Poverty has been a life-long phenomenon that has been there for a long time, and it has transcended through generation to generation. Poverty is a worldwide crisis it doesnt affect one race gender or nation (Evans 2004). Children are the larger population that is impacted by poverty in many different ways. Poverty affects children mentally physically mentally and even in their human modes of life. The research was done and almost all over the world the effect of poverty is being felt in each country (Hanson et al. 2013). The cause of poverty are the circumstance that prevents one from getting a job, which will support normal lifestyle hence these will lead to a victim to poverty or exposed to poverty (Pachter et al. 2006). The number of children affected by the poverty has risen more and more. Children have less choice and ability to change around the circumstance since they have little they can do to help their families. Most of these kids are behind in all aspect like the age of starting school.
Poverty affects children physically in many ways, firstly is the physical weakness that is caused by the lack of strength due to malnutrition, disability or illness (Evans 2004). Most children living in the low-income families is not easy for them to get access to the foods with the enough nutrition but even if they can get access to them they cant afford to buy (Pachter et al. 2006). Physical health effect such as the disability is caused by the lack of money to access the excellent sanitary facilities (Hanson et al. 2013). Children who are disabled are more likely to be discriminated on many issues in the society for example physical works which they cant do (Yoshikawa et al. 2012).
Children who are living in the areas where poverty is high are likely to get involved in the violent act (Ridge 2004). These makes the neighborhood unsafe for everyone, and it may cause a significant risk of injury to the children or entry to the juvenile justice system. As the children grow and experience that kind of act of violent, it may predict the future violent behavior during their youth age (Evans 2004). Most of the children get engaged in sexual behaviors which may lead them to the risk of having HIV, STDs or even early pregnancy.
Poverty also can affect housing, which is the most fundamental need for both the children and the adult. Families who are poor are mostly living in the temporal house (Pachter et al. 2006). The shelter can affect the growth of children since they will be the relocation of the house every time due to the economic status at every time. The relocation affects children neighborhood relation and also the community links (Evans 2004). Most of the housing is not that stable build hence their chance of collapsing is more likely. Poverty areas are so polluted since there is no proper channel of disposing of the waste product. The pollution can cause health problem to children since they do play around them.
Poor children are being faced with a lot of effects such as the food security (Ridge 2004). Some of them cannot afford three meals a day (Evans 2004). These cause an effect on their body by being weak physically and not able to do any physical work. The lack of food also reduces the rate of concentration of the child when in school. Some of the children are born with low birth weight due to inadequate food or poor nutrition hence risk to the physical health problem (Yoshikawa et al. 2012). Poor children tend to be less educated since most of them dont have the recourse needed to attend the school. Other start and later drop out of school due to school fee and these led to various behaviors like crime in the area (Hanson et al. 2013). They do feel not incorporated with others who are poor and can make them get into criminal activities.
Poverty also leads children to death (Yoshikawa et al. 2012). Children mostly are more attracted to the diseases than the adult since their immunities are not that strong to fight back. When the diseases are not cured on time, it can lead to losing of life (Ridge 2004). The starvation also is another deserter which cause death to the poor children since they dont eat all three meals per day, or even a day can end before eating anything. Children are overworked by their parents, so us to help them get food or income for the day (Hanson et al. 2013). Getting food is the priority and not going to school and the caused them to do hard jobs while still in their younger age.
Poverty is one of the major things in the world that need to be looked into and address very quickly in the poorest village where many people are dying. The study has shown that the position of the families strongly affects the future welfare of children and it depends on the income (Pachter et al. 2006). The larger percentages of those who are dying are the children. Poverty is an issue that should be addressed by everybody in the world, and if there is no effort of solving it, it will get worse as time goes (Hanson et al. 2013). The gap between the poor and the rich can be reduced in different ways so as the number of poor children increasing day by bay should not occur (Ridge 2004). The government can come up with a policy that can help in fighting poverty, or even the rich can stop spending on the inappropriate things so as to reduce the gap between the poor and rich.
In conclusion, there are many causes of child poverty and not only financial plight as many people thought (Hanson et al. 2013). The child abuse is one of the things that affect child life; parents tend not to give them better life when young. Some are due to sing parents who can't be able to provide for the family hence the children are being affected by the situation (Ridge 2004).
Being poor doesnt mean you will die poor it's, many people have come out of poverty, and now their children are feeling the better side of life (Yoshikawa et al. 2012).
Evans, G. W. (2004). The environment of childhood poverty. American psychologist, 59(2), 77.
Hanson, J.L., Hair, N., Shen, D.G., Shi, F., Gilmore, J.H., Wolfe, B.L. and Pollak, S.D., 2013. Family poverty affects the rate of human infant brain growth. PloS one, 8(12), p.e80954.
Pachter, L. M., Auinger, P., Palmer, R., & Weitzman, M. (2006). Do parenting and the home environment, maternal depression, neighborhood, and chronic poverty affect child behavioral problems differently in different racial-ethnic groups? Pediatrics, 117(4), 1329-1338.
Ridge, T. (2004). Childhood poverty and social exclusion. Children, Youth and Environments, 14(2).
Yoshikawa, H., Aber, J. L., & Beardslee, W. R. (2012). The effects of poverty on the mental, emotional, and behavioral health of children and youth: implications for prevention. American Psychologist, 67(4), 272.
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