Essay Example. Astrophysical Opinions

Published: 2023-01-10
Essay Example. Astrophysical Opinions
Type of paper:  Essay
Categories:  Philosophy God Ethical dilemma
Pages: 4
Wordcount: 967 words
9 min read

Clarke's cosmological argument is more superior to Kalam cosmological argument as it states that any being that is in existence must either be contingent or necessary since not everything can be contingent, and therefore there must be a being on which the contingent beings depend on, and it is this being that is referred to as "God". There are different cosmological arguments on the origin of the universe with each case trying to explain the existence of the world and what might have caused the world to exist. Some of the arguments are time bound like the Kalam cosmological opinion while others are not limited to time. This paper is going to evaluate the squabble from contingent and the Kalam's astral spat and prove why Clarke's opinion is more superior to Kalam's.

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The spat from contingency is a more protuberant type of cosmological argument from history. The conventional announcements of the astrophysical barney by Plato, Aquinas, and Leibniz generally arise from the argument of contingency. The only thing that differentiates Clarke's squabble from the Kalam stellar row is its consistency of the impression that the cosmos possess an immeasurable ancient. Kalam's squabble is based on the contentious assertion in which the world has a commencement phase (Pecorino np). Contrary, the squabble from eventuality is dependable that space has been in existence since the perpetuity. The row from exigency lures on the otherness amid things that happen automatically and others that exist contingently.

A being is said to be necessary when it can perhaps have never failed to exist. For instance, the laws of arithmetic are repeatedly alleged to be essential. It is reasonable to articulate that calculated facts like three and three make six would still stand regardless of the position of the world. Similarly, God remains to be a necessary being since he could never have failed to exist. Alternatively, a being is said to be contingent if it had the possibility of not existing. Majority of the human creations could not have been in existence had the humans decided not to make them; thus their happening is contingent (Philosophy of Religion np). In the same way, we could not have existed had our parents failed to exist or had they decided not to sire children. This means that our occurrence is therefore contingent. The world within which we live could also be contingent had it decided not to develop with the observable things. The world in itself could not have been in existence. Neither the creations in the universe would be existing. Hence due to this opinion, Clarke's argument is taken to be important. Since the world happens contingently, its actuality is believed to need clarification. Yes, the world could have failed to exist, but why is it there? Advocates of the planetary disagreement propose that such questions must have answers. The presence of things that are obligatory does not need elucidation since their absence is unbearable. Those who criticize this opinion at the time ask if the world is contingent; however, it is reasonable to say so.

William Craig recently restored the kalam cosmological argument. The argument suggests that the actuality of Divinity initiated the presence of the world. Kalam planetary squabble proposes that the being of the universe has a beginning in time (Philosophy of Religion np). It is for this reason that the existence of the universe is supposed to stand in the necessity of clarification. Kalam astral spat states that since entirety which possesses a commencement to happen must have a foundation of its existence, the cosmos has an establishment of its existence, and for this reason, God exists.

The chief basis of the squabble claims that each thing that instigates to happen must have a reason of the actuality. In conclusion of this claim that the cosmos has an origin of her animation, advocate of the kalam astrophysical squabble has to demonstrate that the ancient is determinate and thus the world inaugurated to be at a definite period. The most important fragment of the argument is that the world contains a commencement concerning her happening. The advocate of Kalam astral spat has to show us how to recognize that the cosmos has a beginning of its presence and why the universe cannot expanse back in time into infinitude continuously having existed (Pecorino np). These proponents of the kalam astral spat say that it is unmanageable for creation to have an immeasurable past. Currently, supporters of the argument habitually claim that contemporary science has recognized that the world instigated with the Big Bang. Proponents of Kalam spat use both arithmetic and science to support their claim.

This essay has shown that Clarke's cosmological argument is more superior to Kalam cosmological argument as it states that any being that is in existence must either be contingent or necessary. Since not everything can be contingent means therefore that there must be a being on which these contingent beings depend on, and it is this being that is referred to as "God". The argument of contingency is well illustrated with suggestions that everything that happens is either necessary or contingent and that the universe might be contingent. If there was no God to create the universe then probably humanity would not have existed. The kalam cosmological evidence is not well highlighted how we can arrive at the exact time the world started to exist and therefore it is less superior.

Works Cited

Pecorino A. Philip. Introduction to Philosophy. Chapter 3: Philosophy of Religion: Proofs of Existence of God: The Cosmological Argument. 2001. Available at

Philosophy of Religion. The Argument from Contingency. 2008. Available at

Philosophy of Religion. The Kalam Cosmological Argument. 2008. Available at

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