The Epic of Gilgamesh is one of the oldest literature works. The poem was composed in Ancient Mesopotamia. It speaks of two strong warriors, Gilgamesh and Enkidu, who lived as friends. The two friends were superior to other humans and often disobeyed the advice of the elders and the gods. The two committed many sins which lead to the death of Enkidu; thus, leaving Gilgamesh alone and desperate. Although the narrative was one of the most read stories, just like Homer`s work, the Iliad, it vanished for more than two thousand years after the Persian invaders destroyed most of the Mesopotamian cities.
The Epic of Gilgamesh seems outdated to me because of several reasons. Firstly, the poem was found written on a tablet. Therefore, it is possible that the story was a mere myth than it was a real account of history. Secondly, most of the ancient literature works were in the form of poems. In fact, like the classical literature works of Homer the Epic of Gilgamesh was composed in the form of a poem. According to research, the Literature works such as the Iliad and the Epic of Gilgamesh were performed to an audience and were a part of the communitys myths and legends. In simple terms, it is prudent to infer that the narrative cannot be tied to a particular point in history when it occurred or was written. In fact, to support the hypothesis, the 19th-century philosophers debated about the fiction or practical nature of the poem. Some people argued that the striking parallelism between the biblical account of Noah and Utnapishtim proves that the narration was a historical account. However, some researchers argued the fact that Noah died makes it a fictional story.
In my view, the Tyranny and Democracy is more recent than the Epic of Gilgamesh. The Tyranny rule began in the Greek world where the king was referred to as a tyrant. The tyrant rulers originated from the aristocracy, and they took full control of the cities. On the other hand, the Athens were the first people to apply the democracy rule. The people would meet in the city squares to provide arguments about the future of the city and come up with solutions. Moreover, contrary to other parts of the world, the Athens did not have slaves, but rather, they paid the poorest in the society to do their chores.
The Tyranny and Democracy narrative gave an account of historical events that took place. Furthermore, if we analyze the current society critically, we will still find a trace of tyrannical leadership. For example, President Gadhafi of Libya had to be removed from power by force. Also, many countries that were colonized acquired their democracy in the 20th century. Therefore, the Democratic and Tyrannical stories are more recent as compared to the Epic of Gilgamesh. According to the account, the Athens of the 5th century B.C.E. conducted contexts and dramas that were used to formulate the questions pertaining a ruler`s power and the relationship between the ordinary people and the Government. Similarly, the 21st-century governments often discuss and amend the issues regarding the Head of State`s jurisdictions. The present citizens also demand to have a direct effect on the government to monitor the leader`s power. In conclusion, it is evident that the Tyranny and Democracy is more recent than the Epic of Gilgamesh.
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