minimal project time to win the tender. Thus, there is a need for more overlap between the design and construction of the project to ensure the project is completed in the shortest possible time.


The client always awards the construction tender to the contractor with the lowest project cost. Although some stages of the construction involve fixed costs, for example, the design, the client will require the construction to be within the minimum project costs. Therefore, the contractor needs to show greater cost certainty of the project to ensure the client wards them the contract to design and build.


Quality is a performance characteristic of the contractor and the contractor needs to demonstrate this to the client through the estimated project time and project cost. Quality of the contractor means the work will be reliable, durable and efficient upon its completion.

Risk apportionment

The client needs to know how the risks involved in the project may be included and controlled. In this case, the contractor will bear all risks since they are tasked to provide the client with certainty that the project will be done at minimal cost and time. Due to this, project uncertainty of the client is reduced advancing him or her with minimal risks.

Why the procurement of construction deliverables is different from other products

Construction deliverables are products or services a project generates and produces for its client, consume or the sponsor of the project. It involves the products that the project sources to its stakeholders for example in the construction of a house, building the house is the project deliverable. When the house is built there are construction deliverables such as the provision of office space and accommodation space which are rented out for rental fees. The construction deliverables enable the client to benefit from the project have invested heavily in its construction and development. Also, a project deliverable involves communication, management, internal or external, unlike other products which are sourced into the market for buying and selling. Project deliverables take time to construct and generate results to the stakeholders. Also, construction deliverables are continuously monitored by the project team to ensure there are proper execution and coordination of the construction project. The monitoring provides that the construction work is done as per the contract documents and requirements. Whenever the construction deliverables are 80% complete, the contractor needs to call for inspection of the entire project to ensure the construction deliverables receive a verification of acceptance which is written. When the construction deliverables are completed, it is approved for payment as invoices from the contractor are reimbursed to compensate him or her for the contractual services during the construction of the project.

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