Music is the central language that is understood by all races on earth. Research over time has shown that music is a priceless form of art that people cannot live without (Juslin and John, 89). The world today is encompassed with music such that wherever people go, they are caught up in music be it in restaurants, barber shops, subways as well as shopping malls. It has become a part of peoples lives, and the norm is something that people cannot part with. In the education sector, there has been a crisis in the education of music in schools since the great recession. The quantity and quality of music have been tampered with by heads of schools who are trying to save money. Scientifically, this shows that the education sector is depriving students of the benefits that come with music education. In the year 1999, James Caterall found that those students who went through the music education had better grades, better attendance rates and were more engaged in the community than their counterparts that did not do music. From researches done in the past, it is clear that music is good for all. With all these in mind, officials in the education sector universally need to support a balanced and sequential music study that is taught by teachers that are qualified. This essay will seek to identify the root causes of the current critical issues in Music Education.
In todays world, Students in most schools are not interested in music. This is because they are not aware of the benefits that music can bring to them. Some teachers, on the other hand, are not encouraging their students to take music classes or to include music subject in their course. The government ought to explain to teachers the benefits music can bring to the students. They can do this by formulating policies that can see the integration of music in the courses provided by the schools. Schools should also diversify their courses so as to include music in their course list. There are several benefits that music can offer the children. Music is not just about modeling the brain. It is also known for developing well-formed people that give back to the society by the use of their knowledge and talent (Weinberger, Norm, 1). Studies show that students who take music from the low-income families have a better civic-mind and are always ready to exercise their rights to vote, to finish their education, to choose a career and to do volunteer work. These benefits show why music is needed in schools since it is not useless. Music also gives children cognitive powers that they require to succeed in life. It also helps in closing the gap between the rich and the poor which has gone up over the years whereby the rich get richer and the poor, poorer. By closing in on this gap, children are also able to stop the plague of social class that has plagued not only the community but also the schools. Music does this by giving children cognitive abilities that improve their confidence and their imagination.
To encourage the integration of music education in schools, the government needs to fund music education. Of late, there has been the decrease in the funds that are set aside for music education. Without the funding, most schools are not able to meet the expense of including music in their course list. There are various expenses that come with music education. There needs to be the availability of musical instruments in schools and these costs a lot of money that most schools cannot afford. Schools are not able to pay for the personnel and. Therefore, they are losing music teachers at a high rate. With this trend, music education has been affected greatly. The government and the school heads, therefore, would not want to cut on the benefit that music brings to the children and the community. After all, there are no better things that education can provide other than seeing the students graduate as people who are confident of themselves so as to tackle the challenges they will face in the world.
Music also brings about some neurological advantages that are required in other subjects like mathematics and languages. Music is known to target a part of the brain called the spatial-temporal reasoning (Spaeth, Sigmund, 96). Students with high spatial-temporal reasoning are good at working put solutions for complex problems. These qualities can also be extended to other fields like engineering, architecture and science among others. For children to succeed in society and school, they need to have some abilities. Music increases a childs intelligence as demonstrated by some neurological experiments done under controlled behavioral conditions. These studies all agree that music makes a child smarter in class and society. In a study done by Dr. Timo Krings, pianists and no-pianists were asked to perform complicated finger movements as their brains were being monitored by a functional magnetic resource imaging (fMRI). This technique helps in detection of the abilities of the brain cells (Ratey, John, 56). The non-pianists were able to make the same movements in the right way as the pianists, but the pianists did not show erratic brain activities as compared to their counterparts. Comparisons made showed that the pianists were more proficient when making the finger movements, and this shows that music can enhance the functioning of the brain. When performing the finger movements, a pianist is required to adjust the tempo, phrasing, tone, rhythm as well as feeling thus teaching the brain to become good at arranging and conducting all the mentioned activities at one time (Timo et al., 13). Children who are trained and have dedicated their time to orchestra have a playoff for having great skills in paying attention as well as in increasing their levels of intelligence and expression.
In summary, education heads should not deprive children of these benefits in the name of trying to save money. For the nations economy to grow it requires sharp people, who are creative and with good cognitive skills. Music will help the children in gaining such skills that will help them in the future. The importance of music to the next generation should not be underestimated. A clear message should be sent to all those who are involved in the school systems. The message should be that music is an integral part of the society and that it will help children and the society in real ways. The benefits highlighted can be used to help convince decision makers in making the right choices for the children who are the future generation. With all these in mind, officials in the education sector universally need to support a balanced and sequential music study that is taught by teachers that are qualified. This is because music is good for all (Strimple, Nick, 56).
Juslin, Patrik N, and John A. Sloboda. Music and Emotion: Theory and Research. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. Print.
Ratey, John. A Users Guide to the Brain. New York: Pantheon Books, 2001.
Spaeth, Sigmund. The Importance of Music. New York: Fleet Pub. Corp, 1963. Print.
Strimple, Nick. Choral Music in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Amadeus, 2008. Print.
Weinberger, Norm. The Impact of Arts on Learning. MuSICa Research Notes 7, no. 2 (Spring 2000). Reporting on Krings.
Timo et al. Cortical Activation Patterns during Complex Motor Tasks in Piano Players and Control Subjects. A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study. Neuroscience Letters 278, no. 3 (2000): 189-93.
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