Essay Sample #1 - Definition of Lying
It is amazing how delusional it is that people have to lie even to themselves. Funny enough some lie not just to get out of a pressing situation but for excitement, appease others, get rewards, and get sympathy or even to win attention of others. Following the reasons for lies, there different types of lying. Some of the common types of lies include lies of commission and lies of omission.
At some point in life, everyone finds themselves having to lay for one reason or another. The type of lies depends on the ease with the liar will achieve their intentions. For instance, one could lie in a presentation to keep their audience fixed and engaged, to create emotions or event to have them sympathize with the presenter. The tone and mode of lying occurs almost automatically and so fast that even the lair might not notice that they are lying or even the next word they will tell their audience. For the excitement purposes, many people find themselves using the lies of commission. For the lies to be classified in this category, the lair must have twisted the truth of fact so that the lie or the twisted true version will create emotions or cause the audience to respond in the intended manner. One could also find themselves using lies of commission to win rewards or get rewards untruthfully. For example, children most use the lies commission with the intention of winning their parents attention. They can fake cry or sickness so that their parents can attend to them more closely and favorably. Adults may also lie with the same motive of winning favors, attention or rewards rather than earning them in the right manner. Over the years, studies have indicated that men have been exaggerating to have flue, coughs or cold to win the attention and care of their spouses. Although recent studies have showed that there are chances that men are more vulnerable to flu, such exaggerations and lies can still be classified as lies of commission where the lair intents to gain sympathy from other people.
The lie of omission or “The whole truth” is one where the lair has to leave a specific crucial aspect of information. The lies of omission are usually difficult to identify because the lair tells the truth, although they omits a significant aspect of the truth the intention of gaining something. Most people find themselves using the lies of omission to avoid punishments. For example, a car accident might have occurred on the road. The driver realizes they were wrong but when reporting, they leave out some parts that show their wrong side. In such case, if the victim of the accident died, the driver avoids the punishment through a narrow escape by using the lies of omission. Others use the lies of omission to appease their peers. By appeasing their peers, relatives of friends, they always hope to gain peace in their lives and support. Teenagers usually find themselves using the lies of omission so that they can be accepted in a certain group of peers.
Essay Sample #2 - Types of Lie
Human beings are erroneous creatures in character and thus are prone to actions that are not morally upright.
Lying is one of the oldest forms of vices whose origin ages way back to the time of creation; according to the Bible where Adam lied to his creator, God on the reason for his hiding from Him.
It is a flaw that has developed in us, sometimes so deeply that we sometimes see it as a norm to get ourselves out of trouble. However, with the development and advancement of lying techniques, scholars and technology experts have come up with ways of telling if one is lying or not by use of psychological observations and use of equipment such as the polygraph. However, that aside, they are various types of lie that have been categorized so as to tell the issue the person lying is going through.
White lies is considered the least serious of all. It is associated with telling a lie that can easily be detected as a lie for example saying that you did not take a friend's pencil when you are actually holding.
Another type of lie is broken promises. This is where one fails to keep their word on an agreed matter and thereby hurting the other party. An example is standing up a girl on a date.
Lie of fabrication is a very common type of lie where a good example is spreading of rumors. It involves telling something without the certainty of its truth.
Plagiarism is the act of stealing someone's work and stating it as your own. It is the reason behind the law coming up with property rights such as the widely known, Copyright. It is a very serious act and is actionable in a court of law.
Compulsive lying refers to the act the telling a lie as a result of low self esteem or with the aim of gaining others attention. This makes it very difficult for the liar to stop lying as they are doing so as to look good in the eyes of others e.g. claiming to be a millionaire so as to gain friends.
Lastly, a very common type of lie is lie of deception. This involves not disclosing all the facts surrounding a subject-matter so ass to mislead others for your own gain. A good example would be a student giving a misleading answer to an academic question to a fellow student so as to remain at the top of the class.
From the above types of lie, we can deduce that people lie for the following reasons:
1. To keep themselves out of trouble from an authority such as their parents.
2. To be loved and readily allowed to associate with a particular group or person.
3. To create and maintain a favorable image of themselves.
4.As a way of making themselves feel more important and relevant in a crowd.
5. To manipulate others so that they can have things go their way.
Lying is bad practice and should be avoided at all costs.
The saying goes, the truth will set you free.
Essay Sample #3 - What Is Lying
Lying in the modern world is a form of crime and lack of responsibility. Types of lies vary depending on reason for lying, length of telling lies and the inability to stop lying even after discovery. The first form of lying is failure to disclose true information during registration process. The use of false details could lead to the cancellation of the registration process, and lack of a user account in most dominant websites. The second from of lying is disclosure of information that contradicts the formally agreed version of events. for example, during a police interview, prisoners could have prior knowledge of the techniques that police use in interrogation, hence providing details that could exonerate them. prior experience by the prisoners during interrogation is essential in avoiding detection, and in forming cohesive bonds among the thieves. The third mode of lying is manipulation of events, or lack of living up o promises. case in point is promise given to Teresiah by Muthoni, to schedule an appointment that Muthoni knows she will fail to show up for.During such occurrences, types of lying manifest with disappointment and frustration by victims of lying.
Reasons for lying vary depending on individual, and the extent of association between the victim and the liar. close individuals tend to lie less often to one another, compared to the degree of lying between unfamiliar people. Societies that are low context in nature have fewer occurrences of lying among the members of the community, manifesting a correlation of lying and the cultural background one derives from. Individuals with demanding and pressuring careers have higher tendencies to lie, indicating factors that could lead an individual to become a pathological liar. Other factors includes lying to avid punishment or awkward situations, such as when toddlers pose embarrassing questions.
in developed nations, the frequency of lying among individuals correlates with lack of integrity and transparency, making laying a way of life. In developing nations, lying affects systems, leading to forms of corruption and embezzlement of funds. other consequences of lying is broken marriages and relationships, since it becomes difficult to maintain interactions that are counter productive.
Lying has inherent benefits, including the avoidance of people and schedules that an individual deems not important. Secondly. lying provides an opportunity to avoid revealing true information or intentions. During a competition, providing the true details to a competitor means lack of competitive advantage. Some social systems and scenarios encourage cheating and lying, as provision of true and legitimate reasons could lead to downfall. Successful lying creates negative behaviors of becoming a pathological liar, affecting the level of transparency and ability to trust someone. professionals are discouraged from lying as it leads to lack of faith in business, and the ability to reflect genuine intentions in trade. the demand for uniformity and trust necessitates the use of laws and regulations, limiting and regulating the extent of lying. In the process of conducting business, lying affects consumers, making them lack the ability to trust a brand, the result is presence of going concern, and the likelihood of failure in a business.
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